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Isaiah 29:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— that make a man an offender in [his] cause, and lay a snare for him that reproveth in the gate, and turn aside the just with a thing of nought.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— That make a man an offender for a word, and lay a snare for him that reproveth in the gate, and turn aside the just for a thing of nought.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Who cause a person to be indicted by a word, And ensnare him who adjudicates at the gate, And defraud the one in the right with meaningless arguments.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— That make a man an offender for a word, and lay a snare for him that reproveth in the gate, and turn aside the just for a thing of naught.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— that make a man an offender for a word, and lay a snare for him that reproveth in the gate, and pervert [the judgment of] the righteous by futility.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who bring a man into condemnation with a rumour, And, for him that decideth in the gate, lay a snare,—And have driven away, for a thing of nought, one who was righteous.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Causing men to sin in word, And for a reprover in the gate lay a snare, And turn aside into emptiness the righteous.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— That made men sin by word, and supplanted him that reproved them in the gate, and declined in vain from the just.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— That make a man an offendour for a word, and lay a snare for him that reproueth in the gate, and turne aside the iust for a thing of nought.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and they that cause men to sin by a word: and men shall make all that reprove in the gates an offence, because they have unjustly turned aside the righteous.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— That make a man an offender for a word, and lay a snare for him that reproveth in the gate, and turn aside the just for a thing of nought.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
That make a man y120
[0120] Standard
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
an offender 2398
{2398} Prime
חטא
chata'
{khaw-taw'}
A primitive root; properly to miss; hence (figuratively and generally) to sin; by inference to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, (causatively) lead astray, condemn.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
x120
(0120) Complement
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
for a word, 1697
{1697} Prime
דָּבָר
dabar
{daw-baw'}
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
and lay a snare 6983
{6983} Prime
קוֹשׁ
qowsh
{koshe}
A primitive root; to bend; used only as denominative for H3369, to set a trap.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
for him that reproveth 3198
{3198} Prime
יכח
yakach
{yaw-kahh'}
A primitive root; to be right (that is, correct); reciprocally to argue; causatively to decide, justify or convict.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
in the gate, 8179
{8179} Prime
שַׁעַר
sha`ar
{shah'-ar}
From H8176 in its original sense; an opening, that is, door or gate.
and turn aside 5186
{5186} Prime
נָטָה
natah
{naw-taw'}
A primitive root; to stretch or spread out; by implication to bend away (including moral deflection); used in a great variety of applications.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
the just 6662
{6662} Prime
צַדִּיק
tsaddiyq
{tsad-deek'}
From H6663; just.
for a thing of nought. 8414
{8414} Prime
תֹּהוּ
tohuw
{to'-hoo}
From an unused root meaning to lie waste; a desolation (of surface), that is, desert; figuratively a worthless thing; adverbially in vain.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 29:21

_ _ Rather, “Who make a man guilty in his cause” [Gesenius], that is, unjustly condemn him. “A man” is in the Hebrew a poor man, upon whom such unjust condemnations might be practiced with more impunity than on the rich; compare Isaiah 29:19, “the meek ... the poor.”

_ _ him that reproveth — rather, “pleadeth”; one who has a suit at issue.

_ _ gate — the place of concourse in a city, where courts of justice were held (Ruth 4:11; Proverbs 31:23; Amos 5:10, Amos 5:12).

_ _ just — one who has a just cause; or, Jesus Christ, “the Just One” [Horsley].

_ _ for a thing of naught — rather, “through falsehood,” “by a decision that is null in justice” [Barnes]. Compare as to Christ, Proverbs 28:21; Matthew 26:15; Acts 3:13, Acts 3:14; Acts 8:33.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 29:17-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 29:21

That make a man — That condemn a man, as if he was a great criminal. For him — For God's faithful prophets and ministers. The gate — There the people used to assemble, both upon civil and sacred accounts, and there prophets used to deliver their prophecies. Turn — From his right. The just — The faithful ministers of God. Nought — Not for any great advantage, but for a trifle.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 29:21

That make a man an offender for a (q) word, and lay a snare for him that reproveth in the gate, and turn aside the just for a thing of nothing.

