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Isaiah 21:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— A grievous vision is declared unto me; the treacherous man dealeth treacherously, and the destroyer destroyeth. Go up, O Elam; besiege, O Media; all the sighing thereof have I made to cease.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A grievous vision is declared unto me; the treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth. Go up, O Elam: besiege, O Media; all the sighing thereof have I made to cease.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— A harsh vision has been shown to me; The treacherous one [still] deals treacherously, and the destroyer [still] destroys. Go up, Elam, lay siege, Media; I have made an end of all the groaning she has caused.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A grievous vision is declared to me; the treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler plundereth. Go up, O Elam: besiege, O Media; all her sighing have I made to cease.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A grievous vision is declared unto me: the treacherous dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth. Go up, Elam! besiege, Media! All the sighing thereof have I made to cease.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [So] hath, a grievous vision, been told me:—The deceiver, is deceiving, And, the spoiler, is spoiling, Go up, O Elam, Besiege, O Media, All the sighing she hath caused, have I made to cease.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A hard vision hath been declared to me, The treacherous dealer is dealing treacherously, And the destroyer is destroying. Go up, O Elam, besiege, O Media, All its sighing I have caused to cease.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A grievous vision is told me: he that is unfaithful dealeth unfaithfully: and he that is a spoiler, spoileth. Go up, O Elam, besiege, O Mede: I have made all the mourning thereof to cease.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A grieuous vision is declared vnto me; The treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth: Goe, vp O Elam: besiege, O Media: all the sighing thereof haue I made to cease.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [so] a fearful and a grievous vision was declared to me: he that is treacherous deals treacherously, the transgressor transgresses. The Elamites are upon me, and the ambassadors of the Persians come against me: now will I groan and comfort myself.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A grievous vision is declared unto me; the treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth. Go up, O Elam: besiege, O Maday; all the sighing thereof have I made to cease.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A grievous 7186
{7186} Prime
קָשֶׁה
qasheh
{kaw-sheh'}
From H7185; severe (in various applications).
vision 2380
{2380} Prime
חָזוּת
chazuwth
{khaw-zooth'}
From H2372; a look; hence (figuratively) striking appearance, revelation or (by implication) compact.
is declared 5046
{5046} Prime
נָגַד
nagad
{naw-gad'}
A primitive root; properly to front, that is, stand boldly out opposite; by implication (causatively), to manifest; figuratively to announce (always by word of mouth to one present); specifically to expose, predict, explain, praise.
z8717
<8717> Grammar
Stem - Hophal (See H8825)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 123
unto me; the treacherous dealer 898
{0898} Prime
בּגד
bagad
{baw-gad'}
A primitive root; to cover (with a garment); figuratively to act covertly; by implication to pillage.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
dealeth treacherously, 898
{0898} Prime
בּגד
bagad
{baw-gad'}
A primitive root; to cover (with a garment); figuratively to act covertly; by implication to pillage.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and the spoiler 7703
{7703} Prime
שָׁדַד
shadad
{shaw-dad'}
A primitive root; properly to be burly, that is, (figuratively) powerful (passively impregnable); by implication to ravage.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
spoileth. 7703
{7703} Prime
שָׁדַד
shadad
{shaw-dad'}
A primitive root; properly to be burly, that is, (figuratively) powerful (passively impregnable); by implication to ravage.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Go up, 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
O `lm עֵילָם: 5867
{5867} Prime
עֵילָם
`Eylam
{ay-lawm'}
Probably from H5956; hidden, that is, distant; Elam, a son of Shem, and his descendants, with their country; also of six Israelites.
besiege, 6696
{6696} Prime
צוּר
tsuwr
{tsoor}
A primitive root; to cramp, that is, confine (in many applications, literally and figuratively, formative or hostile).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
O May מָדַי; 4074
{4074} Prime
מָדַי
Maday
{maw-dah'-ee}
Of foreign derivation; Madai, a country of central Asia.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the sighing 585
{0585} Prime
אֲנָחָה
'anachah
{an-aw-khaw'}
From H0584; sighing.
thereof have I made to cease. 7673
{7673} Prime
שָׁבַת
shabath
{shaw-bath'}
A primitive root; to repose, that is, desist from exertion; used in many implied relations (causatively, figuratively or specifically).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 21:2

_ _ dealeth treacherously — referring to the military stratagem employed by Cyrus in taking Babylon. It may be translated, “is repaid with treachery”; then the subject of the verb is Babylon. She is repaid in her own coin; Isaiah 33:1; Habakkuk 2:8, favor this.

