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Isaiah 3:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— the mighty man, and the man of war; the judge, and the prophet, and the diviner, and the elder;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The mighty man and the warrior, The judge and the prophet, The diviner and the elder,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— the mighty man and the man of war, the judge and the prophet, and the diviner and the elder,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Man of might, and man of war,—Judge and prophet, And diviner and elder;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Hero and man of war, judge and prophet, And diviner and elder,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The strong man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet and the cunning man, and the ancient.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The mighty man, and the man of warre; the Iudge and the Prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— the great and mighty man, the warrior and the judge, and the prophet, and the counsellor, and the elder,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The mighty x1368
(1368) Complement
גִּבּוֹר
gibbowr
{ghib-bore'}
Intensive from the same as H1397; powerful; by implication warrior, tyrant.
man, y1368
[1368] Standard
גִּבּוֹר
gibbowr
{ghib-bore'}
Intensive from the same as H1397; powerful; by implication warrior, tyrant.
and the man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
of war, 4421
{4421} Prime
מִלְחָמָה
milchamah
{mil-khaw-maw'}
From H3898 (in the sense of fighting); a battle (that is, the engagement); generally war (that is, warfare).
the judge, 8199
{8199} Prime
שָׁפַט
shaphat
{shaw-fat'}
A primitive root; to judge, that is, pronounce sentence (for or against); by implication to vindicate or punish; by extension to govern; passively to litigate (literally or figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and the prophet, 5030
{5030} Prime
נָבִיא
nabiy'
{naw-bee'}
From H5012; a prophet or (generally) inspired man.
and the prudent, 7080
{7080} Prime
קָסַם
qacam
{kaw-sam'}
A primitive root; properly to distribute, that is, determine by lot or magical scroll; by implication to divine.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and the ancient, 2205
{2205} Prime
זָקֵן
zaqen
{zaw-kane'}
From H2204; old.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 3:2

_ _ Fulfilled (2 Kings 24:14).

_ _ prudent — the Hebrew often means a “soothsayer” (Deuteronomy 18:10-14); thus it will mean, the diviners, on whom they rely, shall in that day fail. It is found in a good sense (Proverbs 16:10), from which passage the Jews interpret it a king; “without” whom Israel long has been (Hosea 3:4).

_ _ ancient — old and experienced (1 Kings 12:6-8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 3:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 3:2

The judge — The civil magistrates. The ancient — Whose wisdom was increased by long experience.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 3:2

The mighty man, and the man of war, (b) the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient,

(b) The temporal governor and the minister.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
mighty:

Isaiah 2:13-15 And upon all the cedars of Lebanon, [that are] high and lifted up, and upon all the oaks of Bashan, ... And upon every high tower, and upon every fenced wall,
2 Kings 24:14-16 And he carried away all Jerusalem, and all the princes, and all the mighty men of valour, [even] ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and smiths: none remained, save the poorest sort of the people of the land. ... And all the men of might, [even] seven thousand, and craftsmen and smiths a thousand, all [that were] strong [and] apt for war, even them the king of Babylon brought captive to Babylon.
Psalms 74:9 We see not our signs: [there is] no more any prophet: neither [is there] among us any that knoweth how long.
Lamentations 5:12-14 Princes are hanged up by their hand: the faces of elders were not honoured. ... The elders have ceased from the gate, the young men from their musick.
Amos 2:3 And I will cut off the judge from the midst thereof, and will slay all the princes thereof with him, saith the LORD.

the ancient:

Isaiah 9:15 The ancient and honourable, he [is] the head; and the prophet that teacheth lies, he [is] the tail.
Ezekiel 8:12 Then said he unto me, Son of man, hast thou seen what the ancients of the house of Israel do in the dark, every man in the chambers of his imagery? for they say, The LORD seeth us not; the LORD hath forsaken the earth.
Ezekiel 9:5 And to the others he said in mine hearing, Go ye after him through the city, and smite: let not your eye spare, neither have ye pity:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2K 24:14. Ps 74:9. Is 2:13; 9:15. Lm 5:12. Ezk 8:12; 9:5. Am 2:3.

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