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Isaiah 28:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— therefore thus saith the Lord Jehovah, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner-[stone] of sure foundation: he that believeth shall not be in haste.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner [stone], a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore thus says the Lord GOD, “Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone, a tested stone, A costly cornerstone [for] the foundation, firmly placed. He who believes [in it] will not be disturbed.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner [stone], a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Therefore thus saith the Lord Jehovah: Behold, I lay for foundation in Zion a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner-stone, a sure foundation: he that trusteth shall not make haste.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Therefore, Thus, saith My Lord, Yahweh, Behold me! founding in Zion, a stone, A stone of testing, The costly corner of a well-laid foundation, He that trusteth, shall not make haste!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Therefore, thus said the Lord Jehovah: 'Lo, I am laying a foundation in Zion, A stone—a tried stone, a corner stone precious, a settled foundation, He who is believing doth not make haste.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Therefore thus saith the Lord God: Behold I will lay a stone in the foundations of Sion, a tried stone, a corner stone, a precious stone, founded in the foundation. He that believeth, let him not hasten.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Beholde, I lay in Zion for a foundation, a stone, a tryed stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: hee that beleeueth, shall not make haste.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Therefore thus saith the Lord, [even] the Lord, Behold, I lay for the foundations of Zion{gr.Sion} a costly stone, a choice, a corner-stone, a precious [stone], for its foundations; and he that believes [on him] shall by no means be ashamed.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Therefore thus saith Adonay Yahweh, Behold, I lay in Tziyyon for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner [stone], a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Therefore x3651
(3651) Complement
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
thus x3541
(3541) Complement
כֹּה
koh
{ko}
From the prefix K and H1931; properly like this, that is, by implication (of manner) thus (or so); also (of place) here (or hither); or (of time) now.
saith 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
ny אֲדֹנָי 136
{0136} Prime
אֲדֹנָי
'Adonay
{ad-o-noy'}
An emphatic form of H0113; the Lord (used as a proper name of God only).
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3069
{3069} Prime
יֱהוִה
Y@hovih
{yeh-ho-vee'}
A variation of H3068 (used after H0136, and pronounced by Jews as H0430, in order to prevent the repetition of the same sound, since they elsewhere pronounce H3068 as H0136).
Behold, x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
I lay 3245
{3245} Prime
יָסַד
yacad
{yaw-sad'}
A primitive root; to set (literally or figuratively); intensively to found; reflexively to sit down together, that is, settle, consult.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
in Xiyyn צִיּוֹן 6726
{6726} Prime
צִיּוֹן
Tsiyown
{tsee-yone'}
The same (regular) as H6725; Tsijon (as a permanent capital), a mountain of Jerusalem.
for a foundation x3245
(3245) Complement
יָסַד
yacad
{yaw-sad'}
A primitive root; to set (literally or figuratively); intensively to found; reflexively to sit down together, that is, settle, consult.
a stone, 68
{0068} Prime
אֶבֶן
'eben
{eh'-ben}
From the root of H1129 through the meaning, to build; a stone.
a tried 976
{0976} Prime
בֹּחַן
bochan
{bo'-khan}
From H0974; trial.
stone, 68
{0068} Prime
אֶבֶן
'eben
{eh'-ben}
From the root of H1129 through the meaning, to build; a stone.
a precious 3368
{3368} Prime
יָקָר
yaqar
{yaw-kawr'}
From H3365; valuable (objectively or subjectively).
corner 6438
{6438} Prime
פִּנָּה
pinnah
{pin-naw'}
Feminine of H6434; an angle; by implication a pinnacle; figuratively a chieftain.
[stone], a sure 3245
{3245} Prime
יָסַד
yacad
{yaw-sad'}
A primitive root; to set (literally or figuratively); intensively to found; reflexively to sit down together, that is, settle, consult.
z8716
<8716> Grammar
Stem - Hophal (See H8825)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 113
foundation: 4143
{4143} Prime
מוּסָד
muwcad
{moo-sawd'}
From H3245; a foundation.
he that believeth 539
{0539} Prime
אָמַן
'aman
{aw-man'}
A primitive root; properly to build up or support; to foster as a parent or nurse; figuratively to render (or be) firm or faithful, to trust or believe, to be permanent or quiet; morally to be true or certain; once (in Isaiah 30:21; by interchange for H0541) to go to the right hand.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
make haste. 2363
{2363} Prime
חוּשׁ
chuwsh
{koosh}
A primitive root; to hurry; figuratively to be eager with excitement or enjoyment.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 28:16

_ _ Literally, “Behold Me as Him who has laid”; namely, in My divine counsel (Revelation 13:8); none save I could lay it (Isaiah 63:5).

