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Isaiah 17:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but he shall rebuke them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like the whirling dust before the storm.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but [God] shall rebuke them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like a rolling thing before the whirlwind.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The nations rumble on like the rumbling of many waters, But He will rebuke them and they will flee far away, And be chased like chaff in the mountains before the wind, Or like whirling dust before a gale.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but [God] will rebuke them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like a rolling thing before the whirlwind.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The nations rush as the rushing of many waters; but he will rebuke them, and they shall flee far away, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like a whirling [of dust] before the whirlwind:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Though nations, like the rushing of many waters, shall rush, Yet shall one rebuke him, And he shall flee far away,—And be chased, As the chaff of the mountains before a wind, And as whirling stubble, before a storm!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Nations as the wasting of many waters are wasted, And He hath pushed against it, And it hath fled afar off, And been pursued as chaff of hills before wind, And as a rolling thing before a hurricane.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Nations shall make a noise like the noise of waters overflowing, but he shall rebuke him, and he shall flee far off: and he shall be carried away as the dust of the mountains before the wind, and as a whirlwind before a tempest.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but [God] shall rebuke them, and they shall flee farre off, and shalbe chased as the chaffe of the mountaines before the wind, and like a rolling thing before the whirlewind.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— many nations like much water, as when much water rushes violently: and they shall drive him away, and pursue him afar, as the dust of chaff when men winnow before the wind, and as a storm whirling the dust of the wheel.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but [Elohim] shall rebuke them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like a rolling thing before the whirlwind.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The nations 3816
{3816} Prime
לְאֹם
l@om
{leh-ome'}
From an unused root meaning to gather; a community.
shall rush 7582
{7582} Prime
שָׁאָה
sha'ah
{shaw-aw'}
A primitive root; to rush; by implication to desolate.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
like the rushing 7588
{7588} Prime
שָׁאוֹן
sha'own
{shaw-one'}
From H7582; uproar (as of rushing); by implication destruction.
of many 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
waters: 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
but [lhm אֱלֹהִים] shall rebuke 1605
{1605} Prime
גָּעַר
ga`ar
{gaw-ar'}
A primitive root; to chide.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
them, and they shall flee 5127
{5127} Prime
נוּס
nuwc
{noos}
A primitive root; to flit, that is, vanish away (subside, escape; causatively chase, impel, deliver).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
far off, 4801
{4801} Prime
מֶרְחָק
merchaq
{mer-khawk'}
From H7368; remoteness, that is, (concretely) a distant place; often (adverbially) from afar.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and shall be chased 7291
{7291} Prime
רָדַף
radaph
{raw-daf'}
A primitive root; to run after (usually with hostile intent; figuratively (of time) gone by).
z8795
<8795> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 199
as the chaff 4671
{4671} Prime
מוֹץ
mots
{motes}
From H4160; chaff (as pressed out, that is, winnowed or (rather) threshed loose).
of the mountains 2022
{2022} Prime
הַר
har
{har}
A shortened form of H2042; a mountain or range of hills (sometimes used figuratively).
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
the wind, 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
and like a rolling thing 1534
{1534} Prime
גַּלְגַּל
galgal
{gal-gal'}
By reduplication from H1556; a wheel; by analogy a whirlwind; also dust (as whirled).
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
the whirlwind. 5492
{5492} Prime
סוּפָה
cuwphah
{soo-faw'}
From H5486; a hurricane.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 17:13

_ _ shall ... shall — rather, “God rebuketh (Psalms 9:5) them, and they flee — are chased”; the event is set before the eyes as actually present, not future.

_ _ chaff of ... mountains — Threshing floors in the East are in the open air on elevated places, so as to catch the wind which separates the chaff from the wheat (Psalms 88:13; Hosea 13:3).

_ _ rolling thing — anything that rolls: stubble.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 17:12-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 17:13

The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but [God] shall (p) rebuke them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like a rolling thing before the whirlwind.

