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Isaiah 30:24 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— the oxen likewise and the young asses that till the ground shall eat savory provender, which hath been winnowed with the shovel and with the fork.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The oxen likewise and the young asses that ear the ground shall eat clean provender, which hath been winnowed with the shovel and with the fan.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Also the oxen and the donkeys which work the ground will eat salted fodder, which has been winnowed with shovel and fork.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The oxen likewise and the young asses that plow the ground shall eat clean provender, which hath been winnowed with the shovel and with the fan.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and the oxen and the asses that till the ground shall eat salted provender, which hath been winnowed with the shovel and with the fan.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, the oxen and the young asses that till the ground, salted provender, shall eat, which hath been winnowed with shovel or fan.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the oxen and the young asses serving the ground, Fermented provender do eat, That one is winnowing with shovel and fan.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And thy oxen, and the ass colts that till the ground, shall eat mingled provender as it was winnowed in the floor.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The oxen likewise and the yong asses that eare the ground, shall eate cleane prouender which hath bene winnowed with the shouell and with the fanne.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Your bulls and your oxen that till the ground, shall eat chaff mixed with winnowed barley.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The oxen likewise and the young asses that ear the ground shall eat clean provender, which hath been winnowed with the shovel and with the fan.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The oxen 504
{0504} Prime
אֶלֶף
'eleph
{eh'-lef}
From H0502; a family; also (from the sense of yoking or taming) an ox or cow.
likewise and the young asses 5895
{5895} Prime
עַיִר
`ayir
{ah'-yeer}
From H5782 in the sense of raising (that is, bearing a burden); properly a young ass (as just broken to a load); hence an ass colt.
that ear 5647
{5647} Prime
עָבַד
`abad
{aw-bad'}
A primitive root; to work (in any sense); by implication to serve, till, (causatively) enslave, etc.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
the ground 127
{0127} Prime
אֲדָמָה
'adamah
{ad-aw-maw'}
From H0119; soil (from its general redness).
shall eat 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
clean 2548
{2548} Prime
חָמִיץ
chamiyts
{khaw-meets'}
From H2556; seasoned, that is, salt provender.
provender, 1098
{1098} Prime
בְּלִיל
b@liyl
{bel-eel'}
From H1101; mixed, that is, (specifically) feed (for cattle).
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
hath been winnowed 2219
{2219} Prime
זָרַה
zarah
{zaw-raw'}
A primitive root (compare H2114); to toss about; by implication to diffuse, winnow.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
with the shovel 7371
{7371} Prime
רַחַת
rachath
{rakh'-ath}
From H7306; a winnowing fork (as blowing the chaff away).
and with the fan. 4214
{4214} Prime
מִזְרֶה
mizreh
{miz-reh'}
From H2219; a winnowing shovel (as scattering the chaff).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 30:24

_ _ ear — that is, till. Asses were employed in tillage, as well as oxen (Deuteronomy 22:10).

_ _ clean — rather, salted provender [Gesenius]. The Arab proverb is, “Sweet provender is as bread to camels — salted provender as confectionery.” The very cattle shall share the coming felicity. Or else, well-fermented maslin, that is, provender formed of a mixture of various substances: grain, beans, vetches, hay, and salt.

_ _ winnowed — not as it is usually given to cattle before it is separated from the chaff; the grain shall be so abundant that it shall be given winnowed.

_ _ shovel — by which the grain was thrown up in the wind to separate it from the chaff.

_ _ fan — an instrument for winnowing.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 30:18-26.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 30:24

Clean provender — There should be such plenty of corn, that the very beasts, instead of straw, should eat corn; and that not in the ear, or with the straw, but the pure grain.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
oxen:

Deuteronomy 25:4 Thou shalt not muzzle the ox when he treadeth out [the corn].
1 Corinthians 9:9-10 For it is written in the law of Moses, Thou shalt not muzzle the mouth of the ox that treadeth out the corn. Doth God take care for oxen? ... Or saith he [it] altogether for our sakes? For our sakes, no doubt, [this] is written: that he that ploweth should plow in hope; and that he that thresheth in hope should be partaker of his hope.

ear the ground:

Genesis 45:6 For these two years [hath] the famine [been] in the land: and yet [there are] five years, in the which [there shall] neither [be] earing nor harvest.
Exodus 34:21 Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest: in earing time and in harvest thou shalt rest.
Deuteronomy 21:4 And the elders of that city shall bring down the heifer unto a rough valley, which is neither eared nor sown, and shall strike off the heifer's neck there in the valley:
1 Samuel 8:12 And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over fifties; and [will set them] to ear his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and instruments of his chariots.

clean:
or, savory, Heb. leavened
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Gn 45:6. Ex 34:21. Dt 21:4; 25:4. 1S 8:12. 1Co 9:9.

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