_ _ stoneJesus Christ; Hezekiah [Maurer], or the temple [Ewald], do not realize the full significancy of the language; but only in type point to Him, in whom the prophecy receives its exhaustive accomplishment; whether Isaiah understood its fullness or not (1 Peter 1:11, 1 Peter 1:12), the Holy Ghost plainly contemplated its fulfillment in Christ alone; so in Isaiah 32:1; compare Genesis 49:24; Psalms 118:22; Matthew 21:42; Romans 10:11; Ephesians 2:20.

_ _ tried — both by the devil (Luke 4:1-13) and by men (Luke 20:1-38), and even by God (Matthew 27:46); a stone of tested solidity to bear the vast superstructure of man’s redemption. The tested righteousness of Christ gives its peculiar merit to His vicarious sacrifice. The connection with the context is, though a “scourge” shall visit Judea (Isaiah 28:15), yet God’s gracious purpose as to the elect remnant, and His kingdom of which “Zion” shall be the center, shall not fail, because its rests on Messiah (Matthew 7:24, Matthew 7:25; 2 Timothy 2:19).

_ _ precious — literally, “of preciousness,” so in the Greek, (1 Peter 2:7). He is preciousness.

_ _ corner-stone — (1 Kings 5:17; 1 Kings 7:9; Job 38:6); the stone laid at the corner where two walls meet and connecting them; often costly.

_ _ make haste — flee in hasty alarm; but the Septuagint has “be ashamed”; so Romans 9:33, and 1 Peter 2:6, “be confounded,” substantially the same idea; he who rests on Him shall not have the shame of disappointment, nor flee in sudden panic (see Isaiah 30:15; Isaiah 32:17).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 28:14-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 28:16

Therefore — Because your refuges are so vain, and deceitful; therefore I will direct you to a surer refuge, which God hath laid in Zion. But if you despise that refuge; then know, that I will lay judgment to the line, &c. I lay — I have promised it, and will, in the fulness of time, perform it. In Zion — In my church. A foundation — Upon which I will build my church. A stone — The Messiah. Tried — Which I have tried, and approved as every way sufficient. Corner — stone — Uniting the several parts of the building together. Sure — Upon whom you may securely rest. Believeth — This promise. Shall not — Hastily catch at any way of escaping danger, but shall patiently wait upon God in his way, 'till he deliver him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 28:16

Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a (r) tried stone, a precious corner [stone], a sure foundation: he that believeth (s) shall not make haste.

(r) That is, Christ, by whom all the building must be tried and upheld, (Psalms 118:22; Matthew 21:42; Acts 4:11; Romans 9:33; 1 Peter 2:6).

(s) He will be quiet, and seek no other remedies, but be content with Christ.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Behold:

Isaiah 8:14 And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
Genesis 49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him [shall] the gathering of the people [be].
Genesis 49:24 But his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty [God] of Jacob; (from thence [is] the shepherd, the stone of Israel:)
Psalms 118:22 The stone [which] the builders refused is become the head [stone] of the corner.
Zechariah 3:9 For behold the stone that I have laid before Joshua; upon one stone [shall be] seven eyes: behold, I will engrave the graving thereof, saith the LORD of hosts, and I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day.
Matthew 21:42 Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?
Mark 12:10 And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner:
Luke 20:17-18 And he beheld them, and said, What is this then that is written, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner? ... Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
Acts 4:11-12 This is the stone which was set at nought of you builders, which is become the head of the corner. ... Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.
Romans 9:33 As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
Romans 10:11 For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
1 Corinthians 3:11 For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ.
Ephesians 2:20 And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner [stone];
1 Peter 2:6-8 Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded. ... And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, [even to them] which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.

he that:

Isaiah 30:18 And therefore will the LORD wait, that he may be gracious unto you, and therefore will he be exalted, that he may have mercy upon you: for the LORD [is] a God of judgment: blessed [are] all they that wait for him.
Psalms 112:7-8 He shall not be afraid of evil tidings: his heart is fixed, trusting in the LORD. ... His heart [is] established, he shall not be afraid, until he see [his desire] upon his enemies.
Habakkuk 2:3-4 For the vision [is] yet for an appointed time, but at the end it shall speak, and not lie: though it tarry, wait for it; because it will surely come, it will not tarry. ... Behold, his soul [which] is lifted up is not upright in him: but the just shall live by his faith.
James 5:7-8 Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath long patience for it, until he receive the early and latter rain. ... Be ye also patient; stablish your hearts: for the coming of the Lord draweth nigh.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 49:10, 24. Ps 112:7; 118:22. Is 8:14; 30:18. Hab 2:3. Zc 3:9. Mt 21:42. Mk 12:10. Lk 20:17. Ac 4:11. Ro 9:33; 10:11. 1Co 3:11. Ep 2:20. Jm 5:7. 1P 2:6.

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