(q) They who went about to find fault with the prophets words, and would not abide admonitions, but would entangle them and bring them into danger.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
make:

Judges 12:6 Then said they unto him, Say now Shibboleth: and he said Sibboleth: for he could not frame to pronounce [it] right. Then they took him, and slew him at the passages of Jordan: and there fell at that time of the Ephraimites forty and two thousand.
Matthew 22:15 Then went the Pharisees, and took counsel how they might entangle him in [his] talk.
Luke 11:53-54 And as he said these things unto them, the scribes and the Pharisees began to urge [him] vehemently, and to provoke him to speak of many things: ... Laying wait for him, and seeking to catch something out of his mouth, that they might accuse him.

and lay:

Jeremiah 18:18 Then said they, Come, and let us devise devices against Jeremiah; for the law shall not perish from the priest, nor counsel from the wise, nor the word from the prophet. Come, and let us smite him with the tongue, and let us not give heed to any of his words.
Jeremiah 20:7-10 O LORD, thou hast deceived me, and I was deceived: thou art stronger than I, and hast prevailed: I am in derision daily, every one mocketh me. ... For I heard the defaming of many, fear on every side. Report, [say they], and we will report it. All my familiars watched for my halting, [saying], Peradventure he will be enticed, and we shall prevail against him, and we shall take our revenge on him.
Jeremiah 26:2-8 Thus saith the LORD; Stand in the court of the LORD'S house, and speak unto all the cities of Judah, which come to worship in the LORD'S house, all the words that I command thee to speak unto them; diminish not a word: ... Now it came to pass, when Jeremiah had made an end of speaking all that the LORD had commanded [him] to speak unto all the people, that the priests and the prophets and all the people took him, saying, Thou shalt surely die.
Amos 5:10-12 They hate him that rebuketh in the gate, and they abhor him that speaketh uprightly. ... For I know your manifold transgressions and your mighty sins: they afflict the just, they take a bribe, and they turn aside the poor in the gate [from their right].
Amos 7:10-17 Then Amaziah the priest of Bethel sent to Jeroboam king of Israel, saying, Amos hath conspired against thee in the midst of the house of Israel: the land is not able to bear all his words. ... Therefore thus saith the LORD; Thy wife shall be an harlot in the city, and thy sons and thy daughters shall fall by the sword, and thy land shall be divided by line; and thou shalt die in a polluted land: and Israel shall surely go into captivity forth of his land.
Micah 2:6-7 Prophesy ye not, [say they to them that] prophesy: they shall not prophesy to them, [that] they shall not take shame. ... O [thou that art] named the house of Jacob, is the spirit of the LORD straitened? [are] these his doings? do not my words do good to him that walketh uprightly?

and turn:

Proverbs 28:21 To have respect of persons [is] not good: for for a piece of bread [that] man will transgress.
Ezekiel 13:19 And will ye pollute me among my people for handfuls of barley and for pieces of bread, to slay the souls that should not die, and to save the souls alive that should not live, by your lying to my people that hear [your] lies?
Amos 5:11-12 Forasmuch therefore as your treading [is] upon the poor, and ye take from him burdens of wheat: ye have built houses of hewn stone, but ye shall not dwell in them; ye have planted pleasant vineyards, but ye shall not drink wine of them. ... For I know your manifold transgressions and your mighty sins: they afflict the just, they take a bribe, and they turn aside the poor in the gate [from their right].
Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in [his] wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger [from his right], and fear not me, saith the LORD of hosts.
Matthew 26:15 And said [unto them], What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you? And they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver.
Acts 3:14 But ye denied the Holy One and the Just, and desired a murderer to be granted unto you;
James 5:6 Ye have condemned [and] killed the just; [and] he doth not resist you.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jg 12:6. Pv 28:21. Jr 18:18; 20:7; 26:2. Ezk 13:19. Am 5:10, 11; 7:10. Mi 2:6. Mal 3:5. Mt 22:15; 26:15. Lk 11:53. Ac 3:14. Jm 5:6.

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