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Isaiah 19:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The princes of Zoan are utterly foolish; the counsel of the wisest counsellors of Pharaoh is become brutish: how say ye unto Pharaoh, I am the son of the wise, the son of ancient kings?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Surely the princes of Zoan [are] fools, the counsel of the wise counsellors of Pharaoh is become brutish: how say ye unto Pharaoh, I [am] the son of the wise, the son of ancient kings?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The princes of Zoan are mere fools; The advice of Pharaoh’s wisest advisers has become stupid. How can you [men] say to Pharaoh, “I am a son of the wise, a son of ancient kings”?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Surely the princes of Zoan [are] fools, the counsel of the wise counselors of Pharaoh is become brutish: how say ye to Pharaoh, I [am] the son of the wise, the son of ancient kings?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They are but fools, the princes of Zoan, the wise counsellors of Pharaoh: [their] counsel is become senseless. How say ye unto Pharaoh, I am the son of the wise, the son of ancient kings?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Surely, foolish, are the princes of Zoan, the wisest counselors of Pharaoh, in counsel, are brutish,—How can ye say unto Pharaoh, Son of the wise, am I, Son of the kings of olden time?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Only, fools [are] the princes of Zoan, The counsel of the wise ones of the counsellors of Pharaoh hath become brutish. How say ye unto Pharaoh, 'A son of the wise am I, a son of kings of antiquity?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The princes of Tanis are become fools, the wise counsellors of Pharao have given foolish counsel: how will you say to Pharao: I am the son of the wise, the son of ancient kings?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Surely the princes of Zoan [are] fooles, the counsell of the wise counsellers of Pharaoh is become brutish: How say ye vnto Pharaoh, I [am] the sonne of the wise, the sonne of ancient kings?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the princes of Tanis shall be fools: [as for] the king's wise counsellors, their counsel shall be turned into folly: how will ye say to the king, we are sons of wise men, sons of ancient kings?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Surely the princes of Tzoan [are] fools, the counsel of the wise counsellors of Paroh is become brutish: how say ye unto Paroh, I [am] the son of the wise, the son of ancient kings?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Surely x389
(0389) Complement
אַךְ
'ak
{ak}
Akin to H0403; a particle of affirmation, surely; hence (by limitation) only.
the princes 8269
{8269} Prime
שַׂר
sar
{sar}
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
of X`an צֹעַן 6814
{6814} Prime
צֹעַן
Tso`an
{tso'-an}
Of Egyptian derivation; Tsoan, a place in Egypt.
[are] fools, 191
{0191} Prime
אֱוִיל
'eviyl
{ev-eel'}
From an unused root (meaning to be perverse); (figuratively) silly.
the counsel 6098
{6098} Prime
עֵצָה
`etsah
{ay-tsaw'}
From H3289; advice; by implication plan; also prudence.
of the wise 2450
{2450} Prime
חָכָם
chakam
{khaw-kawm'}
From H2449; wise, (that is, intelligent, skilful or artful).
counsellors 3289
{3289} Prime
יָעַץ
ya`ats
{yaw-ats'}
A primitive root; to advise; reflexively to deliberate or resolve.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of Par` פַּרעֹה 6547
{6547} Prime
פַּרְעֹה
Par`oh
{par-o'}
Of Egyptian derivation; Paroh, a generic title of Egyptian kings.
is become brutish: 1197
{1197} Prime
בָּעַר
ba`ar
{baw-ar'}
A primitive root; to kindle, that is, consume (by fire or by eating); also (as denominative from H1198) to be (become) brutish.
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
how x349
(0349) Complement
אֵיךְ
'eyk
{ake}
Prolonged from H0335; how? or how!; also where.
say 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
ye unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Par` פַּרעֹה, 6547
{6547} Prime
פַּרְעֹה
Par`oh
{par-o'}
Of Egyptian derivation; Paroh, a generic title of Egyptian kings.
I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
[am] the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of the wise, 2450
{2450} Prime
חָכָם
chakam
{khaw-kawm'}
From H2449; wise, (that is, intelligent, skilful or artful).
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of ancient 6924
{6924} Prime
קֶדֶם
qedem
{keh'-dem}
From H6923; the front, of palce (absolutely the fore part, relatively the East) or time (antiquity); often used adverbially (before, anciently, eastward).
kings? 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 19:11

_ _ Zoan — The Greeks called it Tanis, a city of Lower Egypt, east of the Tanitic arms of the Nile, now San; it was one the Egyptian towns nearest to Palestine (Numbers 13:22), the scene of Moses’ miracles (Psalms 78:12, Psalms 78:43). It, or else Memphis, was the capital under Sethos.

