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Isaiah 23:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Behold, the land of the Chaldeans: this people was not; the Assyrian founded it for them that dwell in the wilderness; they set up their towers; they overthrew the palaces thereof; they made it a ruin.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Behold the land of the Chaldeans; this people was not, [till] the Assyrian founded it for them that dwell in the wilderness: they set up the towers thereof, they raised up the palaces thereof; [and] he brought it to ruin.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Behold, the land of the Chaldeans—this is the people [which] was not; Assyria appointed it for desert creatures—they erected their siege towers, they stripped its palaces, they made it a ruin.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Behold the land of the Chaldeans; this people was not, [till] the Assyrian founded it for them that dwell in the wilderness: they set up its towers, they raised up its palaces; [and] he brought it to ruin.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Behold the land of the Chaldeans: this people did not exist; the Assyrian founded it for the dwellers in the desert: they set up their towers, they destroyed the palaces thereof; he brought it to ruin.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Lo! the land of the Chaldeans, This, is the people, that was not, Assyria, founded it for the inhabitants of the desert,—They set up its siege-towers, They demolished its palaces, Made it a ruin!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Lo, the land of the Chaldeans—this people was not, Asshur founded it for the Ziim, They raised its watch-towers, They lifted up her palaces,—He hath appointed her for a ruin!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Behold the land of the Chaldeans, there was not such a people, the Assyrians founded it: they have led away the strong ones thereof into captivity, they have destroyed the houses thereof, they have, brought it to ruin.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Behold, the land of the Caldeans, this people was not [till] the Assyrian founded it for them that dwel in the wildernesse: they set vp the towers thereof, they raised vp the palaces thereof, [and] he brought it to ruine.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And [if thou depart] to the land of the Chaldeans, this also is laid waste by the Assyrians, for her wall is fallen.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Behold the land of the Kasdim; this people was not, [till] the Ashshur founded it for them that dwell in the wilderness: they set up the towers thereof, they raised up the palaces thereof; [and] he brought it to ruin.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Behold x2005
(2005) Complement
הֵן
hen
{hane}
A primitive particle; lo! also (as expressing surprise) if.
the land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of the Ca$dm כַּשׂדִּים; 3778
{3778} Prime
כַּשְׂדִי
Kasdiy
{kas-dee'}
(Occasionally shown as the second form with enclitic; meaning towards the Kasdites); patronymic from H3777 (only in the plural); a Kasdite, or descendant of Kesed; by implication a Chaldaean (as if so descended); also an astrologer (as if proverbial of that people).
this x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
not, x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
[till] the Ar אַשּׁוּר 804
{0804} Prime
אַשּׁוּר
'Ashshuwr
{ash-shoor'}
Apparently from H0833 (in the sense of successful); Ashshur, the second son of Shem; also his descendants and the country occupied by them (that is, Assyria), its region and its empire.
founded 3245
{3245} Prime
יָסַד
yacad
{yaw-sad'}
A primitive root; to set (literally or figuratively); intensively to found; reflexively to sit down together, that is, settle, consult.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
it for them that dwell in the wilderness: 6728
{6728} Prime
צִיִּי
tsiyiy
{tsee-ee'}
From the same as H6723; a desert dweller, that is, nomad or wild beast.
they set up 6965
{6965} Prime
קוּם
quwm
{koom}
A primitive root; to rise (in various applications, literally, figuratively, intensively and causatively).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
the towers 971
{0971} Prime
בַּחוּן
bachiyn
{bakh-een'}
Another form of H0975; a watch tower of besiegers.
thereof, they raised up 6209
{6209} Prime
עָרַר
`arar
{aw-rar'}
A primitive root; to bare; figuratively to demolish.
z8782
<8782> Grammar
Stem - Poel (See H8845)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 11
the palaces 759
{0759} Prime
אַרְמוֹן
'armown
{ar-mone'}
From an unused root (meaning to be elevated); a citadel (from its height).
thereof; [and] he brought 7760
{7760} Prime
שׂוּם
suwm
{soom}
A primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literally, figuratively, inferentially and elliptically).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
it to ruin. 4654
{4654} Prime
מַפָּלָה
mappalah
{map-paw-law'}
From H5307; something fallen, that is, a ruin.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 23:13

_ _ Behold — Calling attention to the fact, so humiliating to Tyre, that a people of yesterday, like the Chaldees, should destroy the most ancient of cities, Tyre.

_ _ was not — had no existence as a recognized nation; the Chaldees were previously but a rude, predatory people (Job 1:17).

_ _ Assyrian founded it — The Chaldees (“them that dwell in the wilderness”) lived a nomadic life in the mountains of Armenia originally (Arphaxad, in Genesis 10:22, refers to such a region of Assyria near Armenia), north and east of Assyria proper. Some may have settled in Mesopotamia and Babylonia very early and given origin to the astrologers called Chaldees in later times. But most of the people had been transferred only a little before the time of this prophecy from their original seats in the north to Mesopotamia, and soon afterwards to South Babylonia. “Founded it,” means “assigned it (the land) to them who had (heretofore) dwelt in the wilderness” as a permanent settlement (so in Psalms 104:8) [Maurer]. It was the Assyrian policy to infuse into their own population of the plain the fresh blood of hardy mountaineers, for the sake of recruiting their armies. Ultimately the Chaldees, by their powerful priest-caste, gained the supremacy and established the later or Chaldean empire. Horsley refers it to Tyre, founded by an Assyrian race.

