Isaiah 18:1 [study!]
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) 
Ah, the land of the rustling of wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
Woe to the land shadowing with wings, which [is] beyond the rivers of Ethiopia:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
Alas, oh land of whirring wings Which lies beyond the rivers of Cush,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
Woe to the land shadowing with wings, which [is] beyond the rivers of Cush:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
Ha! land shadowing with wings, which art beyond the rivers of Cush,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
Ho! thou land of the buzzing of wings,Which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
Ho, land shadowed [with] wings, That [is] beyond the rivers of Cush,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
Woe to the land, the winged cymbal, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) 
Woe to the land shadowing with wings, which [is] beyond the riuers of Ethiopia:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
Woe to you, ye wings of the land of ships, beyond the rivers of Ethiopia.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008)  
Woe to the land shadowing with wings, which [is] beyond the rivers of Kush:
A prolonged form of H1930
(akin to H0188
to the land
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm
; the earth
(at large, or partitively a land
reduplicated; a clatter
, that is, (abstractly) whirring
(of wings); (concretely) a cricket
; also a harpoon
), a cymbal
; an edge
; specifically (of a bird or army) a wing
, (of a garment or bed clothing) a flap
, (of the earth) a quarter
, (of a building) a pinnacle
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who
; also (as adverb and conjunction) when
, in order that
; properly a region across
; but used only adverbially (with or without a preposition) on the opposite
side (especially of the Jordan; usually meaning the east
; properly a part
of; hence (prepositionally), from
or out of
in many senses.
; a stream
(including the sea
; especially the Nile, Euphrates, etc.); figuratively, prosperity
Probably of foreign origin; Cush
(or Ethiopia), the name of a son of Ham, and of his territory; also of an Israelite.
_ _ Isaiah 18:1-7. Isaiah announces the overthrow of Sennacherib’s hosts and desires the Ethiopian ambassadors, now in Jerusalem, to bring word of it to their own nation; and he calls on the whole world to witness the event (Isaiah 18:3). As Isaiah 17:12-14 announced the presence of the foe, so Isaiah 18:1-7 foretells his overthrow.
_ _ Woe The heading in English Version, “God will destroy the Ethiopians,” is a mistake arising from the wrong rendering “Woe,” whereas the Hebrew does not express a threat, but is an appeal calling attention (Isaiah 55:1; Zechariah 2:6): “Ho.” He is not speaking against but to the Ethiopians, calling on them to hear his prophetical announcement as to the destruction of their enemies.
_ _ shadowing with wings rather, “land of the winged bark”; that is, “barks with wing-like sails, answering to vessels of bulrushes” in Isaiah 18:2; the word “rivers,” in the parallelism, also favors it; so the Septuagint and Chaldee [Ewald]. “Land of the clanging sound of wings,” that is, armies, as in Isaiah 8:8; the rendering “bark,” or “ship,” is rather dubious [Maurer]. The armies referred to are those of Tirhakah, advancing to meet the Assyrians (Isaiah 37:9). In English Version, “shadowing” means protecting stretching out its wings to defend a feeble people, namely, the Hebrews [Vitringa]. The Hebrew for “wings” is the same as for the idol Cneph, which was represented in temple sculptures with wings (Psalms 91:4).
_ _ beyond Meroe, the island between the “rivers” Nile and Astaboras is meant, famed for its commerce, and perhaps the seat of the Ethiopian government, hence addressed here as representing the whole empire: remains of temples are still found, and the name of “Tirhakah” in the inscriptions. This island region was probably the chief part of Queen Candace’s kingdom (Acts 8:27). For “beyond” others translate less literally “which borderest on.”
_ _ Ethiopia literally, “Cush.” Horsley is probably right that the ultimate and fullest reference of the prophecy is to the restoration of the Jews in the Holy Land through the instrumentality of some distant people skilled in navigation (Isaiah 18:2; Isaiah 60:9, Isaiah 60:10; Psalms 45:15; Psalms 68:31; Zephaniah 3:10). Phoenician voyagers coasting along would speak of all Western remote lands as “beyond” the Nile’s mouths. “Cush,” too, has a wide sense, being applied not only to Ethiopia, but Arabia-Deserta and Felix, and along the Persian Gulf, as far as the Tigris (Genesis 2:13).
