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Isaiah 30:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he will give the rain for thy seed, wherewith thou shalt sow the ground; and bread of the increase of the ground, and it shall be fat and plenteous. In that day shall thy cattle feed in large pastures;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then shall he give the rain of thy seed, that thou shalt sow the ground withal; and bread of the increase of the earth, and it shall be fat and plenteous: in that day shall thy cattle feed in large pastures.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then He will give [you] rain for the seed which you will sow in the ground, and bread [from] the yield of the ground, and it will be rich and plenteous; on that day your livestock will graze in a roomy pasture.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then shall he give the rain of thy seed, with which thou shalt sow the ground; and bread of the increase of the earth, and it shall be fat and plenteous: in that day shall thy cattle feed in large pastures.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he will give the rain of thy seed with which thou shalt sow the ground; and bread, the produce of the ground, and it shall be fat and rich. In that day shall thy cattle feed in large pastures;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then will he give-Rain, for thy seed—wherewith thou shalt sow thy ground, and, Bread, as the increase of thy ground, which shall be fertile and fat,—Thy cattle, in that day, shall feed, in broad pasture:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And He hath given rain [for] thy seed, With which thou dost sow the ground, And bread, the increase of the ground, And it hath been fat and plenteous, Enjoy do thy cattle in that day an enlarged pasture.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And rain shall be given to thy seed, wheresoever thou shalt sow in the land: and the bread of the corn of the land shall be most plentiful, and fat. The lamb in that day shall feed at large in thy possession:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then shall he giue the raine of thy seed that thou shalt sow the ground withall; and bread of the increase of the earth, and it shalbe fat and plenteous: in that day shall thy cattell feed in large pastures.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Then shall there be rain to the seed of thy land; and the bread of the fruit of thy land shall be plenteous and rich: and thy cattle shall feed in that day in a fertile and spacious place.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then shall he give the rain of thy seed, that thou shalt sow the ground withal; and bread of the increase of the earth, and it shall be fat and plenteous: in that day shall thy cattle feed in large pastures.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then shall he give 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the rain 4306
{4306} Prime
מָטָר
matar
{maw-tawr'}
From H4305; rain.
of thy seed, 2233
{2233} Prime
זֶרַע
zera`
{zeh'-rah}
From H2232; seed; figuratively fruit, plant, sowing time, posterity.
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
thou shalt sow 2232
{2232} Prime
זָרַע
zara`
{zaw-rah'}
A primitive root; to sow; figuratively to disseminate, plant, fructify.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the ground 127
{0127} Prime
אֲדָמָה
'adamah
{ad-aw-maw'}
From H0119; soil (from its general redness).
withal; and bread 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
of the increase 8393
{8393} Prime
תְּבוּאָה
t@buw'ah
{teb-oo-aw'}
From H0935; income, that is, produce (literally or figuratively).
of the earth, 127
{0127} Prime
אֲדָמָה
'adamah
{ad-aw-maw'}
From H0119; soil (from its general redness).
and it shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
fat 1879
{1879} Prime
דָּשֵׁן
dashen
{daw-shane'}
From H1878; fat; figuratively rich, fertile.
and plenteous: 8082
{8082} Prime
שָׁמֵן
shamen
{shaw-mane'}
From H8080; greasy, that is, gross; figuratively rich.
in that x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
shall thy cattle 4735
{4735} Prime
מִקְנֶה
miqneh
{mik-neh'}
From H7069; something bought, that is, property, but only live stock; abstractly acquisition.
feed 7462
{7462} Prime
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in large 7337
{7337} Prime
רָחַב
rachab
{raw-khab'}
A primitive root; to broaden (intransitively or transitively, literally or figuratively).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
pastures. 3733
{3733} Prime
כַּר
kar
{kar}
From H3769 in the sense of plumpness; a ram (as full grown and fat), including a battering ram (as butting); hence a meadow (as for sheep); also a pad or camel's saddle (as puffed out).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 30:23

_ _ rain of — rather, “for thy seed.” Physical prosperity accompanies national piety; especially under the Old Testament. The early rain fell soon after the seed was sown in October or November; the latter rain in the spring, before the ripening of the corn. Both were needed for a good harvest.

_ _ increase — the produce.

