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Isaiah 32:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— until the Spirit be poured upon us from on high, and the wilderness become a fruitful field, and the fruitful field be esteemed as a forest.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Until the spirit be poured upon us from on high, and the wilderness be a fruitful field, and the fruitful field be counted for a forest.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Until the Spirit is poured out upon us from on high, And the wilderness becomes a fertile field, And the fertile field is considered as a forest.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Until the spirit shall be poured upon us from on high, and the wilderness shall be a fruitful field, and the fruitful field shall be counted for a forest.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— until the Spirit be poured upon us from on high, and the wilderness become a fruitful field, and the fruitful field be counted for a forest.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Until there be poured out upon us the spirit, from on high,—Then shall, the wilderness, become, garden-land, And, the garden-land, for a forest, be reckoned;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Till emptied out on us is the Spirit from on high, And a wilderness hath become a fruitful field, And the fruitful field for a forest is reckoned.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Until the spirit be poured upon us from on high: and the desert shall be as a charmel, and charmel shall be counted for a forest.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Untill the spirit be powred vpon vs from on high, and the wildernesse be a fruitfull field, and the fruitfull field be counted for a forrest.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— until the Spirit shall come upon you from on high, and Carmel{gr.Chermel} shall be desert, and Carmel{gr.Chermel} shall be counted for a forest.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Until the spirit be poured upon us from on high, and the wilderness be a fruitful field, and the fruitful field be counted for a forest.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Until x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
the spirit 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
be poured 6168
{6168} Prime
עָרָה
`arah
{aw-raw'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) bare; hence to empty, pour out, demolish.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
us from on high, 4791
{4791} Prime
מָרוֹם
marowm
{maw-rome'}
From H7311; altitude, that is, concretely (an elevated place), abstractly (elevation), fig (elation), or adverbial (aloft).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and the wilderness 4057
{4057} Prime
מִדְבָּר
midbar
{mid-bawr'}
From H1696 in the sense of driving; a pasture (that is, open field, whither cattle are driven); by implication a desert; also speech (including its organs).
be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
a fruitful field, 3759
{3759} Prime
כַּרְמֶל
karmel
{kar-mel'}
From H3754; a planted field (garden, orchard, vineyard or park); by implication garden produce.
and the fruitful field 3759
{3759} Prime
כַּרְמֶל
karmel
{kar-mel'}
From H3754; a planted field (garden, orchard, vineyard or park); by implication garden produce.
be counted 2803
{2803} Prime
חָשַׁב
chashab
{khaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to plait or interpenetrate, that is, (literally) to weave or (generally) to fabricate; figuratively to plot or contrive (usually in a malicious sense); hence (from the mental effort) to think, regard, value, compute.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
for a forest. 3293
{3293} Prime
יָעַר
ya`ar
{yah'-ar}
From an unused root probably meaning to thicken with verdure; a copse of bushes; hence a forest; hence honey in the comb (as hived in trees).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 32:9-20.


Isaiah 32:15

_ _ This can only partially apply to the spiritual revival in Hezekiah’s time; its full accomplishment belongs to the Christian dispensation, first at Pentecost (Joel 2:28; Acts 2:17), perfectly in coming times (Psalms 104:30; Ezekiel 36:26; Ezekiel 39:29; Zechariah 12:10), when the Spirit shall be poured on Israel, and through it on the Gentiles (Micah 5:7).

_ _ wilderness ... fruitful field ... forest — when Judea, so long waste, shall be populous and fruitful, and the land of the enemies of God shall be desolate. Or, “the field, now fruitful, shall be but as a barren forest in comparison with what it shall be then” (Isaiah 29:17). The barren shall become fruitful by regeneration; those already regenerate shall bring forth fruits in such abundance that their former life shall seem but as a wilderness where no fruits were.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 32:9-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 32:15

Until — Until the time come, in which God will pour, or, as the Hebrew word properly signifies, reveal, evidently and plentifully pour out his spirit from heaven upon his people, which was fully accomplished in the days of the Messiah. The fruitful field — God's people who were desolate, shall be revived and flourish, and their flourishing enemies shall be brought to destruction.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 32:15

Until the (k) spirit shall be poured upon us from on high, and the wilderness shall be a fruitful field, and the (l) fruitful field shall be counted for a forest.