_ _ Interpreters are very much at a loss where to find this land that lies beyond the rivers of Cush. Some take it to be Egypt, a maritime country, and full of rivers, and which courted Israel to depend upon them, but proved broken reeds; but against this it is strongly objected that the next chapter is distinguished from this by the title of the burden of Egypt. Others take it to be Ethiopia, and read it, which lies near, or about, the rivers of Ethiopia, not that in Africa, which lay south of Egypt, but that which we call Arabia, which lay east of Canaan, which Tirhakah was now king of. He thought to protect the Jews, as it were, under the shadow of his wings, by giving a powerful diversion to the king of Assyria, when he made a descent upon his country, at the time that he was attacking Jerusalem, 2 Kings 19:9. But though by his ambassadors he bade defiance to the king of Assyria, and encouraged the Jews to depend upon him, God by the prophet slights him, and will not go forth with him; he may take his own course, but God will take another course to protect Jerusalem, while he suffers the attempt of Tirhakah to miscarry and his Arabian army to be ruined; for the Assyrian army shall become a present or sacrifice to the Lord of hosts, and to the place of his name, by the hand of an angel, not by the hand of Tirhakah king of Ethiopia, Isaiah 18:7. This is a very probable exposition of this chapter. But from a hint of Dr. Lightfoot's, in his Harmony of the Old Testament, I incline to understand this chapter as a prophecy against Assyria, and so a continuation of the prophecy in the last three verses of the foregoing chapter, with which therefore this should be joined. That was against the army of the Assyrians which rushed in upon Judah; this is against the land of Assyria itself, which lay beyond the rivers of Arabia, that is, the rivers Euphrates and Tigris, which bordered on Arabia Deserta. And in calling it the land shadowing with wings he seems to refer to what he himself had said of it (Isaiah 8:8), that the stretching out of his wings shall fill the breadth of thy land, O Immanuel! The prophet might perhaps describe the Assyrians by such dark expressions, not naming them, for the same reason that St. Paul, in his prophecy, speaks of the Roman empire by a periphrasis: He who now letteth, 2 Thessalonians 2:7. Here is,
_ _ I. The attempt made by this land (whatever it is) upon a nation scattered and peeled, Isaiah 18:2. Swift messengers are sent by water to proclaim war against them, as a nation marked by Providence, and meted out, to be trodden under foot. Whether this refer to the Ethiopians waging war with the Assyrians, or the Assyrians with Judah, it teaches us, 1. That a people which have been terrible from their beginning, have made a figure and borne a mighty sway, may yet become scattered and peeled, and may be spoiled even by their own rivers, that should enrich both the husbandman and the merchant. Nations which have been formidable, and have kept all in awe about them, may by a concurrence of accidents become despicable and an easy prey to their insulting neighbours. 2. Princes and states that are ambitious of enlarging their territories will always have some pretence or other to quarrel with those whose countries they have a mind to. “It is a nation that has been terrible, and therefore we must be revenged on it; it is now a nation scattered and peeled, meted out and trodden down, and therefore it will be an easy prey for us.” Perhaps it was not brought so low as they represented it. God's people are trampled on as a nation scattered and peeled; but whoever think to swallow them up may find them still as terrible as they have been from their beginning; they are cast down, but not deserted, not destroyed.
_ _ II. The alarm sounded to the nations about, by which they are summoned to take notice of what God is about to do, Isaiah 18:3. The Ethiopians and Assyrians have their counsels and designs, which they have laid deep, and promise themselves much from, and, in prosecution of them, send their ambassadors and messengers from place to place; but let us now enquire what the great God says to all this. 1. He lifts up an ensign upon the mountains, and blows a trumpet, by which he proclaims war against the enemies of his church, and calls in all her friends and well-wishers into her service, Isaiah 18:3. He gives notice that he is about to do some great work, as Lord of hosts. 2. All the world is bidden to take notice of it; all the dwellers on earth must see the ensign and hear the trumpet, must observe the motions of the divine providence and attend the directions of the divine will. Let all enlist under God's banner, and be on his side, and hearken to the trumpet of his word, which gives not an uncertain sound.
