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Isaiah 29:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— then will I distress Ariel, and there shall be mourning and lamentation; and she shall be unto me as Ariel.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Yet I will distress Ariel, and there shall be heaviness and sorrow: and it shall be unto me as Ariel.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I will bring distress to Ariel, And she will be [a city of] lamenting and mourning; And she will be like an Ariel to me.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Yet I will distress Ariel, and there shall be heaviness and sorrow; and it shall be to me as Ariel.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But I will distress Ariel, and there shall be sorrow and sadness; and it shall be unto me as an Ariel.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Yet will I bring Ariel into straits,—And she shall become a bewailing and wailing, Yea she shall become to me a veritable Hearth of God.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And I have sent distress to Ariel, And it hath been lamentation and mourning, And it hath been to me as Ariel.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I will make a trench about Ariel, and it shall be in sorrow and mourning, and it shall be to me as Ariel.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Yet I will distresse Ariel, and there shalbe heauinesse and sorrow; and it shall be vnto mee as Ariel.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For I will grievously afflict Ariel: and her strength and her wealth shall be mine.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Yet I will distress Ariel, and there shall be heaviness and sorrow: and it shall be unto me as Ariel.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Yet I will distress 6693
{6693} Prime
A primitive root; to compress, that is, (figuratively) oppress, distress.
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
rl אֲרִיאֵל, 740
{0740} Prime
The same as H0739; Ariel, a symbolical name for Jerusalem, also the name of an Israelite.
and there shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
heaviness 8386
{8386} Prime
From H0578; lamentation.
and sorrow: 592
{0592} Prime
From H0578; groaning.
and it shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
unto me as rl אֲרִיאֵל. 740
{0740} Prime
The same as H0739; Ariel, a symbolical name for Jerusalem, also the name of an Israelite.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 29:2

_ _ Yet — rather, “Then.”

_ _ heaviness ... sorrow — rather, preserving the Hebrew paronomasia, “groaning” and “moaning.”

_ _ as Ariel — either, “the city shall be as a lion of God,” that is, it shall emerge from its dangers unvanquished; or “it shall be as the altar of burnt offering,” consuming with fire the besiegers (Isaiah 29:6; Isaiah 30:30; Isaiah 31:9; Leviticus 10:2); or best, as Isaiah 29:3 continues the threat, and the promise of deliverance does not come till Isaiah 29:4, “it shall be like a hearth of burning,” that is, a scene of devastation by fire [G. V. Smith]. The prophecy, probably, contemplates ultimately, besides the affliction and deliverance in Sennacherib’s time, the destruction of Jerusalem by Rome, the dispersion of the Jews, their restoration, the destruction of the enemies that besiege the city (Zechariah 14:2), and the final glory of Israel (Isaiah 29:17-24).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 29:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 29:2

Yet I will distress Ariel, and there shall be heaviness and sorrow: and it shall be to me (c) as Ariel.

(c) Your city will be full of blood as an altar on which they sacrifice.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I will:

