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Isaiah 29:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But the multitude of thy foes shall be like small dust, and the multitude of the terrible ones as chaff that passeth away: yea, it shall be in an instant suddenly.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Moreover the multitude of thy strangers shall be like small dust, and the multitude of the terrible ones [shall be] as chaff that passeth away: yea, it shall be at an instant suddenly.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But the multitude of your enemies will become like fine dust, And the multitude of the ruthless ones like the chaff which blows away; And it will happen instantly, suddenly.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Moreover, the multitude of thy strangers shall be like small dust, and the multitude of the terrible ones [shall be] as chaff that passeth away: yes, it shall be at an instant suddenly.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the multitude of thine enemies shall be like small dust, and the multitude of the terrible ones as chaff that passeth away; and it shall be in an instant, suddenly.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then shall be, as fine dust, the multitude of thy foreigners,—And, as chaff that passeth away, the multitude of tyrants; And it shall come to pass, in a twinkling, suddenly.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And as small dust hath been The multitude of those scattering thee, And as chaff passing on the multitude of the terrible, And it hath been at an instant—suddenly.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the multitude of them that fan thee, shall be like small dust: and as ashes passing away, the multitude of them that have prevailed against thee.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Moreouer the multitude of thy strangers shalbe like small dust, and the multitude of the terrible ones shalbe as chaffe, that passeth away; yea it shalbe at an instant suddenly.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But the wealth of the ungodly shall be as dust from a wheel, and the multitude of them that oppress thee as flying chaff, and it shall be suddenly as a moment,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Moreover the multitude of thy strangers shall be like small dust, and the multitude of the terrible ones [shall be] as chaff that passeth away: yea, it shall be at an instant suddenly.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Moreover the multitude 1995
{1995} Prime
הָמוֹן
hamown
{haw-mone'}
From H1993; a noise, tumult, crowd; also disquietude, wealth.
of thy strangers 2114
{2114} Prime
זוּר
zuwr
{zoor}
A primitive root; to turn aside (especially for lodging); hence to be a foreigner, strange, profane; specifically (active participle) to commit adultery.
z8801
<8801> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 309
shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
like small 1851
{1851} Prime
דַּק
daq
{dak}
From H1854; crushed, that is, (by implication) small or thin.
dust, 80
{0080} Prime
אָבָק
'abaq
{aw-bawk'}
From root of H0079; light particles (as volatile).
and the multitude 1995
{1995} Prime
הָמוֹן
hamown
{haw-mone'}
From H1993; a noise, tumult, crowd; also disquietude, wealth.
of the terrible ones 6184
{6184} Prime
עָרִיץ
`ariyts
{aw-reets'}
From H6206; fearful, that is, powerful or tyrannical.
[shall be] as chaff 4671
{4671} Prime
מוֹץ
mots
{motes}
From H4160; chaff (as pressed out, that is, winnowed or (rather) threshed loose).
that passeth away: 5674
{5674} Prime
עָבַר
`abar
{aw-bar'}
A primitive root; to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literally or figuratively; transitively, intransitively, intensively or causatively); specifically to cover (in copulation).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
yea, it shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
at an instant 6621
{6621} Prime
פֶּתַע
petha`
{peh'-thah}
From an unused root meaning to open (the eyes); a wink, that is, moment (compare H6597), (used only (with or without preposition) adverbially quickly or unexpectedly).
suddenly. 6597
{6597} Prime
פִּתְאוֹם
pith'owm
{pith-ome'}
From H6621; instantly.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 29:5

_ _ Moreover — rather, “Yet”; yet in this extremity help shall come, and the enemy be scattered.

_ _ strangers — foreign enemies, invaders (Isaiah 25:2).

_ _ it shall be — namely, the destruction of the enemy.

_ _ at an instant — in a moment (Isaiah 30:23).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 29:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 29:5

Strangers — Whom thou hast hired to assist thee, as indeed they did, when the Chaldeans came against them. Terrible ones — Thy great commanders, and stout soldiers. It — This destruction of thy strangers, and terrible ones shall come to pass.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 29:5

Moreover the multitude of thy (e) strangers shall be like small dust, and the multitude of the terrible ones [shall be] as chaff that passeth away: yea, it shall be at an instant suddenly.

(e) Your hired soldiers in whom you trusted, will be destroyed as dust or chaff in a whirlwind.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the multitude:

Isaiah 10:16-19 Therefore shall the Lord, the Lord of hosts, send among his fat ones leanness; and under his glory he shall kindle a burning like the burning of a fire. ... And the rest of the trees of his forest shall be few, that a child may write them.
Isaiah 25:5 Thou shalt bring down the noise of strangers, as the heat in a dry place; [even] the heat with the shadow of a cloud: the branch of the terrible ones shall be brought low.
Isaiah 31:3 Now the Egyptians [are] men, and not God; and their horses flesh, and not spirit. When the LORD shall stretch out his hand, both he that helpeth shall fall, and he that is holpen shall fall down, and they all shall fail together.
Isaiah 31:8 Then shall the Assyrian fall with the sword, not of a mighty man; and the sword, not of a mean man, shall devour him: but he shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall be discomfited.
Isaiah 37:36 Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they [were] all dead corpses.

as chaff:

Isaiah 17:13 The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but [God] shall rebuke them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like a rolling thing before the whirlwind.
Job 21:18 They are as stubble before the wind, and as chaff that the storm carrieth away.
Psalms 1:4 The ungodly [are] not so: but [are] like the chaff which the wind driveth away.
Psalms 35:5 Let them be as chaff before the wind: and let the angel of the LORD chase [them].

at an:

Isaiah 30:13 Therefore this iniquity shall be to you as a breach ready to fall, swelling out in a high wall, whose breaking cometh suddenly at an instant.
Psalms 46:5-6 God [is] in the midst of her; she shall not be moved: God shall help her, [and that] right early. ... The heathen raged, the kingdoms were moved: he uttered his voice, the earth melted.
Psalms 76:5-6 The stouthearted are spoiled, they have slept their sleep: and none of the men of might have found their hands. ... At thy rebuke, O God of Jacob, both the chariot and horse are cast into a dead sleep.
1 Thessalonians 5:3 For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 21:18. Ps 1:4; 35:5; 46:5; 76:5. Is 10:16; 17:13; 25:5; 30:13; 31:3, 8; 37:36. 1Th 5:3.

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