_ _ I am ... son of the wise ... kings — Ye have no advice to suggest to Pharaoh in the crisis, notwithstanding that ye boast of descent from wise and royal ancestors. The priests were the usual “counselors” of the Egyptian king. He was generally chosen from the priestly caste, or, if from the warrior caste, he was admitted into the sacred order, and was called a priest. The priests are, therefore, meant by the expression, “son of the wise, and of ancient kings”; this was their favorite boast (Herodotus, 2.141; compare Amos 7:14; Acts 23:6; Philippians 3:5). “Pharaoh” was the common name of all the kings: Sethos, probably, is here meant.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 19:1-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 19:11

Zoan — The chief city, in which the king and court frequently resided. How — Why do you put such foolish words into Pharaoh's mouth? I am the son — Wisdom is heredity and natural to me.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 19:11

Surely the princes of (i) Zoan [are] fools, the counsel of the wise counsellors of Pharaoh is become senseless: how say ye to Pharaoh, I (k) [am] the son of the wise, the son of ancient kings?

(i) Called also Tanes, a famous city on the Nile.

(k) He notes the flatterers of Pharaoh: who persuaded the king that he was wise and noble, and that his house was ancient and so he flatters himself, saying I am wise.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the princes:

Isaiah 19:3 And the spirit of Egypt shall fail in the midst thereof; and I will destroy the counsel thereof: and they shall seek to the idols, and to the charmers, and to them that have familiar spirits, and to the wizards.
Isaiah 19:13 The princes of Zoan are become fools, the princes of Noph are deceived; they have also seduced Egypt, [even they that are] the stay of the tribes thereof.
Isaiah 29:14 Therefore, behold, I will proceed to do a marvellous work among this people, [even] a marvellous work and a wonder: for the wisdom of their wise [men] shall perish, and the understanding of their prudent [men] shall be hid.
Isaiah 44:25 That frustrateth the tokens of the liars, and maketh diviners mad; that turneth wise [men] backward, and maketh their knowledge foolish;
Job 5:12-13 He disappointeth the devices of the crafty, so that their hands cannot perform [their] enterprise. ... He taketh the wise in their own craftiness: and the counsel of the froward is carried headlong.
Job 12:17 He leadeth counsellors away spoiled, and maketh the judges fools.
Psalms 33:10 The LORD bringeth the counsel of the heathen to nought: he maketh the devices of the people of none effect.
Jeremiah 49:7 Concerning Edom, thus saith the LORD of hosts; [Is] wisdom no more in Teman? is counsel perished from the prudent? is their wisdom vanished?
Ezekiel 7:26 Mischief shall come upon mischief, and rumour shall be upon rumour; then shall they seek a vision of the prophet; but the law shall perish from the priest, and counsel from the ancients.
1 Corinthians 1:19-20 For it is written, I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent. ... Where [is] the wise? where [is] the scribe? where [is] the disputer of this world? hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this world?

Zoan:

Isaiah 30:4 For his princes were at Zoan, and his ambassadors came to Hanes.
Numbers 13:22 And they ascended by the south, and came unto Hebron; where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, [were]. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)
Psalms 78:12 Marvellous things did he in the sight of their fathers, in the land of Egypt, [in] the field of Zoan.
Psalms 78:43 How he had wrought his signs in Egypt, and his wonders in the field of Zoan:
Ezekiel 30:14 And I will make Pathros desolate, and will set fire in Zoan, and will execute judgments in No.

brutish:

Psalms 73:22 So foolish [was] I, and ignorant: I was [as] a beast before thee.
Psalms 92:6 A brutish man knoweth not; neither doth a fool understand this.
Proverbs 30:2 Surely I [am] more brutish than [any] man, and have not the understanding of a man.
Jeremiah 10:14 Every man is brutish in [his] knowledge: every founder is confounded by the graven image: for his molten image [is] falsehood, and [there is] no breath in them.
Jeremiah 10:21 For the pastors are become brutish, and have not sought the LORD: therefore they shall not prosper, and all their flocks shall be scattered.

I am:

Genesis 41:38-39 And Pharaoh said unto his servants, Can we find [such a one] as this [is], a man in whom the Spirit of God [is]? ... And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Forasmuch as God hath shewed thee all this, [there is] none so discreet and wise as thou [art]:
1 Kings 4:30 And Solomon's wisdom excelled the wisdom of all the children of the east country, and all the wisdom of Egypt.
Acts 7:22 And Moses was learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and in deeds.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 41:38. Nu 13:22. 1K 4:30. Jb 5:12; 12:17. Ps 33:10; 73:22; 78:12, 43; 92:6. Pv 30:2. Is 19:3, 13; 29:14; 30:4; 44:25. Jr 10:14, 21; 49:7. Ezk 7:26; 30:14. Ac 7:22. 1Co 1:19.

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