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Isaiah 2:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the mean man is bowed down, and the great man is brought low: therefore forgive them not.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the mean man boweth down, and the great man humbleth himself: therefore forgive them not.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So the [common] man has been humbled And the man [of importance] has been abased, But do not forgive them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the mean man boweth down, and the great man humbleth himself: therefore forgive them not.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the mean man shall be bowed down, and the great man shall be brought low: and do not thou forgive them!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So the mean man boweth down, And the great man stoopeth low,—Therefore do not thou forgive them!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the low boweth down, and the high is humbled, And Thou acceptest them not.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And man hath bowed himself down, and man hath been debased: therefore forgive them not.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the meane man boweth downe, and the great man humbleth himselfe; therefore forgiue them not.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the mean man bowed down, and the great man was humbled: and I will not pardon them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the mean man boweth down, and the great man humbleth himself: therefore forgive them not.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the mean man 120
{0120} Prime
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
boweth down, 7817
{7817} Prime
A primitive root; to sink or depress (reflexively or causatively).
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
and the great man 376
{0376} Prime
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
humbleth 8213
{8213} Prime
A primitive root; to depress or sink (especially figuratively to humiliate, intransitively or transitively).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
himself: therefore forgive 5375
{5375} Prime
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
them not. x408
(0408) Complement
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 2:9

_ _ mean — in rank: not morally base: opposed to “the great man.” The former is in Hebrew, Adam, the latter, ish.

_ _ boweth — namely, to idols. All ranks were idolaters.

_ _ forgive ... not — a threat expressed by an imperative. Isaiah so identifies himself with God’s will, that he prays for that which he knows God purposes. So Revelation 18:6.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 2:6-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 2:9

The great man — Men of all ranks fall down and worship idols.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 2:9

And the mean man boweth down, and the great man (q) humbleth himself: therefore (r) forgive them not.

(q) He notes the nature of the idolaters who are never satisfied in their superstitions.

(r) Thus the prophet spoke being inflamed with the zeal of God's glory, and that he might fear them with God's judgment.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the mean:

Isaiah 5:15 And the mean man shall be brought down, and the mighty man shall be humbled, and the eyes of the lofty shall be humbled:
Psalms 49:2 Both low and high, rich and poor, together.
Jeremiah 5:4-5 Therefore I said, Surely these [are] poor; they are foolish: for they know not the way of the LORD, [nor] the judgment of their God. ... I will get me unto the great men, and will speak unto them; for they have known the way of the LORD, [and] the judgment of their God: but these have altogether broken the yoke, [and] burst the bonds.
Romans 3:23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;
Revelation 6:15-17 And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains; ... For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?


Isaiah 57:9 And thou wentest to the king with ointment, and didst increase thy perfumes, and didst send thy messengers far off, and didst debase [thyself even] unto hell.
Colossians 2:18 Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary humility and worshipping of angels, intruding into those things which he hath not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind,
Colossians 2:23 Which things have indeed a shew of wisdom in will worship, and humility, and neglecting of the body; not in any honour to the satisfying of the flesh.


Isaiah 27:11 When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the women come, [and] set them on fire: for it [is] a people of no understanding: therefore he that made them will not have mercy on them, and he that formed them will shew them no favour.
Joshua 24:19 And Joshua said unto the people, Ye cannot serve the LORD: for he [is] an holy God; he [is] a jealous God; he will not forgive your transgressions nor your sins.
Jeremiah 18:23 Yet, LORD, thou knowest all their counsel against me to slay [me]: forgive not their iniquity, neither blot out their sin from thy sight, but let them be overthrown before thee; deal [thus] with them in the time of thine anger.
Mark 3:29 But he that shall blaspheme against the Holy Ghost hath never forgiveness, but is in danger of eternal damnation:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jsh 24:19. Ps 49:2. Is 5:15; 27:11; 57:9. Jr 5:4; 18:23. Mk 3:29. Ro 3:23. Col 2:18, 23. Rv 6:15.

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