_ _ Go up — Isaiah abruptly recites the order which he hears God giving to the Persians, the instruments of His vengeance (Isaiah 13:3, Isaiah 13:17).

_ _ Elam — a province of Persia, the original place of their settlement (Genesis 10:22), east of the Euphrates. The name “Persia” was not in use until the captivity; it means a “horseman”; Cyrus first trained the Persians in horsemanship. It is a mark of authenticity that the name is not found before Daniel and Ezekiel [Bochart].

_ _ thereof — the “sighing” caused by Babylon (Isaiah 14:7, Isaiah 14:8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 21:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 21:2

A vision — A vision or prophecy, containing dreadful calamities which were to fall upon Babylon. The spoiler — The Medes and Persians used treachery as well as force against Babylon. Elam — Persia, so called, because Elam was an eminent province of Persia, bordering upon the Medes. Besiege — Namely, Babylon, Isaiah 21:9. The sighing — The sighing and groaning of God's people, and other nations under the oppressions of that cruel empire.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 21:2

A grievous vision is declared to me; the (c) treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth. Go up, O (d) Elam: besiege, O Media; all her sighing have I made (e) to cease.

(c) The Assyrians and Chaldeans who had destroyed other nations will be overcome by the Medes and Persians: and this he prophesied a hundred years before it came to pass.

(d) By Elam he means the Persians.

(e) Because they will find no comfort, they will mourn no more, or I have caused them to cease mourning, whom Babylon had afflicted.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
grievous:
Heb. hard,
Psalms 60:3 Thou hast shewed thy people hard things: thou hast made us to drink the wine of astonishment.
Proverbs 13:15 Good understanding giveth favour: but the way of transgressors [is] hard.

the treacherous:

Isaiah 24:16 From the uttermost part of the earth have we heard songs, [even] glory to the righteous. But I said, My leanness, my leanness, woe unto me! the treacherous dealers have dealt treacherously; yea, the treacherous dealers have dealt very treacherously.
Isaiah 33:1 Woe to thee that spoilest, and thou [wast] not spoiled; and dealest treacherously, and they dealt not treacherously with thee! when thou shalt cease to spoil, thou shalt be spoiled; [and] when thou shalt make an end to deal treacherously, they shall deal treacherously with thee.
1 Samuel 24:13 As saith the proverb of the ancients, Wickedness proceedeth from the wicked: but mine hand shall not be upon thee.
Jeremiah 51:44 And I will punish Bel in Babylon, and I will bring forth out of his mouth that which he hath swallowed up: and the nations shall not flow together any more unto him: yea, the wall of Babylon shall fall.
Jeremiah 51:48-49 Then the heaven and the earth, and all that [is] therein, shall sing for Babylon: for the spoilers shall come unto her from the north, saith the LORD. ... As Babylon [hath caused] the slain of Israel to fall, so at Babylon shall fall the slain of all the earth.
Jeremiah 51:53 Though Babylon should mount up to heaven, and though she should fortify the height of her strength, [yet] from me shall spoilers come unto her, saith the LORD.
Revelation 13:10 He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity: he that killeth with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints.

Go up:

Isaiah 13:2-4 Lift ye up a banner upon the high mountain, exalt the voice unto them, shake the hand, that they may go into the gates of the nobles. ... The noise of a multitude in the mountains, like as of a great people; a tumultuous noise of the kingdoms of nations gathered together: the LORD of hosts mustereth the host of the battle.
Isaiah 13:17-18 Behold, I will stir up the Medes against them, which shall not regard silver; and [as for] gold, they shall not delight in it. ... [Their] bows also shall dash the young men to pieces; and they shall have no pity on the fruit of the womb; their eye shall not spare children.
Jeremiah 50:14 Put yourselves in array against Babylon round about: all ye that bend the bow, shoot at her, spare no arrows: for she hath sinned against the LORD.
Jeremiah 50:34 Their Redeemer [is] strong; the LORD of hosts [is] his name: he shall throughly plead their cause, that he may give rest to the land, and disquiet the inhabitants of Babylon.
Jeremiah 49:34 The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah the prophet against Elam in the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, saying,
Jeremiah 51:11 Make bright the arrows; gather the shields: the LORD hath raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes: for his device [is] against Babylon, to destroy it; because it [is] the vengeance of the LORD, the vengeance of his temple.
Jeremiah 51:27-28 Set ye up a standard in the land, blow the trumpet among the nations, prepare the nations against her, call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashchenaz; appoint a captain against her; cause the horses to come up as the rough caterpillers. ... Prepare against her the nations with the kings of the Medes, the captains thereof, and all the rulers thereof, and all the land of his dominion.
Daniel 5:28 PERES; Thy kingdom is divided, and given to the Medes and Persians.
Daniel 8:20 The ram which thou sawest having [two] horns [are] the kings of Media and Persia.

