Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

Isaiah 23:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He hath stretched out his hand over the sea, he hath shaken the kingdoms: Jehovah hath given commandment concerning Canaan, to destroy the strongholds thereof.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He stretched out his hand over the sea, he shook the kingdoms: the LORD hath given a commandment against the merchant [city], to destroy the strong holds thereof.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He has stretched His hand out over the sea, He has made the kingdoms tremble; The LORD has given a command concerning Canaan to demolish its strongholds.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He stretched his hand over the sea, he shook the kingdoms: the LORD hath given a commandment against the merchant [city], to destroy its strong holds.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He hath stretched out his hand over the sea, he shaketh the kingdoms. Jehovah hath given a commandment concerning Canaan, to destroy the strongholds thereof,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— His hand, hath he stretched out over the sea, He hath shaken kingdoms,—Yahweh, hath given command against the Phoenician coast, To destroy her fortresses.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— His hand He hath stretched out over the sea, He hath caused kingdoms to tremble, Jehovah hath charged concerning the merchant one, To destroy her strong places.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He stretched out his hand over the sea, he troubled kingdoms: the Lord hath given a charge against Chanaan, to destroy the strong ones thereof.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He stretched out his hand ouer the sea, hee shooke the kingdomes: the LORD hath giuen a commandement against the merchant [citie], to destroy the strong holdes thereof.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And thy hand prevails no more by sea, which troubled kings: the Lord of hosts has given a command concerning Canaan{gr.Chanaan}, to destroy the strength thereof.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He stretched out his hand over the sea, he shook the kingdoms: Yahweh hath given a commandment against the merchant [city], to destroy the strong holds thereof.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He stretched out 5186
{5186} Prime
נָטָה
natah
{naw-taw'}
A primitive root; to stretch or spread out; by implication to bend away (including moral deflection); used in a great variety of applications.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
his hand 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
over x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the sea, 3220
{3220} Prime
יָם
yam
{yawm}
From an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article) the Mediterranean; sometimes a large river, or an artificial basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south.
he shook 7264
{7264} Prime
רָגַז
ragaz
{raw-gaz'}
A primitive root; to quiver (with any violent emotion, especially anger or fear).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
the kingdoms: 4467
{4467} Prime
מַמְלָכָה
mamlakah
{mam-law-kaw'}
From H4427; dominion, that is, (abstractly) the estate (rule) or (concretely) the country (realm).
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
hath given a commandment 6680
{6680} Prime
צוּה
tsavah
{tsaw-vaw'}
A primitive root; (intensively) to constitute, enjoin.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
against x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the merchant 3667
{3667} Prime
כְּנַעַן
K@na`an
{ken-ah'-an}
From H3665; humiliated; Kenaan, a son of Ham; also the country inhabited by him.
[city], to destroy 8045
{8045} Prime
שָׁמַד
shamad
{shaw-mad'}
A primitive root; to desolate.
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
the strong y4581
[4581] Standard
מָעוֹז
ma`owz
{maw-oze'}
From H5810; a fortified place; figuratively a defence.
holds 4581
{4581} Prime
מָעוֹז
ma`owz
{maw-oze'}
From H5810; a fortified place; figuratively a defence.
thereof.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 23:11

_ _ He — Jehovah.

_ _ kingdoms — the Phoenician cities and colonies.

_ _ the merchant city — rather, Canaan, meaning the north of it, namely, Phoenicia. On their coins, they call their country Canaan.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 23:1-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 23:11

He — The Lord. Shook — Heb. he made the kingdoms to tremble; the neighbouring and confederate kingdoms, who might justly quake at her fall, for the dreadfulness and unexpectedness of the thing; and because Tyre was a bulwark, and a refuge to them. A commandment — Hath put this design into the hearts of her enemies, and given them courage to attempt, and strength to execute it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
stretched:

