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Isaiah 30:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— that set out to go down into Egypt, and have not asked at my mouth; to strengthen themselves in the strength of Pharaoh, and to take refuge in the shadow of Egypt!
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— That walk to go down into Egypt, and have not asked at my mouth; to strengthen themselves in the strength of Pharaoh, and to trust in the shadow of Egypt!
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Who proceed down to Egypt Without consulting Me, To take refuge in the safety of Pharaoh And to seek shelter in the shadow of Egypt!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— That walk to go down into Egypt, and have not asked at my mouth; to strengthen themselves in the strength of Pharaoh, and to trust in the shade of Egypt!
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— who walk to go down into Egypt, and have not asked of my mouth,—to take refuge under the protection of Pharaoh, and trust in the shadow of Egypt!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who are setting out to go down to Egypt, But, at my mouth, have not asked,—Betaking them to the protection of Pharaoh, And seeking refuge under the shadow of Egypt.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Who are walking to go down to Egypt, And My mouth have not asked, To be strong in the strength of Pharaoh, And to trust in the shadow of Egypt.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who walk to go down into Egypt, and have not asked at my mouth, hoping for help in the strength of Pharao, and trusting in the shadow of Egypt.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— That walke to goe downe into Egypt, (and haue not asked at my mouth) to strengthen themselues in the strength of Pharaoh, and to trust in the shadow of Egypt.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [even] they that proceed to go down into Mizraim{gr.Egypt}, but they have not enquired of me, that they might be helped by Pharaoh{gr.Pharao}, and protected by the Mizraimites{gr.Egyptians}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— That walk to go down into Mitzrayim, and have not asked at my mouth; to strengthen themselves in the strength of Paroh, and to trust in the shadow of Mitzrayim!

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
That walk 1980
{1980} Prime
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
to go down 3381
{3381} Prime
יָרַד
yarad
{yaw-rad'}
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
into Mixrayim מִצרַיִם, 4714
{4714} Prime
מִצְרַיִם
Mitsrayim
{mits-rah'-yim}
Dual of H4693; Mitsrajim, that is, Upper and Lower Egypt.
and have not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
asked 7592
{7592} Prime
שָׁאַל
sha'al
{shaw-al'}
A primitive root; to inquire; by implication to request; by extension to demand.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
at my mouth; 6310
{6310} Prime
פֶּה
peh
{peh}
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
to strengthen 5810
{5810} Prime
עָזַז
`azaz
{aw-zaz'}
A primitive root; to be stout (literally or figuratively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
themselves in the strength 4581
{4581} Prime
מָעוֹז
ma`owz
{maw-oze'}
From H5810; a fortified place; figuratively a defence.
of Par` פַּרעֹה, 6547
{6547} Prime
פַּרְעֹה
Par`oh
{par-o'}
Of Egyptian derivation; Paroh, a generic title of Egyptian kings.
and to trust 2620
{2620} Prime
חָסַה
chacah
{khaw-saw'}
A primitive root; to flee for protection (compare H0982); figuratively to confide in.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
in the shadow 6738
{6738} Prime
צֵל
tsel
{tsale}
From H6751; shade, whether literally or figuratively.
of Mixrayim מִצרַיִם! 4714
{4714} Prime
מִצְרַיִם
Mitsrayim
{mits-rah'-yim}
Dual of H4693; Mitsrajim, that is, Upper and Lower Egypt.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 30:2

_ _ walk — are now setting out, namely, their ambassadors (Isaiah 30:4).

_ _ Egypt — See on Isaiah 19:1; Isaiah 20:1.

_ _ Pharaoh — the generic name of the kings of Egypt, as Caesar was at Rome. The word in Egyptian means “king” [Josephus, Antiquities, 8.6, 2]. Phra, “the sun,” was the hieroglyphic symbol and title of the king.