_ _ III. The assurance God gives to his prophet, by him to be given to his people, that, though he might seem for a time to sit by as an unconcerned spectator, yet he would certainly and seasonably appear for the comfort of his people and the confusion of his and their enemies (Isaiah 18:4): So the Lord said unto me. Men will have their saying, but God also will have his; and, as we may be sure his word shall stand, so he often whispers it in the ears of his servants the prophets. When he says, I will take my rest, it is not as if he were weary of governing the world, of as if he either needed or desired to retire from it and repose himself; but it intimates that the great God has a perfect, undisturbed, enjoyment of himself, in the midst of all the agitations and changes of this world (the Lord sits even upon the floods unshaken; the Eternal Mind is always easy), and, though he may sometimes seem to his people as if he took not wonted notice of what is done in this lower world (they are tempted to think he is as one asleep, or as one astonished, Psalms 44:23; Jeremiah 14:9), yet even then he knows very well what men are doing and what he himself will do.
_ _ 1. He will take care of his people, and be a shelter to them. He will regard his dwelling-place; his eye and his heart are, and shall be, upon it for good continually. Zion is his rest for ever, where he will dwell; and he will look after it (so some read it); he will lift up the light of his countenance upon it, will consider over it what is to be done, and will be sure to do all for the best. He will adapt the comforts and refreshments he provides for his people to the exigencies of their case; and they will therefore be acceptable, because seasonable. (1.) Like a clear heat after rain (so the margin), which is very reviving and pleasant, and makes the herbs to flourish. (2.) Like a dew and a cloud in the heat of harvest, which are very welcome, the dew to the ground and the cloud to the labourers. Note, There is that in God which is a shelter and refreshment to his people in all weathers and arms them against the inconveniences of every change. Is the weather cool? There is that in his favour which will warm them. Is it hot? There is that in his favour which will cool them. Great men have their winter-house and their summer-house (Amos 3:15); but those that are at home with God have both in him.
_ _ 2. He will reckon with his and their enemies, Isaiah 18:5, Isaiah 18:6. When the Assyrian army promises itself a plentiful harvest in the taking of Jerusalem and the plundering of that rich city, when the bud of that project is perfect, before the harvest is gathered in, while the sour grape of their enmity to Hezekiah and his people is ripening in the flower and the design is just ready to be put in execution, God shall destroy that army as easily as the husbandman cuts off the sprigs of the vine with pruning hooks, or because the grape is sour and good for nothing, and will not be cured, takes away and cuts down the branches. This seems to point at the overthrow of the Assyrian army by a destroying angel, when the dead bodies of the soldiers were scattered like the branches and sprigs of a wild vine, which the husbandman has cut to pieces. And they shall be left to the fowls of the mountains, and the beasts of the earth, to prey upon, both winter and summer; for as God's people are protected all seasons of the year, both in cold and heat (Isaiah 18:4), so their enemies are at all seasons exposed; birds and beasts of prey shall both summer and winter upon them, till they are quite ruined.
_ _ IV. The tribute of praise which should be brought to God from all this (Isaiah 18:7): In that time, when this shall be accomplished, shall the present be brought unto the Lord of hosts. 1. Some understand this of the conversion of the Ethiopians to the faith of Christ in the latter days, of which we have the specimen and beginning in Philip's baptizing the Ethiopian eunuch, Acts 8:27, etc. Those that were a people scattered and peeled, meted out, and trodden down (Isaiah 18:2), shall be a present to the Lord: and, though they seem useless and worthless, they shall be an acceptable present to him who judges of men by the sincerity of their faith and love, not by the pomp and prosperity of their outward condition. Therefore the gospel was ministered to the Gentiles that the offering up of the Gentiles might be acceptable, Romans 15:16. It is prophesied (Psalms 68:31) that Ethiopia shall soon stretch out her hands unto God. 2. Others understand it of the spoil of Sennacherib's army, out of which, as usual, presents were brought to the Lord of hosts, Numbers 31:50. It was the present of a people scattered and peeled. (1.) It was won from the Assyrians, who were now themselves reduced to such a condition as they scornfully described Judah to be in, Isaiah 18:1. Those that unjustly trample upon others shall themselves be justly trampled upon. (2.) It was offered by the people of God, who were, in disdain, called a people scattered and peeled. God will put honour upon his people, though men put contempt upon them. Lastly, Observe, The present that is brought to the Lord of hosts must be brought to the place of the name of the Lord of hosts; what is offered to God must be offered in the way that he has appointed; we must be sure to attend him, and expect him to meet us, where he records his name.
