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Isaiah 17:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— In the day of thy planting thou hedgest it in, and in the morning thou makest thy seed to blossom; but the harvest fleeth away in the day of grief and of desperate sorrow.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— In the day shalt thou make thy plant to grow, and in the morning shalt thou make thy seed to flourish: [but] the harvest [shall be] a heap in the day of grief and of desperate sorrow.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— In the day that you plant [it] you carefully fence [it] in, And in the morning you bring your seed to blossom; [But] the harvest will [be] a heap In a day of sickliness and incurable pain.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— In the day shalt thou make thy plant to grow, and in the morning shalt thou make thy seed to flourish: [but] the harvest [shall be] a heap in the day of grief and of desperate sorrow.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— in the day of thy planting wilt thou make [them] to grow, and on the morrow wilt thou make thy seed to flourish; [but] the harvest will flee in the day of taking possession, and the sorrow will be incurable.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— In the day when thou plantest, fence thou in, And, in the morning, cause thou, thy slip, to blossom,—A harvest will have waved in the day of destiny, and mortal pain.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— In the day thy plant thou causest to become great, And in the morning thy seed makest to flourish, A heap [is] the harvest in a day of overflowing, And of mortal pain.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— In the day of thy planting shall be the wild grape, and in the morning thy seed shall flourish: the harvest is taken away in the day of inheritance, and shall grieve thee much.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— In the day shalt thou make thy plant to grow, and in the morning shalt thou make thy seede to flourish: [but] the haruest [shall be] a heape in the day of griefe, and of desperate sorrow.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— In the day wherein thou shalt plant thou shalt be deceived; but if thou sow in the morning, [the seed] shall spring up for a crop in the day wherein thou shalt obtain an inheritance, and as a man's father, thou shalt obtain an inheritance for thy sons.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— In the day shalt thou make thy plant to grow, and in the morning shalt thou make thy seed to flourish: [but] the harvest [shall be] a heap in the day of grief and of desperate sorrow.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
In the day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
shalt thou make thy plant 5194
{5194} Prime
נֶטַע
neta`
{neh'-tah}
From H5193; a plant; collectively, a plantation; abstractly, a planting.
to grow, 7735
{7735} Prime
שׂוּג
suwg
{soog}
A primitive root; to hedge in.
z8770
<8770> Grammar
Stem - Pilpel (See H8842)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 18
and in the morning 1242
{1242} Prime
בֹּקֶר
boqer
{bo'-ker}
From H1239; properly dawn (as the break of day); generally morning.
shalt thou make thy seed 2233
{2233} Prime
זֶרַע
zera`
{zeh'-rah}
From H2232; seed; figuratively fruit, plant, sowing time, posterity.
to flourish: 6524
{6524} Prime
פָּרַח
parach
{paw-rakh'}
A primitive root; to break forth as a bud, that is, bloom; generally to spread; specifically to fly (as extending the wings); figuratively to flourish.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
[but] the harvest 7105
{7105} Prime
קָצִיר
qatsiyr
{kaw-tseer'}
From H7114; severed, that is, harvest (as reaped), the crop, the time, the reaper, or figuratively; also a limb (of a tree, or simply foliage).
[shall be] a heap 5067
{5067} Prime
נֵד
ned
{nade}
From H5110 in the sense of piling up; a mound, that is, wave.
in the day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
of grief 2470
{2470} Prime
חָלָה
chalah
{khaw-law'}
A primitive root (compare H2342, H2490); properly to be rubbed or worn; hence (figuratively) to be weak, sick, afflicted; or (causatively) to grieve, make sick; also to stroke (in flattering), entreat.
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
and of desperate 605
{0605} Prime
אָנוּשׁ
'anash
{aw-nash'}
A primitive root; to be frail, feeble, or (figuratively) melancholy.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
sorrow. 3511
{3511} Prime
כְּאֵב
k@'eb
{keh-abe'}
From H3510; suffering (physical or mental), adversity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 17:11

_ _ In the day ... thy plant — rather, “In the day of thy planting” [Horsley].

