Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

Isaiah 31:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the Assyrian shall fall by the sword, not of man; and the sword, not of men, shall devour him; and he shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall become subject to taskwork.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then shall the Assyrian fall with the sword, not of a mighty man; and the sword, not of a mean man, shall devour him: but he shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall be discomfited.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And the Assyrian will fall by a sword not of man, And a sword not of man will devour him. So he will not escape the sword, And his young men will become forced laborers.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then shall the Assyrian fall with the sword, not of a mighty man; and the sword, not of a mean man, shall devour him: but he shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall be discomfited.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Asshur shall fall by the sword, not of a great man; and the sword, not of a mean man, shall devour him: and he shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall become tributary;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then shall the Assyrian fall, by the sword, not of a great man, And, the sword, not of a mean man, shall devour him,—Howbeit he shall take his flight from the face of a sword, And, his young men, shall come, under tribute;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And fallen hath Asshur by sword, not of the high, Yea, a sword—not of the low, doth consume him, And he hath fled for himself from the face of a sword, And his young men become tributary.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Assyrian shall fall by the sword not of a man, and the sword not of a man shall devour him, and he shall flee not at the face of the sword, and his young men shall be tributaries.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then shall the Assyrian fall with the sword, not of a mightie man; and the sword, not of a meane man, shal deuoure him: but hee shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall be discomfited.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Assyrian shall fall: not the sword of a great man, nor the sword of a mean man shall devour him; neither shall he flee from the face of the sword: but the young men shall be overthrown:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then shall the Ashshur fall with the sword, not of a mighty man; and the sword, not of a mean man, shall devour him: but he shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall be discomfited.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then shall the Ar אַשּׁוּר 804
{0804} Prime
אַשּׁוּר
'Ashshuwr
{ash-shoor'}
Apparently from H0833 (in the sense of successful); Ashshur, the second son of Shem; also his descendants and the country occupied by them (that is, Assyria), its region and its empire.
fall 5307
{5307} Prime
נָפַל
naphal
{naw-fal'}
A primitive root; to fall, in a great variety of applications (intransitively or causatively, literally or figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
with the sword, 2719
{2719} Prime
חֶרֶב
chereb
{kheh'-reb}
From H2717; drought; also a cutting instrument (from its destructive effect), as a knife, sword, or other sharp implement.
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
of a mighty man; 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
and the sword, 2719
{2719} Prime
חֶרֶב
chereb
{kheh'-reb}
From H2717; drought; also a cutting instrument (from its destructive effect), as a knife, sword, or other sharp implement.
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
of a mean man, 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
shall devour 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
him: but he shall flee 5127
{5127} Prime
נוּס
nuwc
{noos}
A primitive root; to flit, that is, vanish away (subside, escape; causatively chase, impel, deliver).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
from 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the sword, 2719
{2719} Prime
חֶרֶב
chereb
{kheh'-reb}
From H2717; drought; also a cutting instrument (from its destructive effect), as a knife, sword, or other sharp implement.
and his young men 970
{0970} Prime
בָּחוּר
bachuwr
{baw-khoor'}
Participle passive of H0977; properly selected, that is, a youth (often collectively).
shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
discomfited. 4522
{4522} Prime
מַס
mac
{mas}
From H4549; properly a burden (as causing to faint), that is, a tax in the form of forced labor.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 31:8

_ _ Assyrian — Sennacherib, representative of some powerful head of the ungodly in the latter ages [Horsley].

_ _ sword, not of ... mighty ... mean man — but by the unseen sword of God.

_ _ flee — Sennacherib alone fled homewards after his army had been destroyed (Isaiah 37:37).

_ _ young men — the flower of his army.

_ _ discomfited — rather, “shall be subject to slavery”; literally, “shall be liable to tribute,” that is, personal service (Deuteronomy 20:11; Joshua 9:21) [Maurer]. Or, not so well, “shall melt away” [Rosenmuller].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 31:6-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 31:8

The sword — Not of any man, but of an angel. Discomfited — Heb. shall melt away, a great part of them being destroyed by the angel; and the hearts of the rest melting for fear.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 31:8

(h) Then shall the Assyrian fall with the sword, not of man; and the sword, not of men, shall devour him: but he shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall be made vessels.

(h) When your repentance appears.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
shall the:

Isaiah 10:16-19 Therefore shall the Lord, the Lord of hosts, send among his fat ones leanness; and under his glory he shall kindle a burning like the burning of a fire. ... And the rest of the trees of his forest shall be few, that a child may write them.
Isaiah 10:33-34 Behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, shall lop the bough with terror: and the high ones of stature [shall be] hewn down, and the haughty shall be humbled. ... And he shall cut down the thickets of the forest with iron, and Lebanon shall fall by a mighty one.
Isaiah 14:25 That I will break the Assyrian in my land, and upon my mountains tread him under foot: then shall his yoke depart from off them, and his burden depart from off their shoulders.
Isaiah 29:5 Moreover the multitude of thy strangers shall be like small dust, and the multitude of the terrible ones [shall be] as chaff that passeth away: yea, it shall be at an instant suddenly.
Isaiah 30:27-33 Behold, the name of the LORD cometh from far, burning [with] his anger, and the burden [thereof is] heavy: his lips are full of indignation, and his tongue as a devouring fire: ... For Tophet [is] ordained of old; yea, for the king it is prepared; he hath made [it] deep [and] large: the pile thereof [is] fire and much wood; the breath of the LORD, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it.
Isaiah 37:35 For I will defend this city to save it for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake.
2 Kings 19:34-37 For I will defend this city, to save it, for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake. ... And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword: and they escaped into the land of Armenia. And Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 32:21 And the LORD sent an angel, which cut off all the mighty men of valour, and the leaders and captains in the camp of the king of Assyria. So he returned with shame of face to his own land. And when he was come into the house of his god, they that came forth of his own bowels slew him there with the sword.
Hosea 1:7 But I will have mercy upon the house of Judah, and will save them by the LORD their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen.

he shall flee:

Isaiah 37:37-38 So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and dwelt at Nineveh. ... And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword; and they escaped into the land of Armenia: and Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead.

from the sword:
or, for fear of the sword

discomfited:
or, tributary. Heb. for melting, or tribute.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

2K 19:34. 2Ch 32:21. Is 10:16, 33; 14:25; 29:5; 30:27; 37:35, 37. Ho 1:7.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Isaiah 31:8.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Isaiah 31:8


Recent Chat Bible Comments