The lord Either Ethiopia beyond Egypt; or of Egypt. Wings The title of wings is given, in scripture, to divers things which have some kind of resemblance to wings, as to the battlements of an house or temple, to an army, and to the sails of a ship, as this word is here commonly understood. And shadowing with wings is nothing else but overspread or filled with them. Which title may be given either to Ethiopia or Egypt, in regard of the great numbers either of their armies, or of their ships or vessels sailing upon the sea or rivers. Besides Situated on both sides of the Nile. Rivers Called rivers, in the plural number, either for its greatness, or for the many rivulets that run into it, or for the various streams into which it is divided.
Woe to the (a) land shadowing with wings, which [is] beyond the rivers of Cush:
(a) He means that part of Ethiopia which lies toward the sea, which was so full of ships that the sails (which he compares to wings) seemed to shadow the sea.
am cir, 3290, bc cir, 714
- Bp. Lowth renders, after Bochart, "Ho! to the land of the winged cymbal;" which he thinks is a periphrasis for the Egyptian sistrum; and consequently, that Egypt, "which borders on the rivers of Cush," is the country to which the prophecy is addressed. If we translate "shadowing with wings," it may allude to the multitude of its vessels, whose sails may be represented under the notion of wings.
- the land:
Isaiah 20:3-6 And the LORD said, Like as my servant Isaiah hath walked naked and barefoot three years [for] a sign and wonder upon Egypt and upon Ethiopia; ... And the inhabitant of this isle shall say in that day, Behold, such [is] our expectation, whither we flee for help to be delivered from the king of Assyria: and how shall we escape?
Isaiah 30:2-3 That walk to go down into Egypt, and have not asked at my mouth; to strengthen themselves in the strength of Pharaoh, and to trust in the shadow of Egypt! ... Therefore shall the strength of Pharaoh be your shame, and the trust in the shadow of Egypt [your] confusion.
Isaiah 31:1 Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help; and stay on horses, and trust in chariots, because [they are] many; and in horsemen, because they are very strong; but they look not unto the Holy One of Israel, neither seek the LORD!
Ruth 2:12 The LORD recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of the LORD God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust.
Psalms 17:8 Keep me as the apple of the eye, hide me under the shadow of thy wings,
Psalms 36:7 How excellent [is] thy lovingkindness, O God! therefore the children of men put their trust under the shadow of thy wings.
Psalms 57:1 [[To the chief Musician, Altaschith, Michtam of David, when he fled from Saul in the cave.]] Be merciful unto me, O God, be merciful unto me: for my soul trusteth in thee: yea, in the shadow of thy wings will I make my refuge, until [these] calamities be overpast.
Psalms 61:4 I will abide in thy tabernacle for ever: I will trust in the covert of thy wings. Selah.
Psalms 63:7 Because thou hast been my help, therefore in the shadow of thy wings will I rejoice.
Psalms 91:4 He shall cover thee with his feathers, and under his wings shalt thou trust: his truth [shall be thy] shield and buckler.
Matthew 23:37 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, [thou] that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under [her] wings, and ye would not!
2 Kings 19:9 And when he heard say of Tirhakah king of Ethiopia, Behold, he is come out to fight against thee: he sent messengers again unto Hezekiah, saying,
Ezekiel 30:4-5 And the sword shall come upon Egypt, and great pain shall be in Ethiopia, when the slain shall fall in Egypt, and they shall take away her multitude, and her foundations shall be broken down. ... Ethiopia, and Libya, and Lydia, and all the mingled people, and Chub, and the men of the land that is in league, shall fall with them by the sword.