Isaiah 5:25-30 Therefore is the anger of the LORD kindled against his people, and he hath stretched forth his hand against them, and hath smitten them: and the hills did tremble, and their carcases [were] torn in the midst of the streets. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand [is] stretched out still. ... And in that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea: and if [one] look unto the land, behold darkness [and] sorrow, and the light is darkened in the heavens thereof.
Isaiah 10:5-6 O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, and the staff in their hand is mine indignation. ... I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, to take the spoil, and to take the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the streets.
Isaiah 10:32 As yet shall he remain at Nob that day: he shall shake his hand [against] the mount of the daughter of Zion, the hill of Jerusalem.
Isaiah 17:14 And behold at eveningtide trouble; [and] before the morning he [is] not. This [is] the portion of them that spoil us, and the lot of them that rob us.
Isaiah 24:1-12 Behold, the LORD maketh the earth empty, and maketh it waste, and turneth it upside down, and scattereth abroad the inhabitants thereof. ... In the city is left desolation, and the gate is smitten with destruction.
Isaiah 33:7-9 Behold, their valiant ones shall cry without: the ambassadors of peace shall weep bitterly. ... The earth mourneth [and] languisheth: Lebanon is ashamed [and] hewn down: Sharon is like a wilderness; and Bashan and Carmel shake off [their fruits].
Isaiah 36:22 Then came Eliakim, the son of Hilkiah, that [was] over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah, the son of Asaph, the recorder, to Hezekiah with [their] clothes rent, and told him the words of Rabshakeh.
Isaiah 37:3 And they said unto him, Thus saith Hezekiah, This day [is] a day of trouble, and of rebuke, and of blasphemy: for the children are come to the birth, and [there is] not strength to bring forth.
Jeremiah 32:28-32 Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will give this city into the hand of the Chaldeans, and into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and he shall take it: ... Because of all the evil of the children of Israel and of the children of Judah, which they have done to provoke me to anger, they, their kings, their princes, their priests, and their prophets, and the men of Judah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
Jeremiah 39:4-5 And it came to pass, [that] when Zedekiah the king of Judah saw them, and all the men of war, then they fled, and went forth out of the city by night, by the way of the king's garden, by the gate betwixt the two walls: and he went out the way of the plain. ... But the Chaldeans' army pursued after them, and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho: and when they had taken him, they brought him up to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath, where he gave judgment upon him.

and it shall:
Or, as Bp. Lowth renders, "and it shall be unto me as the hearth of the great altar;" that is, it shall be the seat of the fire of God, which shall issue from thence to consume his enemies. The hearth of the altar is expressly called ariel by Ezekiel,
Ezekiel 43:15 So the altar [shall be] four cubits; and from the altar and upward [shall be] four horns.
; which is put, in the former part of the verse, for Jerusalem, the city in which the altar was. The subject of this and the four following chapters, says Bp. Lowth, is the invasion of Sennacherib; the great distress of the Jews while it continued; their sudden and unexpected deliverance by God's immediate and miraculous interposition on their behalf; the subsequent prosperous state of the kingdom under Hezekiah; interspersed with severe reproofs and threats of punishment for their hypocrisy, stupidity, infidelity, their want of trust in God, and their vain reliance on the assistance of Egypt; and with promises of better times, both immediately to succeed, and to be expected in the future age.
Isaiah 34:6 The sword of the LORD is filled with blood, it is made fat with fatness, [and] with the blood of lambs and goats, with the fat of the kidneys of rams: for the LORD hath a sacrifice in Bozrah, and a great slaughter in the land of Idumea.
Ezekiel 22:31 Therefore have I poured out mine indignation upon them; I have consumed them with the fire of my wrath: their own way have I recompensed upon their heads, saith the Lord GOD.
Ezekiel 24:3-13 And utter a parable unto the rebellious house, and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Set on a pot, set [it] on, and also pour water into it: ... In thy filthiness [is] lewdness: because I have purged thee, and thou wast not purged, thou shalt not be purged from thy filthiness any more, till I have caused my fury to rest upon thee.
Ezekiel 39:17 And, thou son of man, thus saith the Lord GOD; Speak unto every feathered fowl, and to every beast of the field, Assemble yourselves, and come; gather yourselves on every side to my sacrifice that I do sacrifice for you, [even] a great sacrifice upon the mountains of Israel, that ye may eat flesh, and drink blood.
Zephaniah 1:7-8 Hold thy peace at the presence of the Lord GOD: for the day of the LORD [is] at hand: for the LORD hath prepared a sacrifice, he hath bid his guests. ... And it shall come to pass in the day of the LORD'S sacrifice, that I will punish the princes, and the king's children, and all such as are clothed with strange apparel.
Revelation 19:17-18 And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God; ... That ye may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of captains, and the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses, and of them that sit on them, and the flesh of all [men, both] free and bond, both small and great.
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Is 5:25; 10:5, 32; 17:14; 24:1; 33:7; 34:6; 36:22; 37:3. Jr 32:28; 39:4. Ezk 22:31; 24:3; 39:17; 43:15. Zp 1:7. Rv 19:17.

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