(k) That is, when the Church will be restored, thus the prophets after they have denounced God's judgments against the wicked, used to comfort the godly, lest they should faint.

(l) The field which is now fruitful, will be but as a barren forest in comparison to what it will be then as in (Isaiah 29:17) which will be fulfilled in Christ's time, for then they who were before as the barren wilderness, being regenerate will be fruitful and they who had some beginning of godliness, will bring forth fruit in such abundance, that their former life will seem but as a wilderness where no fruit was.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the spirit:

Isaiah 11:2-3 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD; ... And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears:
Isaiah 44:3 For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground: I will pour my spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring:
Isaiah 45:8 Drop down, ye heavens, from above, and let the skies pour down righteousness: let the earth open, and let them bring forth salvation, and let righteousness spring up together; I the LORD have created it.
Isaiah 59:19-21 So shall they fear the name of the LORD from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun. When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the LORD shall lift up a standard against him. ... As for me, this [is] my covenant with them, saith the LORD; My spirit that [is] upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the LORD, from henceforth and for ever.
Isaiah 63:11 Then he remembered the days of old, Moses, [and] his people, [saying], Where [is] he that brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of his flock? where [is] he that put his holy Spirit within him?
Psalms 104:30 Thou sendest forth thy spirit, they are created: and thou renewest the face of the earth.
Psalms 107:33 He turneth rivers into a wilderness, and the watersprings into dry ground;
Proverbs 1:23 Turn you at my reproof: behold, I will pour out my spirit unto you, I will make known my words unto you.
Ezekiel 39:29 Neither will I hide my face any more from them: for I have poured out my spirit upon the house of Israel, saith the Lord GOD.
Joel 2:28-29 And it shall come to pass afterward, [that] I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions: ... And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit.
Zechariah 12:10 And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for [his] only [son], and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for [his] firstborn.
Luke 24:49 And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high.
John 7:39 (But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet [given]; because that Jesus was not yet glorified.)
Acts 2:17-18 And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams: ... And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy:
Acts 2:33 Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear.
2 Corinthians 3:8 How shall not the ministration of the spirit be rather glorious?
Titus 3:5-6 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; ... Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour;

wilderness:

Isaiah 29:17 [Is] it not yet a very little while, and Lebanon shall be turned into a fruitful field, and the fruitful field shall be esteemed as a forest?
Isaiah 35:2 It shall blossom abundantly, and rejoice even with joy and singing: the glory of Lebanon shall be given unto it, the excellency of Carmel and Sharon, they shall see the glory of the LORD, [and] the excellency of our God.
Isaiah 35:7 And the parched ground shall become a pool, and the thirsty land springs of water: in the habitation of dragons, where each lay, [shall be] grass with reeds and rushes.
Isaiah 54:1-3 Sing, O barren, thou [that] didst not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou [that] didst not travail with child: for more [are] the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife, saith the LORD. ... For thou shalt break forth on the right hand and on the left; and thy seed shall inherit the Gentiles, and make the desolate cities to be inhabited.
Isaiah 55:11-13 So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper [in the thing] whereto I sent it. ... Instead of the thorn shall come up the fir tree, and instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle tree: and it shall be to the LORD for a name, for an everlasting sign [that] shall not be cut off.
Isaiah 60:1-22 Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee. ... A little one shall become a thousand, and a small one a strong nation: I the LORD will hasten it in his time.
Isaiah 61:3-5 To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified. ... And strangers shall stand and feed your flocks, and the sons of the alien [shall be] your plowmen and your vinedressers.
Hosea 1:10-11 Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, [that] in the place where it was said unto them, Ye [are] not my people, [there] it shall be said unto them, [Ye are] the sons of the living God. ... Then shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together, and appoint themselves one head, and they shall come up out of the land: for great [shall be] the day of Jezreel.
Romans 11:18-26 Boast not against the branches. But if thou boast, thou bearest not the root, but the root thee. ... And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 104:30; 107:33. Pv 1:23. Is 11:2; 29:17; 35:2, 7; 44:3; 45:8; 54:1; 55:11; 59:19; 60:1; 61:3; 63:11. Ezk 39:29. Ho 1:10. Jol 2:28. Zc 12:10. Lk 24:49. Jn 7:39. Ac 2:17, 33. Ro 11:18. 2Co 3:8. Tit 3:5.

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