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Isaiah 28:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and a spirit of justice to him that sitteth in judgment, and strength to them that turn back the battle at the gate.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And for a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment, and for strength to them that turn the battle to the gate.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— A spirit of justice for him who sits in judgment, A strength to those who repel the onslaught at the gate.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And for a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment, and for strength to them that turn the battle to the gate.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and for a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment, and for strength to them that turn the battle to the gate.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Even a spirit of justice—to him that presideth over justice, And strength to them who would turn back the battle at the gate.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And for a spirit of judgment To him who is sitting in the judgment, And for might [to] those turning back the battle to the gate.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment, and strength to them that return out of the battle to the gate.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And for a spirit of iudgement to him that sitteth in iudgement, and for strength to them that turne the battell to the gate.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— They shall be left in the spirit of judgement for judgement, and for the strength of them that hinder slaying.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And for a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment, and for strength to them that turn the battle to the gate.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And for a spirit 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
of judgment 4941
{4941} Prime
מִשְׁפָּט
mishpat
{mish-pawt'}
From H8199; properly a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (particularly) divine law, individual or collectively), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly justice, including a particular right, or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style.
to him that sitteth 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
in x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
judgment, 4941
{4941} Prime
מִשְׁפָּט
mishpat
{mish-pawt'}
From H8199; properly a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (particularly) divine law, individual or collectively), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly justice, including a particular right, or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style.
and for strength 1369
{1369} Prime
גְּבוּרָה
g@buwrah
{gheb-oo-raw'}
Feminine passive participle from the same as H1368; force (literally or figuratively); by implication valor, victory.
to them that turn 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
the battle 4421
{4421} Prime
מִלְחָמָה
milchamah
{mil-khaw-maw'}
From H3898 (in the sense of fighting); a battle (that is, the engagement); generally war (that is, warfare).
to the gate. 8179
{8179} Prime
שַׁעַר
sha`ar
{shah'-ar}
From H8176 in its original sense; an opening, that is, door or gate.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 28:5-13.


Isaiah 28:6

_ _ Jehovah will inspire their magistrates with justice, and their soldiers with strength of spirit.

_ _ turn ... battle to ... gate — the defenders of their country who not only repel the foe from themselves, but drive him to the gates of his own cities (2 Samuel 11:23; 2 Kings 18:8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 28:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 28:6

To them — Who not only drive their enemies from their land, but pursue them into their own lands, and besiege them in their own cities.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 28:6

And for a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment, and for (f) strength to them that turn the battle to the gate.

(f) He will give counsel to the governor and strength to the captain to drive the enemies in at their own gates.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
for a spirit:

Isaiah 11:2-4 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD; ... But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.
Isaiah 32:15-16 Until the spirit be poured upon us from on high, and the wilderness be a fruitful field, and the fruitful field be counted for a forest. ... Then judgment shall dwell in the wilderness, and righteousness remain in the fruitful field.
Genesis 41:38-39 And Pharaoh said unto his servants, Can we find [such a one] as this [is], a man in whom the Spirit of God [is]? ... And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Forasmuch as God hath shewed thee all this, [there is] none so discreet and wise as thou [art]:
Numbers 11:16-17 And the LORD said unto Moses, Gather unto me seventy men of the elders of Israel, whom thou knowest to be the elders of the people, and officers over them; and bring them unto the tabernacle of the congregation, that they may stand there with thee. ... And I will come down and talk with thee there: and I will take of the spirit which [is] upon thee, and will put [it] upon them; and they shall bear the burden of the people with thee, that thou bear [it] not thyself alone.
Numbers 27:16-18 Let the LORD, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation, ... And the LORD said unto Moses, Take thee Joshua the son of Nun, a man in whom [is] the spirit, and lay thine hand upon him;
1 Kings 3:28 And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had judged; and they feared the king: for they saw that the wisdom of God [was] in him, to do judgment.
Psalms 72:1-4 [[[A Psalm] for Solomon.]] Give the king thy judgments, O God, and thy righteousness unto the king's son. ... He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor.
Proverbs 20:8 A king that sitteth in the throne of judgment scattereth away all evil with his eyes.
John 3:34 For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God: for God giveth not the Spirit by measure [unto him].
John 5:30 I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me.
1 Corinthians 12:8 For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;

and for strength:

Deuteronomy 20:4 For the LORD your God [is] he that goeth with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to save you.
Joshua 1:9 Have not I commanded thee? Be strong and of a good courage; be not afraid, neither be thou dismayed: for the LORD thy God [is] with thee whithersoever thou goest.
Psalms 18:32-34 [It is] God that girdeth me with strength, and maketh my way perfect. ... He teacheth my hands to war, so that a bow of steel is broken by mine arms.
Psalms 46:1 [[To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, A Song upon Alamoth.]] God [is] our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble.
Psalms 46:11 The LORD of hosts [is] with us; the God of Jacob [is] our refuge. Selah.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 41:38. Nu 11:16; 27:16. Dt 20:4. Jsh 1:9. 1K 3:28. Ps 18:32; 46:1, 11; 72:1. Pv 20:8. Is 11:2; 32:15. Jn 3:34; 5:30. 1Co 12:8.

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