(p) He adds this for the consolation of the faithful who were in Israel.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
but:

Isaiah 10:15-16 Shall the axe boast itself against him that heweth therewith? [or] shall the saw magnify itself against him that shaketh it? as if the rod should shake [itself] against them that lift it up, [or] as if the staff should lift up [itself, as if it were] no wood. ... Therefore shall the Lord, the Lord of hosts, send among his fat ones leanness; and under his glory he shall kindle a burning like the burning of a fire.
Isaiah 10:33-34 Behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, shall lop the bough with terror: and the high ones of stature [shall be] hewn down, and the haughty shall be humbled. ... And he shall cut down the thickets of the forest with iron, and Lebanon shall fall by a mighty one.
Isaiah 14:25 That I will break the Assyrian in my land, and upon my mountains tread him under foot: then shall his yoke depart from off them, and his burden depart from off their shoulders.
Isaiah 25:4-5 For thou hast been a strength to the poor, a strength to the needy in his distress, a refuge from the storm, a shadow from the heat, when the blast of the terrible ones [is] as a storm [against] the wall. ... Thou shalt bring down the noise of strangers, as the heat in a dry place; [even] the heat with the shadow of a cloud: the branch of the terrible ones shall be brought low.
Isaiah 27:1 In that day the LORD with his sore and great and strong sword shall punish leviathan the piercing serpent, even leviathan that crooked serpent; and he shall slay the dragon that [is] in the sea.
Isaiah 30:30-33 And the LORD shall cause his glorious voice to be heard, and shall shew the lighting down of his arm, with the indignation of [his] anger, and [with] the flame of a devouring fire, [with] scattering, and tempest, and hailstones. ... For Tophet [is] ordained of old; yea, for the king it is prepared; he hath made [it] deep [and] large: the pile thereof [is] fire and much wood; the breath of the LORD, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it.
Isaiah 31:8-9 Then shall the Assyrian fall with the sword, not of a mighty man; and the sword, not of a mean man, shall devour him: but he shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall be discomfited. ... And he shall pass over to his strong hold for fear, and his princes shall be afraid of the ensign, saith the LORD, whose fire [is] in Zion, and his furnace in Jerusalem.
Isaiah 33:1-3 Woe to thee that spoilest, and thou [wast] not spoiled; and dealest treacherously, and they dealt not treacherously with thee! when thou shalt cease to spoil, thou shalt be spoiled; [and] when thou shalt make an end to deal treacherously, they shall deal treacherously with thee. ... At the noise of the tumult the people fled; at the lifting up of thyself the nations were scattered.
Isaiah 33:9-12 The earth mourneth [and] languisheth: Lebanon is ashamed [and] hewn down: Sharon is like a wilderness; and Bashan and Carmel shake off [their fruits]. ... And the people shall be [as] the burnings of lime: [as] thorns cut up shall they be burned in the fire.
Isaiah 37:29-38 Because thy rage against me, and thy tumult, is come up into mine ears, therefore will I put my hook in thy nose, and my bridle in thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the way by which thou camest. ... And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword; and they escaped into the land of Armenia: and Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead.
Psalms 9:5 Thou hast rebuked the heathen, thou hast destroyed the wicked, thou hast put out their name for ever and ever.
Psalms 46:5-11 God [is] in the midst of her; she shall not be moved: God shall help her, [and that] right early. ... The LORD of hosts [is] with us; the God of Jacob [is] our refuge. Selah.

rebuke:

Job 38:11 And said, Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further: and here shall thy proud waves be stayed?
Mark 4:39-41 And he arose, and rebuked the wind, and said unto the sea, Peace, be still. And the wind ceased, and there was a great calm. ... And they feared exceedingly, and said one to another, What manner of man is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him?

shall be:

Isaiah 29:5 Moreover the multitude of thy strangers shall be like small dust, and the multitude of the terrible ones [shall be] as chaff that passeth away: yea, it shall be at an instant suddenly.
Isaiah 41:15-16 Behold, I will make thee a new sharp threshing instrument having teeth: thou shalt thresh the mountains, and beat [them] small, and shalt make the hills as chaff. ... Thou shalt fan them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the whirlwind shall scatter them: and thou shalt rejoice in the LORD, [and] shalt glory in the Holy One of Israel.
Job 21:18 They are as stubble before the wind, and as chaff that the storm carrieth away.
Psalms 1:4 The ungodly [are] not so: but [are] like the chaff which the wind driveth away.
Psalms 35:5 Let them be as chaff before the wind: and let the angel of the LORD chase [them].
Psalms 83:13-15 O my God, make them like a wheel; as the stubble before the wind. ... So persecute them with thy tempest, and make them afraid with thy storm.
Daniel 2:35 Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth.
Hosea 13:3 Therefore they shall be as the morning cloud, and as the early dew that passeth away, as the chaff [that] is driven with the whirlwind out of the floor, and as the smoke out of the chimney.

a rolling thing:
or, thistle-down
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 21:18; 38:11. Ps 1:4; 9:5; 35:5; 46:5; 83:13. Is 10:15, 33; 14:25; 25:4; 27:1; 29:5; 30:30; 31:8; 33:1, 9; 37:29; 41:15. Dn 2:35. Ho 13:3. Mk 4:39.

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