_ _ shalt ... make ... grow — Maurer translates, “Thou didst fence it,” namely, the pleasure-ground. The parallel clause, “Make ... flourish,” favors English Version. As soon as thou plantest, it grows.

_ _ in the morning — that is, immediately after; so in Psalms 90:14, the Hebrew, “in the morning,” is translated “early.”

_ _ but ... shall be a heap — rather, “but (promising as was the prospect) the harvest is gone” [Horsley].

_ _ in ... day of grief — rather, “in the day of (expected) possession” [Maurer]. “In the day of inundation” [Horsley].

_ _ of desperate sorrow — rather, “And the sorrow shall be desperate or irremediable.” In English Version “heap” and “sorrow” may be taken together by hendiadys. “The heap of the harvest shall be desperate sorrow” [Rosenmuller].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 17:9-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 17:11

In the day — Thou shalt from day to day, beginning early in the morning, use all diligence that what thou hast planted may thrive. But — When this grievous calamity shall come, all your harvest shall be but one heap.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 17:11

In the day shalt thou make thy plant to grow, and in the morning shalt thou make thy seed to flourish: [but] the harvest [shall be] a heap in the day (n) of grief and of desperate sorrow.

(n) As the Lord threatens the wicked in his law, (Leviticus 26:16).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the harvest:

Isaiah 18:5-6 For afore the harvest, when the bud is perfect, and the sour grape is ripening in the flower, he shall both cut off the sprigs with pruning hooks, and take away [and] cut down the branches. ... They shall be left together unto the fowls of the mountains, and to the beasts of the earth: and the fowls shall summer upon them, and all the beasts of the earth shall winter upon them.
Job 4:8 Even as I have seen, they that plow iniquity, and sow wickedness, reap the same.
Jeremiah 5:31 The prophets prophesy falsely, and the priests bear rule by their means; and my people love [to have it] so: and what will ye do in the end thereof?
Hosea 8:7 For they have sown the wind, and they shall reap the whirlwind: it hath no stalk: the bud shall yield no meal: if so be it yield, the strangers shall swallow it up.
Hosea 9:1-4 Rejoice not, O Israel, for joy, as [other] people: for thou hast gone a whoring from thy God, thou hast loved a reward upon every cornfloor. ... They shall not offer wine [offerings] to the LORD, neither shall they be pleasing unto him: their sacrifices [shall be] unto them as the bread of mourners; all that eat thereof shall be polluted: for their bread for their soul shall not come into the house of the LORD.
Hosea 9:16 Ephraim is smitten, their root is dried up, they shall bear no fruit: yea, though they bring forth, yet will I slay [even] the beloved [fruit] of their womb.
Hosea 10:12-15 Sow to yourselves in righteousness, reap in mercy; break up your fallow ground: for [it is] time to seek the LORD, till he come and rain righteousness upon you. ... So shall Bethel do unto you because of your great wickedness: in a morning shall the king of Israel utterly be cut off.
Joel 1:5-12 Awake, ye drunkards, and weep; and howl, all ye drinkers of wine, because of the new wine; for it is cut off from your mouth. ... The vine is dried up, and the fig tree languisheth; the pomegranate tree, the palm tree also, and the apple tree, [even] all the trees of the field, are withered: because joy is withered away from the sons of men.
Galatians 6:7-8 Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. ... For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting.

a heap in the day of grief and of desperate sorrow:
or, removed in the day of inheritance, and there shall be deadly sorrow.
Isaiah 65:13-14 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, my servants shall eat, but ye shall be hungry: behold, my servants shall drink, but ye shall be thirsty: behold, my servants shall rejoice, but ye shall be ashamed: ... Behold, my servants shall sing for joy of heart, but ye shall cry for sorrow of heart, and shall howl for vexation of spirit.
Matthew 8:11-12 And I say unto you, That many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven. ... But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Romans 2:5 But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;
Romans 2:8-9 But unto them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath, ... Tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of man that doeth evil, of the Jew first, and also of the Gentile;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 4:8. Is 18:5; 65:13. Jr 5:31. Ho 8:7; 9:1, 16; 10:12. Jol 1:5. Mt 8:11. Ro 2:5, 8. Ga 6:7.

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