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Isaiah 3:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And I will give children to be their princes, and babes shall rule over them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And I will give children [to be] their princes, and babes shall rule over them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And I will make mere lads their princes, And capricious children will rule over them,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And I will give children [to be] their princes, and babes shall rule over them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I will appoint youths as their princes, and children shall rule over them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And I will appoint, boys, to be their princes,—And, petulant children, shall rule over them,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And I have made youths their heads, And sucklings rule over them.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I will give children to be their princes, and the effeminate shall rule over them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And I will giue children to [bee] their Princes, and babes shall rule ouer them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I will make youths their princes, and mockers shall have dominion over them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And I will give children [to be] their princes, and babes shall rule over them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And I will give 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
children 5288
{5288} Prime
נַעַר
na`ar
{nah'-ar}
From H5287; (concretely) a boy (as active), from the age of infancy to adolescence; by implication a servant; also (by interchange of sex), a girl (of similar latitude in age).
[to be] their princes, 8269
{8269} Prime
שַׂר
sar
{sar}
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
and babes 8586
{8586} Prime
תַּעֲלוּל
ta`aluwl
{tah-al-ool'}
From H5953; caprice (as a fit coming on), that is, vexation; concretely a tyrant.
shall rule 4910
{4910} Prime
מָשַׁל
mashal
{maw-shal'}
A primitive root; to rule.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
over them.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 3:4

_ _ children — in ability for governing; antithesis to the “ancient” (see Isaiah 3:12; Ecclesiastes 10:16).

_ _ babes — in warlike might; antithesis to “the mighty” and “man of war.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 3:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 3:4

And I will give (d) children [to be] their princes, and babes shall rule over them.

(d) Not only in age: but in manners, knowledge and strength.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
children:

1 Kings 3:7-9 And now, O LORD my God, thou hast made thy servant king instead of David my father: and I [am but] a little child: I know not [how] to go out or come in. ... Give therefore thy servant an understanding heart to judge thy people, that I may discern between good and bad: for who is able to judge this thy so great a people?
2 Chronicles 33:1 Manasseh [was] twelve years old when he began to reign, and he reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem:
2 Chronicles 34:1 Josiah [was] eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem one and thirty years.
2 Chronicles 36:2 Jehoahaz [was] twenty and three years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem.
2 Chronicles 36:5 Jehoiakim [was] twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem: and he did [that which was] evil in the sight of the LORD his God.
2 Chronicles 36:9 Jehoiachin [was] eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months and ten days in Jerusalem: and he did [that which was] evil in the sight of the LORD.
2 Chronicles 36:11 Zedekiah [was] one and twenty years old when he began to reign, and reigned eleven years in Jerusalem.
Ecclesiastes 10:16 Woe to thee, O land, when thy king [is] a child, and thy princes eat in the morning!
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 3:7. 2Ch 33:1; 34:1; 36:2, 5, 9, 11. Ec 10:16.

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