all the:

Isaiah 14:1-3 For the LORD will have mercy on Jacob, and will yet choose Israel, and set them in their own land: and the strangers shall be joined with them, and they shall cleave to the house of Jacob. ... And it shall come to pass in the day that the LORD shall give thee rest from thy sorrow, and from thy fear, and from the hard bondage wherein thou wast made to serve,
Isaiah 35:10 And the ransomed of the LORD shall return, and come to Zion with songs and everlasting joy upon their heads: they shall obtain joy and gladness, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.
Isaiah 47:6 I was wroth with my people, I have polluted mine inheritance, and given them into thine hand: thou didst shew them no mercy; upon the ancient hast thou very heavily laid thy yoke.
Psalms 12:5 For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now will I arise, saith the LORD; I will set [him] in safety [from him that] puffeth at him.
Psalms 79:11 Let the sighing of the prisoner come before thee; according to the greatness of thy power preserve thou those that are appointed to die;
Psalms 137:1-3 By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion. ... For there they that carried us away captive required of us a song; and they that wasted us [required of us] mirth, [saying], Sing us [one] of the songs of Zion.
Jeremiah 31:11-12 For the LORD hath redeemed Jacob, and ransomed him from the hand of [him that was] stronger than he. ... Therefore they shall come and sing in the height of Zion, and shall flow together to the goodness of the LORD, for wheat, and for wine, and for oil, and for the young of the flock and of the herd: and their soul shall be as a watered garden; and they shall not sorrow any more at all.
Jeremiah 31:20 [Is] Ephraim my dear son? [is he] a pleasant child? for since I spake against him, I do earnestly remember him still: therefore my bowels are troubled for him; I will surely have mercy upon him, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 31:25 For I have satiated the weary soul, and I have replenished every sorrowful soul.
Jeremiah 45:3 Thou didst say, Woe is me now! for the LORD hath added grief to my sorrow; I fainted in my sighing, and I find no rest.
Jeremiah 51:3-4 Against [him that] bendeth let the archer bend his bow, and against [him that] lifteth himself up in his brigandine: and spare ye not her young men; destroy ye utterly all her host. ... Thus the slain shall fall in the land of the Chaldeans, and [they that are] thrust through in her streets.
Lamentations 1:22 Let all their wickedness come before thee; and do unto them, as thou hast done unto me for all my transgressions: for my sighs [are] many, and my heart [is] faint.
Micah 7:8-10 Rejoice not against me, O mine enemy: when I fall, I shall arise; when I sit in darkness, the LORD [shall be] a light unto me. ... Then [she that is] mine enemy shall see [it], and shame shall cover her which said unto me, Where is the LORD thy God? mine eyes shall behold her: now shall she be trodden down as the mire of the streets.
Zechariah 1:15-16 And I am very sore displeased with the heathen [that are] at ease: for I was but a little displeased, and they helped forward the affliction. ... Therefore thus saith the LORD; I am returned to Jerusalem with mercies: my house shall be built in it, saith the LORD of hosts, and a line shall be stretched forth upon Jerusalem.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 24:13. Ps 12:5; 60:3; 79:11; 137:1. Pv 13:15. Is 13:2, 17; 14:1; 24:16; 33:1; 35:10; 47:6. Jr 31:11, 20, 25; 45:3; 49:34; 50:14, 34; 51:3, 11, 27, 44, 48, 53. Lm 1:22. Dn 5:28; 8:20. Mi 7:8. Zc 1:15. Rv 13:10.

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