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Isaiah 30:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The burden of the beasts of the South. Through the land of trouble and anguish, from whence come the lioness and the lion, the viper and fiery flying serpent, they carry their riches upon the shoulders of young asses, and their treasures upon the humps of camels, to a people that shall not profit [them].
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The burden of the beasts of the south: into the land of trouble and anguish, from whence [come] the young and old lion, the viper and fiery flying serpent, they will carry their riches upon the shoulders of young asses, and their treasures upon the bunches of camels, to a people [that] shall not profit [them].
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The oracle concerning the beasts of the Negev. Through a land of distress and anguish, From where [come] lioness and lion, viper and flying serpent, They carry their riches on the backs of young donkeys And their treasures on camels’ humps, To a people who cannot profit [them];
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The burden of the beasts of the south: into the land of trouble and anguish, from whence [come] the young and the old lion, the viper and flying serpent, they will carry their riches upon the shoulders of young asses, and their treasures upon the bunches of camels, to a people [that] shall not profit [them].
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— —The burden of the beasts of the south: Through a land of trouble and anguish, whence come the lioness and lion, the viper and fiery flying serpent, they carry their riches upon the shoulders of asses, and their treasures upon the bunches of camels, to the people that shall not profit [them].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The Oracle on the Beasts of the South,—Through a land of distress and oppression—Lioness and lion coming therefrom, Viper and fiery flying serpent, They would carry, on the shoulders of young asses, their wealth, And, on the humps of camels, their treasures, Unto a people that cannot serve them.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The burden of the beasts of the south. Into a land of adversity and distress, Of young lion and of old lion, Whence [are] viper and flying saraph, They carry on the shoulder of asses their wealth, And on the hump of camels their treasures, Unto a people not profitable.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The burden of the beasts of the south. In a land of trouble and distress, from whence come the lioness, and the lion, the viper and the flying basilisk, they carry their riches upon the shoulders of beasts, and their treasures upon the bunches of camels to a people that shall not be able to profit them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The burden of the beastes of the South: into the lande of trouble and anguish, from whence [come] the yong and old lyon, the viper, and fierie flying serpent, they will carie their riches vpon the shoulders of yong asses, and their treasures vpon the bunches of camels, to a people [that] shall not profite [them].
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— THE VISION OF THE QUADRUPEDS IN THE DESERT. In affliction and distress, [where are] the lion and lion's whelp, thence [come] also asps, and the young of flying asps, [there shall they be] who bore their wealth on asses and camels to a nation which shall not profit them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The burden of the beasts of the south: into the land of trouble and anguish, from whence [come] the young and old lion, the viper and fiery flying serpent, they will carry their riches upon the shoulders of young asses, and their treasures upon the bunches of camels, to a people [that] shall not profit [them].

