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Isaiah 22:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Elam bare the quiver, with chariots of men [and] horsemen; and Kir uncovered the shield.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Elam bare the quiver with chariots of men [and] horsemen, and Kir uncovered the shield.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Elam took up the quiver With the chariots, infantry [and] horsemen; And Kir uncovered the shield.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Elam bore the quiver with chariots of men [and] horsemen, and Kir uncovered the shield.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— —Elam beareth the quiver with chariots of men [and] horsemen; and Kir uncovereth the shield.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Yea, Elam, beareth the quiver, With trains of men, [and] horsemen,—And, Kir, hath uncovered the shield.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Elam hath borne a quiver, In a chariot of men—horsemen, And Kir hath exposed a shield.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Elam took the quiver, the chariot of the horseman, and the shield was taken down from the wall.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Elam bare the quiuer with charets of men [and] horsemen, and Kir vncouered the shield.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Elamites took [their] quivers, and [there were] men mounted on horses, and [there was] a gathering for battle.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Elam bare the quiver with chariots of men [and] horsemen, and Qir uncovered the shield.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And `lm עֵילָם 5867
{5867} Prime
Probably from H5956; hidden, that is, distant; Elam, a son of Shem, and his descendants, with their country; also of six Israelites.
bare 5375
{5375} Prime
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the quiver 827
{0827} Prime
Perhaps (feminine) from the same as H0825 (in the sense of covering); a quiver or arrow case.
with chariots 7393
{7393} Prime
From H7392; a vehicle; by implication a team; by extension cavalry; by analogy a rider, that is, the upper millstone.
of men 120
{0120} Prime
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
[and] horsemen, 6571
{6571} Prime
From H6567; a steed (as stretched out to a vehicle, not single nor for mounting (compare H5483)); also (by implication) a driver (in a chariot), that is, (collectively) cavalry.
and Kr קִיר 7024
{7024} Prime
The same as H7023; fortress; Kir, a place in Assyrian; also one in Moab.
uncovered 6168
{6168} Prime
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) bare; hence to empty, pour out, demolish.
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
the shield. 4043
{4043} Prime
From H1598; a shield (that is, the small one or buckler); figuratively a protector; also the scaly hide of the crocodile.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 22:6

_ _ Elam — the country stretching east from the Lower Tigris, answering to what was afterwards called Persia (see on Isaiah 21:2). Later, Elam was a province of Persia (Ezra 4:9). In Sennacherib’s time, Elam was subject to Assyria (2 Kings 18:11), and so furnished a contingent to its invading armies. Famed for the bow (Isaiah 13:18; Jeremiah 49:35), in which the Ethiopians alone excelled them.

_ _ with chariots of men and horsemen — that is, they used the bow both in chariots and on horseback. “Chariots of men,” that is, chariots in which men are borne, war chariots (compare Isaiah 21:7; Isaiah 21:9).

_ _ Kir — another people subject to Assyria (2 Kings 16:9); the region about the river Kur, between the Caspian and Black Seas.

_ _ uncovered — took off for the battle the leather covering of the shield, intended to protect the embossed figures on it from dust or injury during the march. “The quiver” and “the shield” express two classes — light and heavy armed troops.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 22:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 22:6

Elam — The Persians, who now, and for a long time after, were subject to the Assyrian and Chaldean emperors. Quiver — Being expert bowmen. Horsemen — As some fought on foot, so others fought from chariots and horses. Kir — The Medes, so called from Kir, an eminent city and region of Media. Uncovered — Prepared it and themselves for the battle.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 22:6

And Elam (i) bore the quiver with chariots of men [and] horsemen, and Kir uncovered the shield.

(i) He reminds them how God delivered them once from Sennacherib, who brought the Persians and Syrians with him, that they might by returning to God avoid that great plague which they would suffer by Nebuchadnezzar.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Isaiah 21:2 A grievous vision is declared unto me; the treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth. Go up, O Elam: besiege, O Media; all the sighing thereof have I made to cease.
Genesis 10:22 The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.
Jeremiah 49:35-39 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Behold, I will break the bow of Elam, the chief of their might. ... But it shall come to pass in the latter days, [that] I will bring again the captivity of Elam, saith the LORD.


Isaiah 15:1 The burden of Moab. Because in the night Ar of Moab is laid waste, [and] brought to silence; because in the night Kir of Moab is laid waste, [and] brought to silence;
2 Kings 16:9 And the king of Assyria hearkened unto him: for the king of Assyria went up against Damascus, and took it, and carried [the people of] it captive to Kir, and slew Rezin.
Amos 1:5 I will break also the bar of Damascus, and cut off the inhabitant from the plain of Aven, and him that holdeth the sceptre from the house of Eden: and the people of Syria shall go into captivity unto Kir, saith the LORD.
Amos 9:7 [Are] ye not as children of the Ethiopians unto me, O children of Israel? saith the LORD. Have not I brought up Israel out of the land of Egypt? and the Philistines from Caphtor, and the Syrians from Kir?

Heb. made naked
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Gn 10:22. 2K 16:9. Is 15:1; 21:2. Jr 49:35. Am 1:5; 9:7.

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