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Isaiah 33:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He shall dwell on high; his place of defence shall be the munitions of rocks; his bread shall be given [him]; his waters shall be sure.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He shall dwell on high: his place of defence [shall be] the munitions of rocks: bread shall be given him; his waters [shall be] sure.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He will dwell on the heights, His refuge will be the impregnable rock; His bread will be given [him], His water will be sure.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He shall dwell on high: his place of defense [shall be] the munitions of rocks: bread shall be given him; his waters [shall be] sure.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— he shall dwell on high, the fortresses of the rocks shall be his high retreat; bread shall be given him, his water shall be sure.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He, the heights, shall inhabit, A stronghold of crags, shall be his refuge,—His bread, hath been delivered, His waters, have been made sure.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— He high places doth inhabit, Strongholds of rock [are] his high tower, His bread hath been given, his waters stedfast.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He shall dwell on high, the fortifications of rocks shall be his highness: bread is given him, his waters are sure.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He shall dwell on high: his place of defence [shalbe] the munitions of rocks, bread shalbe giuen him, his waters [shall be] sure.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— He shall dwell in a high cave of a strong rock: bread shall be given him, and his water shall be sure.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He shall dwell on high: his place of defence [shall be] the munitions of rocks: bread shall be given him; his waters [shall be] sure.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
shall dwell 7931
{7931} Prime
שָׁכַן
shakan
{shaw-kan'}
A primitive root (apparently akin (by transmutation) to H7901 through the idea of lodging; compare H5531 and H7925); to reside or permanently stay (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
on high: 4791
{4791} Prime
מָרוֹם
marowm
{maw-rome'}
From H7311; altitude, that is, concretely (an elevated place), abstractly (elevation), fig (elation), or adverbial (aloft).
his place of defence 4869
{4869} Prime
מִשְׂגָּב
misgab
{mis-gawb'}
From H7682; properly a cliff (or other lofty or inaccessible place); abstractly altitude; figuratively a refuge; misgab; a place in Moab.
[shall be] the munitions 4679
{4679} Prime
מְצַד
m@tsad
{mets-ad'}
From H6679; a fastness (as a covert of ambush).
of rocks: 5553
{5553} Prime
סֶלַע
cela`
{seh'-lah}
From an unused root meaning to be lofty; a craggy rock, literally or figuratively (a fortress).
bread 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
shall be given 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
him; his waters 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
[shall be] sure. 539
{0539} Prime
אָמַן
'aman
{aw-man'}
A primitive root; properly to build up or support; to foster as a parent or nurse; figuratively to render (or be) firm or faithful, to trust or believe, to be permanent or quiet; morally to be true or certain; once (in Isaiah 30:21; by interchange for H0541) to go to the right hand.
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 33:16

_ _ on high — heights inaccessible to the foe (Isaiah 26:1).

_ _ bread ... waters — image from the expected siege by Sennacherib; however besieged by trials without, the godly shall have literal and spiritual food, as God sees good for them (Isaiah 41:17; Psalms 37:25; Psalms 34:10; Psalms 132:15).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 33:13-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 33:16

On high — Out of the reach of danger. His waters — God will furnish him with all necessaries.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 33:16

He shall dwell on (t) high: his place of defence [shall be] the strong holds of rocks: bread shall be given him; his waters [shall be] sure.

(t) Meaning, that God will be a sure defence to all them that live according to his word.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
shall dwell:

Isaiah 32:18 And my people shall dwell in a peaceable habitation, and in sure dwellings, and in quiet resting places;
Psalms 15:1 [[A Psalm of David.]] LORD, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? who shall dwell in thy holy hill?
Psalms 90:1 [[A Prayer of Moses the man of God.]] Lord, thou hast been our dwelling place in all generations.
Psalms 91:1-10 He that dwelleth in the secret place of the most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty. ... There shall no evil befall thee, neither shall any plague come nigh thy dwelling.
Psalms 91:14 Because he hath set his love upon me, therefore will I deliver him: I will set him on high, because he hath known my name.
Psalms 107:41 Yet setteth he the poor on high from affliction, and maketh [him] families like a flock.
Proverbs 1:33 But whoso hearkeneth unto me shall dwell safely, and shall be quiet from fear of evil.
Proverbs 18:10 The name of the LORD [is] a strong tower: the righteous runneth into it, and is safe.
Habakkuk 3:19 The LORD God [is] my strength, and he will make my feet like hinds' [feet], and he will make me to walk upon mine high places. To the chief singer on my stringed instruments.

high:
Heb. heights, or high places

his place:

Isaiah 26:1-5 In that day shall this song be sung in the land of Judah; We have a strong city; salvation will [God] appoint [for] walls and bulwarks. ... For he bringeth down them that dwell on high; the lofty city, he layeth it low; he layeth it low, [even] to the ground; he bringeth it [even] to the dust.
Psalms 18:33 He maketh my feet like hinds' [feet], and setteth me upon my high places.

bread:

Psalms 33:18 Behold, the eye of the LORD [is] upon them that fear him, upon them that hope in his mercy;
Psalms 34:10 The young lions do lack, and suffer hunger: but they that seek the LORD shall not want any good [thing].
Psalms 37:3 Trust in the LORD, and do good; [so] shalt thou dwell in the land, and verily thou shalt be fed.
Psalms 111:5 He hath given meat unto them that fear him: he will ever be mindful of his covenant.
Luke 12:29-31 And seek not ye what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink, neither be ye of doubtful mind. ... But rather seek ye the kingdom of God; and all these things shall be added unto you.
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