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Isaiah 23:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And her merchandise and her hire shall be holiness to Jehovah: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before Jehovah, to eat sufficiently, and for durable clothing.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And her merchandise and her hire shall be holiness to the LORD: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before the LORD, to eat sufficiently, and for durable clothing.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Her gain and her harlot’s wages will be set apart to the LORD; it will not be stored up or hoarded, but her gain will become sufficient food and choice attire for those who dwell in the presence of the LORD.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And her merchandise and her hire shall be holiness to the LORD: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before the LORD, for sufficient food, and for durable clothing.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And her merchandise and her hire shall be holy to Jehovah: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before Jehovah, to eat and be sufficed, and for excellent clothing.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, her merchandise and her hire, shall be hallowed unto Yahweh, It shall not be stored up, nor hoarded,—For, to them who dwell before Yahweh, shall her merchandise belong, That they may eat to satisfaction, And have stately apparel.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And her merchandise and her gift have been holy to Jehovah, Not treasured up nor stored, For to those sitting before Jehovah is her merchandise, To eat to satiety, and for a lasting covering!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And her merchandise and her hire shall be sanctified to the Lord: they shall not be kept in store, nor laid up: for her merchandise shall be for them that shall dwell before the Lord, that they may eat unto fulness, and be clothed for a continuance.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And her merchandize and her hire shall be holinesse to the LORD: it shall not be treasured nor laid vp: for her merchandize shalbe for them that dwell before the LORD, to eate sufficiently, and for durable clothing.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And her trade and her gain shall be holiness to the Lord: it shall not be gathered for them, but for those that dwell before the Lord, [even] all her trade, to eat and drink and be filled, and for a covenant [and] a memorial before the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And her merchandise and her hire shall be holiness to Yahweh: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before Yahweh, to eat sufficiently, and for durable clothing.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And her merchandise 5504
{5504} Prime
סַחַר
cachar
{sakh'-ar}
From H5503; profit (from trade).
and her hire 868
{0868} Prime
אֶתְנַן
'ethnan
{eth-nan'}
The same as H0866; a gift (as the price of harlotry or idolatry).
shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
holiness 6944
{6944} Prime
קֹדֶשׁ
qodesh
{ko'-desh}
From H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity.
to Yhw יָהוֶה: 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
it shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
be treasured 686
{0686} Prime
אָצַר
'atsar
{aw-tsar'}
A primitive root; to store up.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
nor x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
laid up; 2630
{2630} Prime
חָסַן
chacan
{khaw-san'}
A primitive root; properly to (be) compact; by implication to hoard.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
her merchandise 5504
{5504} Prime
סַחַר
cachar
{sakh'-ar}
From H5503; profit (from trade).
shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
for them that dwell 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
to eat 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
sufficiently, 7654
{7654} Prime
שָׂבְעָה
sob`ah
{sob-aw'}
Feminine of H7648; satiety.
and for durable 6266
{6266} Prime
עָתִיק
`athiyq
{aw-theek'}
From H6275; properly antique, that is, venerable or splendid.
clothing. 4374
{4374} Prime
מְכַסֶּה
m@kacceh
{mek-as-seh'}
From H3680; a covering, that is, garment; specifically a coverlet (for a bed), an awning (from the sun); also the omentum (as covering the intestines).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 23:18

_ _ merchandise ... holiness — Her traffic and gains shall at last (long after the restoration mentioned in Isaiah 23:17) be consecrated to Jehovah. Jesus Christ visited the neighborhood of Tyre (Matthew 15:21); Paul found disciples there (Acts 21:3-6); it early became a Christian bishopric, but the full evangelization of that whole race, as of the Ethiopians (Isaiah 18:1-7), of the Egyptians and Assyrians (Isaiah 19:1-25), is yet to come (Isaiah 60:5).

_ _ not treasured — but freely expended in His service.

_ _ them that dwell before the Lord — the ministers of religion. But Horsley translates, “them that sit before Jehovah” as disciples.

_ _ durable clothing — Changes of raiment constituted much of the wealth of former days.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 23:15-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 23:18

Holiness — This is a prophecy concerning the conversion of the Tyrians to the true religion. Laid up — Either out of covetousness, or for their pride and luxury, as they formerly did; but now they shall freely lay it out upon pious and charitable uses. Shall be — For the support and encouragement of the ministers of holy things, who shall teach the good knowledge of the Lord. Although this does not exclude, but rather imply their liberality in contributing to the necessities of all Christians.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 23:18

And her merchandise and her hire shall be (z) holiness to the LORD: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before the LORD, for sufficient food and for durable clothing.