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The burden 4853
{4853} Prime
מַשָּׂא
massa'
{mas-saw'}
From H5375; a burden; specifically tribute, or (abstractly) porterage; figuratively an utterance, chiefly a doom, especially singing; mental, desire.
of the beasts 929
{0929} Prime
בְּהֵמָה
b@hemah
{be-hay-maw'}
From an unused root (probably meaning to be mute); properly a dumb beast; especially any large quadruped or animal (often collectively).
of the south: 5045
{5045} Prime
נֶגֶב
negeb
{neh'-gheb}
From an unused root meaning to be parched; the south (from its drought); specifically the negeb or southern district of Judah, occasionally, Egypt (as south to Palestine).
into the land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of trouble 6869
{6869} Prime
צָרָה
tsarah
{tsaw-raw'}
Feminine of H6862; tightness (that is, figuratively trouble); transitively a female rival.
and anguish, 6695
{6695} Prime
צוֹק
tsowq
{tsoke}
From H6693; a strait, that is, (figuratively) distress.
from x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
whence [come] the young 3833
{3833} Prime
לָבִיא
labiy'
{law-bee'}
From an unused root meaning to roar; a lion (properly a lioness as the fiercer (although not a roarer; compare H0738)).
and old lion, 3918
{3918} Prime
לַיִשׁ
layish
{lah'-yish}
From H3888 in the sense of crushing; a lion (from his destructive blows).
the viper 660
{0660} Prime
אֶפְעֶה
'eph`eh
{ef-eh'}
From H0659 (in the sense of hissing); an asp or other venomous serpent.
and fiery y8314
[8314] Standard
שָׂרָף
saraph
{saw-rawf'}
From H8313; burning, that is, (figuratively) poisonous (serpent); specifically a saraph or symbolical creature (from their copper color).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
flying y5774
[5774] Standard
עוּף
`uwph
{oof}
A primitive root; to cover (with wings or obscurity); hence (as denominative from H5775) to fly; also (by implication of dimness) to faint (from the darkness of swooning).
z8789
<8789> Grammar
Stem - Polel (See H8847)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 51
serpent, 8314
{8314} Prime
שָׂרָף
saraph
{saw-rawf'}
From H8313; burning, that is, (figuratively) poisonous (serpent); specifically a saraph or symbolical creature (from their copper color).
x5774
(5774) Complement
עוּף
`uwph
{oof}
A primitive root; to cover (with wings or obscurity); hence (as denominative from H5775) to fly; also (by implication of dimness) to faint (from the darkness of swooning).
they will carry 5375
{5375} Prime
נָשָׂא
nasa'
{naw-saw'}
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
their riches 2428
{2428} Prime
חַיִל
chayil
{khah'-yil}
From H2342; probably a force, whether of men, means or other resources; an army, wealth, virtue, valor, strength.
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the shoulders 3802
{3802} Prime
כָּתֵף
katheph
{kaw-thafe'}
From an unused root meaning to clothe; the shoulder (proper, that is, upper end of the arm; as being the spot where the garments hang); figuratively side piece or lateral projection or anything.
of young asses, 5895
{5895} Prime
עַיִר
`ayir
{ah'-yeer}
From H5782 in the sense of raising (that is, bearing a burden); properly a young ass (as just broken to a load); hence an ass colt.
and their treasures 214
{0214} Prime
אוֹצָר
'owtsar
{o-tsaw'}
From H0686; a depository.
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the bunches 1707
{1707} Prime
דַּבֶּשֶׁת
dabbesheth
{dab-beh'-sheth}
Intensive from the same as H1706; a sticky mass, that is, the hump of a camel.
of camels, 1581
{1581} Prime
גָּמָל
gamal
{gaw-mawl'}
Apparently from H1580 (in the sense of labor or burden bearing).
to x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
a people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
[that] shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
profit 3276
{3276} Prime
יָעַל
ya`al
{yaw-al'}
A primitive root; properly to ascend; figuratively to be valuable (objective useful, subjective benefited).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
[them].
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 30:6

_ _ burden — the prophecy as to, etc. [Maurer]; so the Septuagint, the fresh inscription here marks emphatically the prediction that follows. Or, rather, Isaiah sees in vision, the ambassador’s beasts burdened with rich presents travelling southwards (namely, to Egypt, Daniel 11:5, Daniel 11:6), and exclaims, Oh, the burden of treasure on the beasts! etc. (Hosea 8:9; Hosea 12:1).

_ _ land of trouble — the desert between Palestine and Egypt, destitute of water and abounding in dangerous animals (Deuteronomy 8:15; Jeremiah 2:6).

_ _ flying serpent — (Isaiah 14:29), a species which springs like a dart from trees, on its prey.

_ _ will carry — rather, present, “carry,” namely, as presents to Egypt (1 Kings 15:19).

_ _ young asses — rather, “full-grown asses” [Maurer].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 30:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 30:6

The burden — The treasures, which were carried upon asses or camels, into Egypt, which lay southward from Judea. The land of trouble — Egypt, so called prophetically. From whence — This may be understood properly, but withal, seems to design the craft and cruelty of that people. They — The Jews. Their riches — To procure their assistance. Bunches — Upon the backs.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 30:6

The (d) burden of the beasts of the south: into the land of trouble and anguish, from which [come] the young and the old lion, the viper and flying serpent, they will carry their riches upon the shoulders of young donkeys, and their treasures upon the humps of camels, to a people [that] shall not profit [them].

