Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

Isaiah 28:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And even these reel with wine, and stagger with strong drink; the priest and the prophet reel with strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they stagger with strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble in judgment.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble [in] judgment.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And these also reel with wine and stagger from strong drink: The priest and the prophet reel with strong drink, They are confused by wine, they stagger from strong drink; They reel while having visions, They totter [when rendering] judgment.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are overwhelmed with wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble [in] judgment.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But these also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are they gone astray. The priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink; they are overpowered by wine, they are gone astray through strong drink; they have erred in vision, they have stumbled [in] judgment.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, as for these, With wine, do they reel, and, With strong drink, do they stagger,—Priest and prophet, reel with strong drink, They are swallowed up through wine, They stagger through strong drink, They reel in prophetic vision, They totter in pronouncing judgment.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And even these through wine have erred, And through strong drink have wandered, Priest and prophet erred through strong drink, They have been swallowed up of the wine, They wandered because of the strong drink, They have erred in seeing, They have stumbled judicially.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But these also have been ignorant through wine, and through drunkenness have erred: the priest and the prophet have been ignorant through drunkenness, they are swallowed up with wine, they have gone astray in drunkenness, they have not known him that seeth, they have been ignorant of judgment.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But they also haue erred through wine, and through strong drinke are out of the way: the priest and the prophet haue erred through strong drinke, they are swallowed vp of wine: they are out of the way through strong drinke, they erre in vision, they stumble [in] iudgement.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For these have trespassed through wine; they have erred through strong drink: the priest and the prophet are mad through strong drink, they are swallowed up by reason of wine, they have staggered through drunkenness; they have erred: this is [their] vision.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble [in] judgment.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But they 428
{0428} Prime
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
also x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
have erred 7686
{7686} Prime
שָׁגָה
shagah
{shaw-gaw'}
A primitive root; to stray (causatively mislead), usually (figuratively) to mistake, especially (morally) to transgress; by extension (through the idea of intoxication) to reel, (figuratively) be enraptured.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
through wine, 3196
{3196} Prime
יַיִן
yayin
{yah'-yin}
From an unused root meaning to effervesce; wine (as fermented); by implication intoxication.
and through strong drink 7941
{7941} Prime
שֵׁכָר
shekar
{shay-kawr'}
From H7937; an intoxicant, that is, intensely alcoholic liquor.
are out of the way; 8582
{8582} Prime
תָּעָה
ta`ah
{taw-aw'}
A primitive root; to vacillate, that is, reel or stray (literally or figuratively); also causatively of both.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the priest 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
and the prophet 5030
{5030} Prime
נָבִיא
nabiy'
{naw-bee'}
From H5012; a prophet or (generally) inspired man.
have erred 7686
{7686} Prime
שָׁגָה
shagah
{shaw-gaw'}
A primitive root; to stray (causatively mislead), usually (figuratively) to mistake, especially (morally) to transgress; by extension (through the idea of intoxication) to reel, (figuratively) be enraptured.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
through strong drink, 7941
{7941} Prime
שֵׁכָר
shekar
{shay-kawr'}
From H7937; an intoxicant, that is, intensely alcoholic liquor.
they are swallowed up 1104
{1104} Prime
בּלע
bala`
{beh'-lah}
A primitive root; to make away with (specifically by swallowing); generally to destroy.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
of 4480
{4480} Prime
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
wine, 3196
{3196} Prime
יַיִן
yayin
{yah'-yin}
From an unused root meaning to effervesce; wine (as fermented); by implication intoxication.
they are out of the way 8582
{8582} Prime
תָּעָה
ta`ah
{taw-aw'}
A primitive root; to vacillate, that is, reel or stray (literally or figuratively); also causatively of both.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
through x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
strong drink; 7941
{7941} Prime
שֵׁכָר
shekar
{shay-kawr'}
From H7937; an intoxicant, that is, intensely alcoholic liquor.
they err 7686
{7686} Prime
שָׁגָה
shagah
{shaw-gaw'}
A primitive root; to stray (causatively mislead), usually (figuratively) to mistake, especially (morally) to transgress; by extension (through the idea of intoxication) to reel, (figuratively) be enraptured.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
in vision, 7203
{7203} Prime
רֹאֶה
ro'eh
{ro-eh'}
Active participle of H7200; a seer (as often rendered); but also (abstractly) a vision.
they stumble 6328
{6328} Prime
פּוּק
puwq
{pook}
A primitive root; to waver.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
[in] judgment. 6417
{6417} Prime
פְּלִילִיָּה
p@liyliyah
{pel-ee-lee-yaw'}
Feminine of H6416; judicature.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 28:5-13.