Isaiah 2:19 And they shall go into the holes of the rocks, and into the caves of the earth, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake terribly the earth.
Isaiah 14:16-17 They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, [and] consider thee, [saying, Is] this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms; ... [That] made the world as a wilderness, and destroyed the cities thereof; [that] opened not the house of his prisoners?
Exodus 15:8-10 And with the blast of thy nostrils the waters were gathered together, the floods stood upright as an heap, [and] the depths were congealed in the heart of the sea. ... Thou didst blow with thy wind, the sea covered them: they sank as lead in the mighty waters.
Psalms 46:6 The heathen raged, the kingdoms were moved: he uttered his voice, the earth melted.
Ezekiel 26:10 By reason of the abundance of his horses their dust shall cover thee: thy walls shall shake at the noise of the horsemen, and of the wheels, and of the chariots, when he shall enter into thy gates, as men enter into a city wherein is made a breach.
Ezekiel 26:15-19 Thus saith the Lord GOD to Tyrus; Shall not the isles shake at the sound of thy fall, when the wounded cry, when the slaughter is made in the midst of thee? ... For thus saith the Lord GOD; When I shall make thee a desolate city, like the cities that are not inhabited; when I shall bring up the deep upon thee, and great waters shall cover thee;
Ezekiel 27:34-35 In the time [when] thou shalt be broken by the seas in the depths of the waters thy merchandise and all thy company in the midst of thee shall fall. ... All the inhabitants of the isles shall be astonished at thee, and their kings shall be sore afraid, they shall be troubled in [their] countenance.
Ezekiel 31:16 I made the nations to shake at the sound of his fall, when I cast him down to hell with them that descend into the pit: and all the trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon, all that drink water, shall be comforted in the nether parts of the earth.
Haggai 2:7 And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts.

the LORD[YHWH]:

Isaiah 10:6 I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, to take the spoil, and to take the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the streets.
Psalms 71:3 Be thou my strong habitation, whereunto I may continually resort: thou hast given commandment to save me; for thou [art] my rock and my fortress.
Jeremiah 47:7 How can it be quiet, seeing the LORD hath given it a charge against Ashkelon, and against the sea shore? there hath he appointed it.
Nahum 1:14 And the LORD hath given a commandment concerning thee, [that] no more of thy name be sown: out of the house of thy gods will I cut off the graven image and the molten image: I will make thy grave; for thou art vile.

against the merchant city:
or, concerning a merchantman,
Isaiah 23:3 And by great waters the seed of Sihor, the harvest of the river, [is] her revenue; and she is a mart of nations.
Hosea 12:7-8 [He is] a merchant, the balances of deceit [are] in his hand: he loveth to oppress. ... And Ephraim said, Yet I am become rich, I have found me out substance: [in] all my labours they shall find none iniquity in me that [were] sin.

the merchant city:
Heb. Canaan,
Genesis 9:25 And he said, Cursed [be] Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren.
Genesis 10:15-19 And Canaan begat Sidon his firstborn, and Heth, ... And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.
Zechariah 14:21 Yea, every pot in Jerusalem and in Judah shall be holiness unto the LORD of hosts: and all they that sacrifice shall come and take of them, and seethe therein: and in that day there shall be no more the Canaanite in the house of the LORD of hosts.
Mark 11:17 And he taught, saying unto them, Is it not written, My house shall be called of all nations the house of prayer? but ye have made it a den of thieves.
John 2:16 And said unto them that sold doves, Take these things hence; make not my Father's house an house of merchandise.

strong holds:
or, strengths,
Zechariah 9:3-4 And Tyrus did build herself a strong hold, and heaped up silver as the dust, and fine gold as the mire of the streets. ... Behold, the Lord will cast her out, and he will smite her power in the sea; and she shall be devoured with fire.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 9:25; 10:15. Ex 15:8. Ps 46:6; 71:3. Is 2:19; 10:6; 14:16; 23:3. Jr 47:7. Ezk 26:10, 15; 27:34; 31:16. Ho 12:7. Na 1:14. Hg 2:7. Zc 9:3; 14:21. Mk 11:17. Jn 2:16.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Isaiah 23:11.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Isaiah 23:11


Recent Chat Bible Comments