Zephaniah 2:12 Ye Ethiopians also, ye [shall be] slain by my sword.
Zephaniah 3:10 From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia my suppliants, [even] the daughter of my dispersed, shall bring mine offering.
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User-Posted Comments on Isaiah 18:1
In Isaiah 18 do you see the facts? Isaiah is a prophet.Prophets see the future.How far is he seeing ?Far enough to see airplanes? Land shadowed with wings [Hebrew 6767 tranlated it shadowed , but,it also means : whirring, buzzing and [Hebrew word 3671 means wings]. The land is shadowed with whirring, buzzing wings. This is a perfect description of an airplane. Beyond the rivers of Ethiopia but he doesn't give a direction. North ,South, East, or West? The translators leave out the prefix in front of beyond [4480 prefix means more than in comparison]. Does he see an unknown land that has rivers far greater than Ethiopia?[whose x834 land 776 the rivers 5104 have spoiled!] 5104 means cleave and other tranlators have translated it thus. So this nation has a river that cleaves it. This nation is an awesome nation from their beginning .God asks a question will all the inhabitants of the world see? Whatever is going to happen its' going to effect the whole world. Will they see when he lifteth up an ensign,a signal;a token upon the mountain (sometimes used figuratively as a country .More than likely a high office in this country and [when he bloweth 8628 z8800 a trumpet] will you hear? If God really blows a trumpet how many of you know that you will hear it no doubt about it . But God says will you see? The implacation is you may not.God says he sits back and watches, check out those words. This vessel coming by way of sea.[3220 even in vessels, 3627 of bulrushes, 1573 from H1572 to swallow (liquids) , water swallowing vesell . When they tranlated it years ago,even just a few hundred years ago, water swallowing vessel would sound foolish to them. But, to us ,it describes a submarine off of the coast of this nation.So if I am right, this nation is one of the most powerful nations in the world . They have many rivers and one of the rivers cleaves the nation down the middle. This nation has airplanes and may have been the first to make one.God is going to send a symbolic trump to the higest office in thier land just before this event. God is asking the whole world will they see? This nation is going to receive the judgement of God. The pruning of sour grapes. After receiving great chastizement, this great nation will give themselves to live as a godly nation unto the Lord.
- dd (12/25/2016 6:15:48 PM)
Trump/ Pence/ Donald John Trump meaning of names: Donald= Great cheif. John= "YAHWEH is gracious Trump=verb “to blow or sound a trumpet” Mike Short form of MICHAEL = Michael is the archangel, with the trumpet of God . Pence = plural of penny .The face of our penny is Abraham Lincon president during the Civil war. The reverse side of older penny is the Lincon memorial and the new penny has the union shield an omen to be ready to fight. Put it all together and you get. Great cheif "YAHWEH is gracious to sound the trumpet At that time Michael, the archangel who stands guard over your nation, will arise. Then there will be a time of anguish greater than any since nation first came into existence. pence =plural of penny ] The second penny.The second Abraham Lincoln. The pennie the Lincoln memorial . The second pence the union shield omen of a second Civil war the pruning of sour grapes ?? When he lifteth up a ensighn on the mountains [nation]and when he bloweth the trump,will you hear to understand?? This symbolism exist is it coincidence or prov·i·dence you decide. Isaiah 18:1 woe 1945 land 0776 vibration [to tingle (of ears)]whirring, buzzing 6767 wings 3671 which 0834 beyond 5676 more than (in comparison) 4480 the rivers 5104 of Ethiopia)3568. Isaiah 18:2 is sent 7971 envoy, messenger [an adversary]6735by the sea,3320 vessel, implement[ or weapon]3627 to swallow (liquids)water 1573from H1572;coming 6440 upon 5921 the waters,4325[saying], Go 3212swiftly 7031 despatch as a deputy; a messenger; specifically of God,4397 to 0413 a nation 1471 to be tall,4900 and obstinate polished 4178 to 0413 a people 5971 awesome 3372from 4480 their beginning 1931 hitherto;1973a nation 1471 measured our6957mighty 6978 treading down, subjugation:4001whose0834land0776the rivers5104have spoiled [as in the spoiling a child with love] 0978 Isaiah 18:3All 3605 ye inhabitants3427of the world,8398and dwellers7931on the earth,0776 see7200ye [?] when he lifteth up5375 an ensign5251on the mountains; (sometimes used figuratively) (country]2022and when he bloweth8628 a trumpet7782hear to understand8085ye.8799??
