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Isaiah 19:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Jehovah hath mingled a spirit of perverseness in the midst of her; and they have caused Egypt to go astray in every work thereof, as a drunken man staggereth in his vomit.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The LORD hath mingled a perverse spirit in the midst thereof: and they have caused Egypt to err in every work thereof, as a drunken [man] staggereth in his vomit.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The LORD has mixed within her a spirit of distortion; They have led Egypt astray in all that it does, As a drunken man staggers in his vomit.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The LORD hath mingled a perverse spirit in the midst of it: and they have caused Egypt to err in every work of it, as a drunken [man] staggereth in his vomit.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Jehovah hath mingled a spirit of perverseness in the midst thereof; and they have caused Egypt to err in every work thereof, as a drunkard staggereth in his vomit.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Yahweh, hath infused in her midst, a spirit of perverseness,—And they have led Egypt astray into all his own doings, As a drunken man staggereth, into his own vomit;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Jehovah hath mingled in her midst A spirit of perverseness, And they have caused Egypt to err in all its work, As a drunkard erreth in his vomit.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The Lord hath mingled in the midst thereof the spirit of giddiness: and they have caused Egypt to err in all its works, as a drunken man staggereth and vomiteth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The LORD hath mingled a peruerse spirit in the midst thereof: and they haue caused Egypt to erre in euery worke thereof, as a drunken man staggereth in his vomit.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For the Lord has prepared for them a spirit of error, and they have caused Mizraim{gr.Egypt} to err in all their works, as one staggers who is drunken and vomits also.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Yahweh hath mingled a perverse spirit in the midst thereof: and they have caused Mitzrayim to err in every work thereof, as a drunken [man] staggereth in his vomit.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
hath mingled 4537
{4537} Prime
מסךְ
macak
{maw-sak'}
A primitive root; to mix, especially wine (with spices).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
a perverse 5773
{5773} Prime
עַוְעֶה
`av`eh
{av-eh'}
From H5753; perversity.
spirit 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
in the midst 7130
{7130} Prime
קֶרֶב
qereb
{keh'-reb}
From H7126; properly the nearest part, that is, the centre, whether literally, figuratively or adverbially (especially with preposition).
thereof: and they have caused x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Mixrayim מִצרַיִם 4714
{4714} Prime
מִצְרַיִם
Mitsrayim
{mits-rah'-yim}
Dual of H4693; Mitsrajim, that is, Upper and Lower Egypt.
to err 8582
{8582} Prime
תָּעָה
ta`ah
{taw-aw'}
A primitive root; to vacillate, that is, reel or stray (literally or figuratively); also causatively of both.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
in every x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
work 4639
{4639} Prime
מַעֲשֶׂה
ma`aseh
{mah-as-eh'}
From H6213; an action (good or bad); generally a transaction; abstractly activity; by implication a product (specifically a poem) or (generally) property.
thereof, as a drunken 7910
{7910} Prime
שִׁכּוֹר
shikkowr
{shik-kore'}
From H7937; intoxicated, as a state or a habit.
[man] staggereth 8582
{8582} Prime
תָּעָה
ta`ah
{taw-aw'}
A primitive root; to vacillate, that is, reel or stray (literally or figuratively); also causatively of both.
z8736
<8736> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 240
in his vomit. 6892
{6892} Prime
קֵא
qe'
{kay}
From H6958; vomit.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 19:14

_ _ err in every work thereof — referring to the anarchy arising from their internal feuds. Horsley translates, “with respect to all His (God’s) work”; they misinterpreted God’s dealings at every step. “Mingled” contains the same image as “drunken”; as one mixes spices with wine to make it intoxicating (Isaiah 5:22; Proverbs 9:2, Proverbs 9:5), so Jehovah has poured among them a spirit of giddiness, so that they are as helpless as a “drunken man.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 19:1-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 19:14

Mingled — Or, hath poured out or given them to drink. To err — In all their designs and undertakings. Staggereth — When he is so drunk, that he reels to and fro, and vomits up his drink.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 19:14

The LORD hath mingled a (n) perverse spirit in the midst of it: and they have caused Egypt to err in every work of it, as a drunken [man] staggereth in his vomit.

(n) For the spirit of wisdom he has made them drunken and giddy with the spirit of error.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
hath mingled:

Isaiah 19:2 And I will set the Egyptians against the Egyptians: and they shall fight every one against his brother, and every one against his neighbour; city against city, [and] kingdom against kingdom.
Isaiah 29:10 For the LORD hath poured out upon you the spirit of deep sleep, and hath closed your eyes: the prophets and your rulers, the seers hath he covered.
Isaiah 29:14 Therefore, behold, I will proceed to do a marvellous work among this people, [even] a marvellous work and a wonder: for the wisdom of their wise [men] shall perish, and the understanding of their prudent [men] shall be hid.
Isaiah 47:10-11 For thou hast trusted in thy wickedness: thou hast said, None seeth me. Thy wisdom and thy knowledge, it hath perverted thee; and thou hast said in thine heart, I [am], and none else beside me. ... Therefore shall evil come upon thee; thou shalt not know from whence it riseth: and mischief shall fall upon thee; thou shalt not be able to put it off: and desolation shall come upon thee suddenly, [which] thou shalt not know.
1 Kings 22:20-23 And the LORD said, Who shall persuade Ahab, that he may go up and fall at Ramothgilead? And one said on this manner, and another said on that manner. ... Now therefore, behold, the LORD hath put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these thy prophets, and the LORD hath spoken evil concerning thee.
Job 12:16 With him [is] strength and wisdom: the deceived and the deceiver [are] his.
Ezekiel 14:7-9 For every one of the house of Israel, or of the stranger that sojourneth in Israel, which separateth himself from me, and setteth up his idols in his heart, and putteth the stumblingblock of his iniquity before his face, and cometh to a prophet to enquire of him concerning me; I the LORD will answer him by myself: ... And if the prophet be deceived when he hath spoken a thing, I the LORD have deceived that prophet, and I will stretch out my hand upon him, and will destroy him from the midst of my people Israel.
2 Thessalonians 2:11 And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie:

perverse spirit:
Heb. spirit of perverseness

as a:

Isaiah 28:7-8 But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble [in] judgment. ... For all tables are full of vomit [and] filthiness, [so that there is] no place [clean].
Isaiah 29:9 Stay yourselves, and wonder; cry ye out, and cry: they are drunken, but not with wine; they stagger, but not with strong drink.
Job 12:25 They grope in the dark without light, and he maketh them to stagger like [a] drunken [man].
Jeremiah 25:15-16 For thus saith the LORD God of Israel unto me; Take the wine cup of this fury at my hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send thee, to drink it. ... And they shall drink, and be moved, and be mad, because of the sword that I will send among them.
Jeremiah 25:27 Therefore thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Drink ye, and be drunken, and spue, and fall, and rise no more, because of the sword which I will send among you.
Jeremiah 48:26 Make ye him drunken: for he magnified [himself] against the LORD: Moab also shall wallow in his vomit, and he also shall be in derision.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 22:20. Jb 12:16, 25. Is 19:2; 28:7; 29:9, 10, 14; 47:10. Jr 25:15, 27; 48:26. Ezk 14:7. 2Th 2:11.

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