_ _ shadow — image from shelter against heat: protection (Psalms 121:5, Psalms 121:6).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 30:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 30:2

Asked — Either by the priests or prophets.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
walk:

Isaiah 20:5-6 And they shall be afraid and ashamed of Ethiopia their expectation, and of Egypt their glory. ... And the inhabitant of this isle shall say in that day, Behold, such [is] our expectation, whither we flee for help to be delivered from the king of Assyria: and how shall we escape?
Isaiah 31:1-3 Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help; and stay on horses, and trust in chariots, because [they are] many; and in horsemen, because they are very strong; but they look not unto the Holy One of Israel, neither seek the LORD! ... Now the Egyptians [are] men, and not God; and their horses flesh, and not spirit. When the LORD shall stretch out his hand, both he that helpeth shall fall, and he that is holpen shall fall down, and they all shall fail together.
Isaiah 36:6 Lo, thou trustest in the staff of this broken reed, on Egypt; whereon if a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it: so [is] Pharaoh king of Egypt to all that trust in him.
Deuteronomy 28:68 And the LORD shall bring thee into Egypt again with ships, by the way whereof I spake unto thee, Thou shalt see it no more again: and there ye shall be sold unto your enemies for bondmen and bondwomen, and no man shall buy [you].
2 Kings 17:4 And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and brought no present to the king of Assyria, as [he had done] year by year: therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and bound him in prison.
Jeremiah 37:5 Then Pharaoh's army was come forth out of Egypt: and when the Chaldeans that besieged Jerusalem heard tidings of them, they departed from Jerusalem.
Jeremiah 43:7 So they came into the land of Egypt: for they obeyed not the voice of the LORD: thus came they [even] to Tahpanhes.
Ezekiel 29:6-7 And all the inhabitants of Egypt shall know that I [am] the LORD, because they have been a staff of reed to the house of Israel. ... When they took hold of thee by thy hand, thou didst break, and rend all their shoulder: and when they leaned upon thee, thou brakest, and madest all their loins to be at a stand.

and have:

Numbers 27:21 And he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask [counsel] for him after the judgment of Urim before the LORD: at his word shall they go out, and at his word they shall come in, [both] he, and all the children of Israel with him, even all the congregation.
Joshua 9:14 And the men took of their victuals, and asked not [counsel] at the mouth of the LORD.
1 Kings 22:7 And Jehoshaphat said, [Is there] not here a prophet of the LORD besides, that we might enquire of him?
Jeremiah 21:2 Enquire, I pray thee, of the LORD for us; for Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon maketh war against us; if so be that the LORD will deal with us according to all his wondrous works, that he may go up from us.
Jeremiah 42:2 And said unto Jeremiah the prophet, Let, we beseech thee, our supplication be accepted before thee, and pray for us unto the LORD thy God, [even] for all this remnant; (for we are left [but] a few of many, as thine eyes do behold us:)
Jeremiah 42:20 For ye dissembled in your hearts, when ye sent me unto the LORD your God, saying, Pray for us unto the LORD our God; and according unto all that the LORD our God shall say, so declare unto us, and we will do [it].

the shadow:

Isaiah 16:3 Take counsel, execute judgment; make thy shadow as the night in the midst of the noonday; hide the outcasts; bewray not him that wandereth.
Isaiah 18:1 Woe to the land shadowing with wings, which [is] beyond the rivers of Ethiopia:
Judges 9:15 And the bramble said unto the trees, If in truth ye anoint me king over you, [then] come [and] put your trust in my shadow: and if not, let fire come out of the bramble, and devour the cedars of Lebanon.
Lamentations 4:20 The breath of our nostrils, the anointed of the LORD, was taken in their pits, of whom we said, Under his shadow we shall live among the heathen.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 27:21. Dt 28:68. Jsh 9:14. Jg 9:15. 1K 22:7. 2K 17:4. Is 16:3; 18:1; 20:5; 31:1; 36:6. Jr 21:2; 37:5; 42:2, 20; 43:7. Lm 4:20. Ezk 29:6.

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