- dd (11/23/2016 5:48:31 AM)
Isaiah 18 1 woe to the land of the sound of whirring, buzzing wings which is more than (in comparison) beyond the rivers of Ethiopia. 18 2 He will send a messenger an adversary by the way of sea even an implement of war a vessel water swallower. Upon the waters being sent coming swiftly as an messenger;of God to a nation tall obstinate,polished, independent: to a people to be feared from thier beginning until now a nation tall and tested strong warriors whose land the rivers are an envy. 18 3 All ye inhabitants of the world,and dwellers on the earth, will you see when he lifteth up to appear a signal on the mountains;[or country] and when he bloweth a trumpet,wil you hear.18 4For so Yähwè said unto me, I will take my rest and look intently from my dwelling place i see bright dazzling, glowing, heat above, illumination like dark clouds coming down hot cutting like at harvest.18 15 For afore the harvest, when the bud is perfect, and the sour grape ripening in the flower, he shall both cut off the sprigs with pruning hooks, and take away [and] cut down the branches.They shall be left together unto the fowls of the mountains, and to the beasts of the earth: and the fowls shall summer upon them, and all the beasts of the earth shall winter upon them.In that time they will offer themselves to live thier lives as unto Yähwè leader of host (of organised army].of a people tall obstinate,polished, independent: to a people to be feared from thier beginning until now a nation tall and tested strong warriors whose land the rivers are an envy. Zephaniah 3 10 From beyond more than (in comparison) the rivers of Ethiopia.my worshippers even] the daughter of my dispersed, shall give themselves to me 3 11 In that day shalt thou not be ashamed for all thy doings, where in thou hast transgressed against me: for then I will take away out of the midst of thee them that rejoice in thy pride, and thou shalt no more be haughty because of my holy mountain. 3 12 I will also leave in the midst of thee an afflicted and poor people, and they shall trust in the nameof Yähwè 3 13 The remnant of Yi$rä´ël shall not do iniquity, nor speak lies; neither shall a deceitful tongue be found in their mouth: for they shall feed and lie down, and none shall make [them] afraid. saint peter has said no prophecy of old is of it own unlocking . scripture is locked. scripter un locks scripture. Isaiah 18 1 and Zephaniah 3 10 are the same people Zephaniah identifies them as Yi$rä´ël Zephaniah says God is going to remove out of the midst of thee them that rejoice in thy pride, and thou shalt no more be haughty also iniquity aka lawless, speakers of lies, and deceitful tongues. Isaiah 18 1 tells how,an adversary by the way of sea even an implement of war a vessel water swallower,what appears to be explosions in the sky and the dead wil be food for fowls and all the beasts of the earth for summer and winter. Isaiah 18 1 and Zephaniah speak of rivers Isaiah says the rivers surpass in comparison the mighty rivers of Ethiopia Isaiah seems to be describing airplanes. a obstinate,polished, independent people. a nation tall and tested strong warriors whose land the rivers are an envy. i believe this country is the united state of amercia.a christian nation that has turned thier back on God. other scriptures clearly declare God would restore isreal and call them by a new name.under a new covanant.that the land would be virgin land. that kings and queens would nurse them in there begining.that the land would have a eastern sea and a great western.that they would colonize a virgin land as 13 colonies.and they cry out land is to narrow and would expand.and that they would be a land of unwalled villages and would in the latter days be attacked; by an enemy called gog and that God himself would bring them. whose land the rivers are an envy.The United States of America has over 250,000 rivers, with a total of about 3,500,000 miles of rivers .The longest river in the USA is the Missouri River (it is a tributary of the Mississippi River and is 2,540 miles long),
- dd (10/30/2016 5:07:16 PM)