(z) He shows that God yet by the preaching of the gospel will call Tyre to repentance and turn her heart from evil and filthy gain, to the true worshipping of God, and liberality toward his saints.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
her merchandise:

Isaiah 60:6-7 The multitude of camels shall cover thee, the dromedaries of Midian and Ephah; all they from Sheba shall come: they shall bring gold and incense; and they shall shew forth the praises of the LORD. ... All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee: they shall come up with acceptance on mine altar, and I will glorify the house of my glory.
2 Chronicles 2:7-9 Send me now therefore a man cunning to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass, and in iron, and in purple, and crimson, and blue, and that can skill to grave with the cunning men that [are] with me in Judah and in Jerusalem, whom David my father did provide. ... Even to prepare me timber in abundance: for the house which I am about to build [shall be] wonderful great.
2 Chronicles 2:11-16 Then Huram the king of Tyre answered in writing, which he sent to Solomon, Because the LORD hath loved his people, he hath made thee king over them. ... And we will cut wood out of Lebanon, as much as thou shalt need: and we will bring it to thee in floats by sea to Joppa; and thou shalt carry it up to Jerusalem.
Psalms 45:12 And the daughter of Tyre [shall be there] with a gift; [even] the rich among the people shall intreat thy favour.
Psalms 72:10 The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents: the kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer gifts.
Zechariah 14:20-21 In that day shall there be upon the bells of the horses, HOLINESS UNTO THE LORD; and the pots in the LORD'S house shall be like the bowls before the altar. ... Yea, every pot in Jerusalem and in Judah shall be holiness unto the LORD of hosts: and all they that sacrifice shall come and take of them, and seethe therein: and in that day there shall be no more the Canaanite in the house of the LORD of hosts.
Mark 3:8 And from Jerusalem, and from Idumaea, and [from] beyond Jordan; and they about Tyre and Sidon, a great multitude, when they had heard what great things he did, came unto him.
Acts 21:3-5 Now when we had discovered Cyprus, we left it on the left hand, and sailed into Syria, and landed at Tyre: for there the ship was to unlade her burden. ... And when we had accomplished those days, we departed and went our way; and they all brought us on our way, with wives and children, till [we were] out of the city: and we kneeled down on the shore, and prayed.

it shall:

Matthew 6:19-21 Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal: ... For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.
Luke 12:18-20 And he said, This will I do: I will pull down my barns, and build greater; and there will I bestow all my fruits and my goods. ... But God said unto him, [Thou] fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?
Luke 12:33 Sell that ye have, and give alms; provide yourselves bags which wax not old, a treasure in the heavens that faileth not, where no thief approacheth, neither moth corrupteth.
Luke 16:9-13 And I say unto you, Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when ye fail, they may receive you into everlasting habitations. ... No servant can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.

for them:

Deuteronomy 12:18-19 But thou must eat them before the LORD thy God in the place which the LORD thy God shall choose, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite that [is] within thy gates: and thou shalt rejoice before the LORD thy God in all that thou puttest thine hands unto. ... Take heed to thyself that thou forsake not the Levite as long as thou livest upon the earth.
Deuteronomy 26:12-14 When thou hast made an end of tithing all the tithes of thine increase the third year, [which is] the year of tithing, and hast given [it] unto the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, that they may eat within thy gates, and be filled; ... I have not eaten thereof in my mourning, neither have I taken away [ought] thereof for [any] unclean [use], nor given [ought] thereof for the dead: [but] I have hearkened to the voice of the LORD my God, [and] have done according to all that thou hast commanded me.
Proverbs 3:9-10 Honour the LORD with thy substance, and with the firstfruits of all thine increase: ... So shall thy barns be filled with plenty, and thy presses shall burst out with new wine.
Proverbs 13:22 A good [man] leaveth an inheritance to his children's children: and the wealth of the sinner [is] laid up for the just.
Proverbs 28:8 He that by usury and unjust gain increaseth his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor.
Ecclesiastes 2:26 For [God] giveth to a man that [is] good in his sight wisdom, and knowledge, and joy: but to the sinner he giveth travail, to gather and to heap up, that he may give to [him that is] good before God. This also [is] vanity and vexation of spirit.
Malachi 3:10 Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, saith the LORD of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that [there shall] not [be room] enough [to receive it].
Matthew 25:35-40 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in: ... And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done [it] unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done [it] unto me.
Luke 8:3 And Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others, which ministered unto him of their substance.
Acts 9:39 Then Peter arose and went with them. When he was come, they brought him into the upper chamber: and all the widows stood by him weeping, and shewing the coats and garments which Dorcas made, while she was with them.
Romans 15:25-27 But now I go unto Jerusalem to minister unto the saints. ... It hath pleased them verily; and their debtors they are. For if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, their duty is also to minister unto them in carnal things.
Galatians 6:6 Let him that is taught in the word communicate unto him that teacheth in all good things.
Philippians 4:17-18 Not because I desire a gift: but I desire fruit that may abound to your account. ... But I have all, and abound: I am full, having received of Epaphroditus the things [which were sent] from you, an odour of a sweet smell, a sacrifice acceptable, wellpleasing to God.

durable:
Heb. old
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 12:18; 26:12. 2Ch 2:7, 11. Ps 45:12; 72:10. Pv 3:9; 13:22; 28:8. Ec 2:26. Is 60:6. Zc 14:20. Mal 3:10. Mt 6:19; 25:35. Mk 3:8. Lk 8:3; 12:18, 33; 16:9. Ac 9:39; 21:3. Ro 15:25. Ga 6:6. Php 4:17.

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