(d) That is, a heavy sentence or prophecy against the beasts that carried their treasures into Egypt, by the wilderness, which was south from Judah, signifying that if the beasts would not be spared, the men would be punished much more grievously.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
burden:

Isaiah 46:1-2 Bel boweth down, Nebo stoopeth, their idols were upon the beasts, and upon the cattle: your carriages [were] heavy loaden; [they are] a burden to the weary [beast]. ... They stoop, they bow down together; they could not deliver the burden, but themselves are gone into captivity.
Isaiah 57:9 And thou wentest to the king with ointment, and didst increase thy perfumes, and didst send thy messengers far off, and didst debase [thyself even] unto hell.
Hosea 8:9-10 For they are gone up to Assyria, a wild ass alone by himself: Ephraim hath hired lovers. ... Yea, though they have hired among the nations, now will I gather them, and they shall sorrow a little for the burden of the king of princes.
Hosea 12:1 Ephraim feedeth on wind, and followeth after the east wind: he daily increaseth lies and desolation; and they do make a covenant with the Assyrians, and oil is carried into Egypt.

beasts:

1 Kings 10:2 And she came to Jerusalem with a very great train, with camels that bare spices, and very much gold, and precious stones: and when she was come to Solomon, she communed with him of all that was in her heart.
Matthew 12:42 The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon [is] here.

into the land:
Or, as Bp. Lowth renders, "through a land of distress and difficulty:" the same deserts are here spoken of which the Israelites passed through.
Isaiah 19:4 And the Egyptians will I give over into the hand of a cruel lord; and a fierce king shall rule over them, saith the Lord, the LORD of hosts.
Exodus 1:14 And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, [was] with rigour.
Exodus 5:10-21 And the taskmasters of the people went out, and their officers, and they spake to the people, saying, Thus saith Pharaoh, I will not give you straw. ... And they said unto them, The LORD look upon you, and judge; because ye have made our savour to be abhorred in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of his servants, to put a sword in their hand to slay us.
Deuteronomy 4:20 But the LORD hath taken you, and brought you forth out of the iron furnace, [even] out of Egypt, to be unto him a people of inheritance, as [ye are] this day.
Deuteronomy 8:15 Who led thee through that great and terrible wilderness, [wherein were] fiery serpents, and scorpions, and drought, where [there was] no water; who brought thee forth water out of the rock of flint;
Deuteronomy 17:16 But he shall not multiply horses to himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt, to the end that he should multiply horses: forasmuch as the LORD hath said unto you, Ye shall henceforth return no more that way.
Jeremiah 11:4 Which I commanded your fathers in the day [that] I brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, from the iron furnace, saying, Obey my voice, and do them, according to all which I command you: so shall ye be my people, and I will be your God:

the viper:

Numbers 21:6-7 And the LORD sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died. ... Therefore the people came to Moses, and said, We have sinned, for we have spoken against the LORD, and against thee; pray unto the LORD, that he take away the serpents from us. And Moses prayed for the people.
Deuteronomy 8:15 Who led thee through that great and terrible wilderness, [wherein were] fiery serpents, and scorpions, and drought, where [there was] no water; who brought thee forth water out of the rock of flint;
Jeremiah 2:6 Neither said they, Where [is] the LORD that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, that led us through the wilderness, through a land of deserts and of pits, through a land of drought, and of the shadow of death, through a land that no man passed through, and where no man dwelt?

riches:

2 Chronicles 9:1 And when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, she came to prove Solomon with hard questions at Jerusalem, with a very great company, and camels that bare spices, and gold in abundance, and precious stones: and when she was come to Solomon, she communed with him of all that was in her heart.
2 Chronicles 16:2 Then Asa brought out silver and gold out of the treasures of the house of the LORD and of the king's house, and sent to Benhadad king of Syria, that dwelt at Damascus, saying,
2 Chronicles 28:20-23 And Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria came unto him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not. ... For he sacrificed unto the gods of Damascus, which smote him: and he said, Because the gods of the kings of Syria help them, [therefore] will I sacrifice to them, that they may help me. But they were the ruin of him, and of all Israel.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 1:14; 5:10. Nu 21:6. Dt 4:20; 8:15; 17:16. 1K 10:2. 2Ch 9:1; 16:2; 28:20. Is 19:4; 46:1; 57:9. Jr 2:6; 11:4. Ho 8:9; 12:1. Mt 12:42.

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