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Isaiah 32:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the heart of the rash shall understand knowledge, and the tongue of the stammerers shall be ready to speak plainly.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The heart also of the rash shall understand knowledge, and the tongue of the stammerers shall be ready to speak plainly.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The mind of the hasty will discern the truth, And the tongue of the stammerers will hasten to speak clearly.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The heart also of the rash shall understand knowledge, and the tongue of the stammerers shall be ready to speak plainly.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and the heart of the rash shall understand knowledge, and the tongue of the stammerers shall be ready to speak plainly.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, the heart of the hurried, shall take note of knowledge, And, the tongue of stammerers, shall make haste to speak plainly.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the heart of those hastened Understandeth to know, And the tongue of stammerers hasteth to speak clearly.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the heart of fools shall understand knowledge, and the tongue of stammerers shall speak readily and plain.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The heart also of the rash shall vnderstand knowledge, and the tongue of the stammerers shall bee readie to speake plainely.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the heart of the weak ones shall attend to hear, and the stammering tongues shall soon learn to speak peace.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The heart also of the rash shall understand knowledge, and the tongue of the stammerers shall be ready to speak plainly.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The heart 3824
{3824} Prime
לֵבָב
lebab
{lay-bawb'}
From H3823; the heart (as the most interior organ); used also like H3820.
also of the rash 4116
{4116} Prime
מָהַר
mahar
{maw-har'}
A primitive root; properly to be liquid or flow easily, that is, (by implication); to hurry (in a good or bad sense); often used (with another verb) adverbially promptly.
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
shall understand 995
{0995} Prime
בִּין
biyn
{bene}
A primitive root; to separate mentally (or distinguish), that is, (generally) understand.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
knowledge, y1847
[1847] Standard
דַּעַת
da`ath
{dah'-ath}
From H3045; knowledge.
x3045
(3045) Complement
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
and the tongue 3956
{3956} Prime
לָשׁוֹן
lashown
{law-shone'}
From H3960; the tongue (of man or animals), used literally (as the instrument of licking, eating, or speech), and figuratively (speech, an ingot, a fork of flame, a cove of water).
of the stammerers 5926
{5926} Prime
עִלֵּג
`illeg
{il-layg'}
From an unused root meaning to stutter; stuttering.
shall be ready 4116
{4116} Prime
מָהַר
mahar
{maw-har'}
A primitive root; properly to be liquid or flow easily, that is, (by implication); to hurry (in a good or bad sense); often used (with another verb) adverbially promptly.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
to speak 1696
{1696} Prime
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
z8763
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
plainly. 6703
{6703} Prime
צַח
tsach
{tsakh}
From H6705; dazzling, that is, sunny, bright, (figuratively) evident.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 32:4

_ _ rash — rather, “the hasty”; contrast “shall not make haste” (Isaiah 28:16); the reckless who will not take time to weigh religious truth aright. Or else, the well-instructed [Horsley].

_ _ stammers — those who speak confusedly on divine things (compare Exodus 4:10-12; Jeremiah 1:6; Matthew 10:19, Matthew 10:20). Or, rather, those drunken scorners who in stammering style imitated Isaiah’s warnings to mock them [Maurer] (Isaiah 28:7-11, Isaiah 28:13, Isaiah 28:14, Isaiah 28:22; Isaiah 29:20); in this view, translate, “speak uprightly” (agreeably to the divine law); not as English Version, referring to the distinctness of articulation, “plainly.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 32:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 32:4

The rash — Who were hasty in judging of things; which is an argument of ignorance and folly. The tongue — That used to speak of the things of God, darkly, and doubtfully; which though it was in part fulfilled in Hezekiah, yet was truly and fully accomplished only by Christ, who wrought this wonderful change in an innumerable company both of Jews and Gentiles.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
heart:

Isaiah 29:24 They also that erred in spirit shall come to understanding, and they that murmured shall learn doctrine.
Nehemiah 8:8-12 So they read in the book in the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense, and caused [them] to understand the reading. ... And all the people went their way to eat, and to drink, and to send portions, and to make great mirth, because they had understood the words that were declared unto them.
Matthew 11:25 At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes.
Matthew 16:17 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed [it] unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.
Acts 6:7 And the word of God increased; and the number of the disciples multiplied in Jerusalem greatly; and a great company of the priests were obedient to the faith.
Acts 26:9-11 I verily thought with myself, that I ought to do many things contrary to the name of Jesus of Nazareth. ... And I punished them oft in every synagogue, and compelled [them] to blaspheme; and being exceedingly mad against them, I persecuted [them] even unto strange cities.
Galatians 1:23 But they had heard only, That he which persecuted us in times past now preacheth the faith which once he destroyed.

rash:
Heb. hasty

the tongue:

Exodus 4:11 And the LORD said unto him, Who hath made man's mouth? or who maketh the dumb, or deaf, or the seeing, or the blind? have not I the LORD?
Song of Songs 7:9 And the roof of thy mouth like the best wine for my beloved, that goeth [down] sweetly, causing the lips of those that are asleep to speak.
Luke 21:14-15 Settle [it] therefore in your hearts, not to meditate before what ye shall answer: ... For I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay nor resist.
Acts 2:4-12 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. ... And they were all amazed, and were in doubt, saying one to another, What meaneth this?
Acts 4:13 Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marvelled; and they took knowledge of them, that they had been with Jesus.

plainly:
or, elegantly
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 4:11. Ne 8:8. So 7:9. Is 29:24. Mt 11:25; 16:17. Lk 21:14. Ac 2:4; 4:13; 6:7; 26:9. Ga 1:23.

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