_ _ fat — bread made of the best wheat flour (compare Genesis 49:20; Deuteronomy 32:14).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 30:18-26.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 30:23

Bread — Which shall be the fruit of thy own land and labour: and excellent for quality, which is called, fat, Deuteronomy 32:14, and abundant for quantity.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
shall he:

Isaiah 5:6 And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.
Isaiah 32:20 Blessed [are] ye that sow beside all waters, that send forth [thither] the feet of the ox and the ass.
Isaiah 44:2-4 Thus saith the LORD that made thee, and formed thee from the womb, [which] will help thee; Fear not, O Jacob, my servant; and thou, Jesurun, whom I have chosen. ... And they shall spring up [as] among the grass, as willows by the water courses.
Isaiah 55:10-11 For as the rain cometh down, and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater: ... So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper [in the thing] whereto I sent it.
Isaiah 58:11 And the LORD shall guide thee continually, and satisfy thy soul in drought, and make fat thy bones: and thou shalt be like a watered garden, and like a spring of water, whose waters fail not.
Psalms 65:9-13 Thou visitest the earth, and waterest it: thou greatly enrichest it with the river of God, [which] is full of water: thou preparest them corn, when thou hast so provided for it. ... The pastures are clothed with flocks; the valleys also are covered over with corn; they shout for joy, they also sing.
Psalms 104:13-14 He watereth the hills from his chambers: the earth is satisfied with the fruit of thy works. ... He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man: that he may bring forth food out of the earth;
Psalms 107:35-38 He turneth the wilderness into a standing water, and dry ground into watersprings. ... He blesseth them also, so that they are multiplied greatly; and suffereth not their cattle to decrease.
Jeremiah 14:22 Are there [any] among the vanities of the Gentiles that can cause rain? or can the heavens give showers? [art] not thou he, O LORD our God? therefore we will wait upon thee: for thou hast made all these [things].
Ezekiel 36:25-26 Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you. ... A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.
Hosea 2:21-23 And it shall come to pass in that day, I will hear, saith the LORD, I will hear the heavens, and they shall hear the earth; ... And I will sow her unto me in the earth; and I will have mercy upon her that had not obtained mercy; and I will say to [them which were] not my people, Thou [art] my people; and they shall say, [Thou art] my God.
Joel 2:21-26 Fear not, O land; be glad and rejoice: for the LORD will do great things. ... And ye shall eat in plenty, and be satisfied, and praise the name of the LORD your God, that hath dealt wondrously with you: and my people shall never be ashamed.
Amos 4:7-8 And also I have withholden the rain from you, when [there were] yet three months to the harvest: and I caused it to rain upon one city, and caused it not to rain upon another city: one piece was rained upon, and the piece whereupon it rained not withered. ... So two [or] three cities wandered unto one city, to drink water; but they were not satisfied: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD.
Zechariah 8:11-12 But now I [will] not [be] unto the residue of this people as in the former days, saith the LORD of hosts. ... For the seed [shall be] prosperous; the vine shall give her fruit, and the ground shall give her increase, and the heavens shall give their dew; and I will cause the remnant of this people to possess all these [things].
Zechariah 10:1 Ask ye of the LORD rain in the time of the latter rain; [so] the LORD shall make bright clouds, and give them showers of rain, to every one grass in the field.
Malachi 3:10 Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, saith the LORD of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that [there shall] not [be room] enough [to receive it].
Matthew 6:33 But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.
1 Timothy 4:8 For bodily exercise profiteth little: but godliness is profitable unto all things, having promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come.

it shall:

Isaiah 4:2 In that day shall the branch of the LORD be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth [shall be] excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel.
Psalms 36:8 They shall be abundantly satisfied with the fatness of thy house; and thou shalt make them drink of the river of thy pleasures.

thy cattle:

Genesis 41:18 And, behold, there came up out of the river seven kine, fatfleshed and well favoured; and they fed in a meadow:
Genesis 41:26 The seven good kine [are] seven years; and the seven good ears [are] seven years: the dream [is] one.
Genesis 41:47 And in the seven plenteous years the earth brought forth by handfuls.
Psalms 144:12-14 That our sons [may be] as plants grown up in their youth; [that] our daughters [may be] as corner stones, polished [after] the similitude of a palace: ... [That] our oxen [may be] strong to labour; [that there be] no breaking in, nor going out; that [there be] no complaining in our streets.
Hosea 4:16 For Israel slideth back as a backsliding heifer: now the LORD will feed them as a lamb in a large place.
Malachi 4:2 But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 41:18, 26, 47. Ps 36:8; 65:9; 104:13; 107:35; 144:12. Is 4:2; 5:6; 32:20; 44:2; 55:10; 58:11. Jr 14:22. Ezk 36:25. Ho 2:21; 4:16. Jol 2:21. Am 4:7. Zc 8:11; 10:1. Mal 3:10; 4:2. Mt 6:33. 1Ti 4:8.

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