Isaiah 28:7

_ _ Though Judah is to survive the fall of Ephraim, yet “they also” (the men of Judah) have perpetrated like sins to those of Samaria (Isaiah 5:3, Isaiah 5:11), which must be chastised by God.

_ _ erred ... are out of the way — “stagger ... reel.” Repeated, to express the frequency of the vice.

_ _ priest ... prophet — If the ministers of religion sin so grievously, how much more the other rulers (Isaiah 56:10, Isaiah 56:12)!

_ _ vision — even in that most sacred function of the prophet to declare God’s will revealed to them.

_ _ judgment — The priests had the administration of the law committed to them (Deuteronomy 17:9; Deuteronomy 19:17). It was against the law for the priests to take wine before entering the tabernacle (Leviticus 10:9; Ezekiel 44:21).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 28:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 28:7

But — Judah is guilty of the same sins with Israel, therefore they also must expect the same calamities; of which he speaks afterward. The prophet — The teachers, who should have been patterns of sobriety to the people. They err — The prophets miscarry in their sacred employment. Stumble — The priests mistake in pronouncing the sentence of the law, which was their duty.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 28:7

But (g) they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are overwhelmed with wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble [in] judgment.

(g) Meaning, the hypocrites who were among them, and were altogether corrupt in life and doctrine, which is here meant by drunkenness and vomiting.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
erred:

Isaiah 19:14 The LORD hath mingled a perverse spirit in the midst thereof: and they have caused Egypt to err in every work thereof, as a drunken [man] staggereth in his vomit.
Isaiah 56:10-12 His watchmen [are] blind: they are all ignorant, they [are] all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber. ... Come ye, [say they], I will fetch wine, and we will fill ourselves with strong drink; and to morrow shall be as this day, [and] much more abundant.
Leviticus 10:9-10 Do not drink wine nor strong drink, thou, nor thy sons with thee, when ye go into the tabernacle of the congregation, lest ye die: [it shall be] a statute for ever throughout your generations: ... And that ye may put difference between holy and unholy, and between unclean and clean;
Proverbs 20:1 Wine [is] a mocker, strong drink [is] raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.
Proverbs 31:4-5 [It is] not for kings, O Lemuel, [it is] not for kings to drink wine; nor for princes strong drink: ... Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted.
Ecclesiastes 10:17 Blessed [art] thou, O land, when thy king [is] the son of nobles, and thy princes eat in due season, for strength, and not for drunkenness!
Ezekiel 44:21 Neither shall any priest drink wine, when they enter into the inner court.
Hosea 4:11 Whoredom and wine and new wine take away the heart.
Micah 2:11 If a man walking in the spirit and falsehood do lie, [saying], I will prophesy unto thee of wine and of strong drink; he shall even be the prophet of this people.
Matthew 24:29 Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:
Luke 21:34 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and [so] that day come upon you unawares.
Ephesians 5:28 So ought men to love their wives as their own bodies. He that loveth his wife loveth himself.

are swallowed:

Psalms 107:27 They reel to and fro, and stagger like a drunken man, and are at their wits' end.
*marg.

err in:

Isaiah 3:12 [As for] my people, children [are] their oppressors, and women rule over them. O my people, they which lead thee cause [thee] to err, and destroy the way of thy paths.
Isaiah 9:16 For the leaders of this people cause [them] to err; and [they that are] led of them [are] destroyed.
Jeremiah 14:14 Then the LORD said unto me, The prophets prophesy lies in my name: I sent them not, neither have I commanded them, neither spake unto them: they prophesy unto you a false vision and divination, and a thing of nought, and the deceit of their heart.
Jeremiah 23:13 And I have seen folly in the prophets of Samaria; they prophesied in Baal, and caused my people Israel to err.
Jeremiah 23:16 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, Hearken not unto the words of the prophets that prophesy unto you: they make you vain: they speak a vision of their own heart, [and] not out of the mouth of the LORD.
Lamentations 2:4 He hath bent his bow like an enemy: he stood with his right hand as an adversary, and slew all [that were] pleasant to the eye in the tabernacle of the daughter of Zion: he poured out his fury like fire.
Ezekiel 13:7 Have ye not seen a vain vision, and have ye not spoken a lying divination, whereas ye say, The LORD saith [it]; albeit I have not spoken?
Hosea 4:12 My people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declareth unto them: for the spirit of whoredoms hath caused [them] to err, and they have gone a whoring from under their God.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 10:9. Ps 107:27. Pv 20:1; 31:4. Ec 10:17. Is 3:12; 9:16; 19:14; 56:10. Jr 14:14; 23:13, 16. Lm 2:4. Ezk 13:7; 44:21. Ho 4:11, 12. Mi 2:11. Mt 24:29. Lk 21:34. Ep 5:28.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Isaiah 28:7.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Isaiah 28:7


Recent Chat Bible Comments