_ _ towers thereof — namely, of Babylon, whose towers, Herodotus says, were “set up” by the Assyrians [Barnes]. Rather, “The Chaldees set up their siege-towers” against Tyre, made for the attack of high walls, from which the besiegers hurled missiles, as depicted in the Assyrian sculptures [G. V. Smith].

_ _ raised up — rather, “They lay bare,” namely, the foundations of “her (Tyre’s) palaces,” that is, utterly overthrew them (Psalms 137:7).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 23:1-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 23:13

Behold — Thou Tyrians, cast your eyes upon the Chaldeans or Babylonians; who tho' now flourishing, grow far more glorious and potent, even the glory of kingdoms, yet shall certainly be brought to utter ruin. This people — The Chaldeans at first were not a people, not formed into any commonwealth or kingdom, 'till Nimrod, the head and founder of the Assyrian monarchy, built Babel, Genesis 10:9-10, now the head of the Chaldean monarchy; which he built for those people, who then lived in tents, and were dispersed here and there in waste places. He — The Lord. To ruin — Will infallibly bring that great empire to ruin. He speaks of a future thing as if it were already past.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 23:13

Behold the land of the Chaldeans; this people was not, [till] the (q) Assyrian founded it for them that dwell in the wilderness: they set up its towers, they raised up its palaces; [and] he (r) brought it to ruin.

(q) The Chaldeans who dwelt in tents in the wilderness were gathered by the Assyrians into cities.

(r) The people of the Chaldeans destroyed the Assyrians: by which the prophet means that seeing the Chaldaeans were able to overcome the Assyrians who were so great a nation, much more will these two nations of Chaldea and Assyria be able to overthrow Tyrus.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
land:

Isaiah 13:19 And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees' excellency, shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah.
Genesis 11:28 And Haran died before his father Terah in the land of his nativity, in Ur of the Chaldees.
Genesis 11:31 And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son's son, and Sarai his daughter in law, his son Abram's wife; and they went forth with them from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan; and they came unto Haran, and dwelt there.
Job 1:17 While he [was] yet speaking, there came also another, and said, The Chaldeans made out three bands, and fell upon the camels, and have carried them away, yea, and slain the servants with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.
Habakkuk 1:6 For, lo, I raise up the Chaldeans, [that] bitter and hasty nation, which shall march through the breadth of the land, to possess the dwellingplaces [that are] not theirs.
Acts 7:4 Then came he out of the land of the Chaldaeans, and dwelt in Charran: and from thence, when his father was dead, he removed him into this land, wherein ye now dwell.

the Assyrian:

Genesis 2:14 And the name of the third river [is] Hiddekel: that [is] it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river [is] Euphrates.
Genesis 10:10-11 And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. ... Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah,
Genesis 11:9 Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the LORD did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the LORD scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.
2 Kings 17:24 And the king of Assyria brought [men] from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed [them] in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel: and they possessed Samaria, and dwelt in the cities thereof.
2 Kings 20:12 At that time Berodachbaladan, the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a present unto Hezekiah: for he had heard that Hezekiah had been sick.
2 Chronicles 33:11 Wherefore the LORD brought upon them the captains of the host of the king of Assyria, which took Manasseh among the thorns, and bound him with fetters, and carried him to Babylon.
Ezra 4:9-10 Then [wrote] Rehum the chancellor, and Shimshai the scribe, and the rest of their companions; the Dinaites, the Apharsathchites, the Tarpelites, the Apharsites, the Archevites, the Babylonians, the Susanchites, the Dehavites, [and] the Elamites, ... And the rest of the nations whom the great and noble Asnappar brought over, and set in the cities of Samaria, and the rest [that are] on this side the river, and at such a time.
Daniel 4:30 The king spake, and said, Is not this great Babylon, that I have built for the house of the kingdom by the might of my power, and for the honour of my majesty?

for them:

Psalms 72:9 They that dwell in the wilderness shall bow before him; and his enemies shall lick the dust.

and he:

Ezekiel 26:7-21 For thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will bring upon Tyrus Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, a king of kings, from the north, with horses, and with chariots, and with horsemen, and companies, and much people. ... I will make thee a terror, and thou [shalt be] no [more]: though thou be sought for, yet shalt thou never be found again, saith the Lord GOD.
Ezekiel 29:18 Son of man, Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon caused his army to serve a great service against Tyrus: every head [was] made bald, and every shoulder [was] peeled: yet had he no wages, nor his army, for Tyrus, for the service that he had served against it:
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Gn 2:14; 10:10; 11:9, 28, 31. 2K 17:24; 20:12. 2Ch 33:11. Ezr 4:9. Jb 1:17. Ps 72:9. Is 13:19. Ezk 26:7; 29:18. Dn 4:30. Hab 1:6. Ac 7:4.

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