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Isaiah 16:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Give counsel, execute justice; make thy shade as the night in the midst of the noonday; hide the outcasts; betray not the fugitive.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Take counsel, execute judgment; make thy shadow as the night in the midst of the noonday; hide the outcasts; bewray not him that wandereth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Give [us] advice, make a decision; Cast your shadow like night at high noon; Hide the outcasts, do not betray the fugitive.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Take counsel, execute judgment; make thy shadow as the night in the midst of the noon-day; hide the outcasts; discover not him that wandereth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Bring in counsel, execute justice; make thy shadow as the night in the midst of noonday; hide the outcasts, discover not the fugitive.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Bring thou in counsel, Execute thou judgment, Make, as the night, thy shadow, in the midst of high noon,—Hide thou the outcasts, The wanderer, do not thou reveal.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Bring ye in counsel, do judgment, Make as night thy shadow in the midst of noon, Hide outcasts, the wanderer reveal not.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Take counsel, gather a council: make thy shadow as the night in the midday: hide them that flee, and betray not them that wander about.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Take counsell, execute Iudgement, make thy shadow as the night in the middest of the nooneday, hide the outcastes, bewray not him that wandereth.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— take farther counsel, and continually make thou a shelter from grief: they flee in darkness at mid-day; they are amazed; be not thou led captive.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Take counsel, execute judgment; make thy shadow as the night in the midst of the noonday; hide the outcasts; bewray not him that wandereth.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Take 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
counsel, 6098
{6098} Prime
עֵצָה
`etsah
{ay-tsaw'}
From H3289; advice; by implication plan; also prudence.
execute 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
judgment; 6415
{6415} Prime
פְּלִילָה
p@liylah
{pel-ee-law'}
Feminine of H6414; justice.
make 7896
{7896} Prime
שִׁית
shiyth
{sheeth}
A primitive root; to place (in a very wide application).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
thy shadow 6738
{6738} Prime
צֵל
tsel
{tsale}
From H6751; shade, whether literally or figuratively.
as the night 3915
{3915} Prime
לַיִל
layil
{lah'-yil}
From the same as H3883; properly a twist (away of the light), that is, night; figuratively adversity.
in the midst 8432
{8432} Prime
תָּוֶךְ
tavek
{taw'-vek}
From an unused root meaning to sever; a bisection, that is, (by implication) the centre.
of the noonday; 6672
{6672} Prime
צֹהַר
tsohar
{tso'-har}
From H6671; a light (that is, window); dual double light, that is, noon.
hide 5641
{5641} Prime
סָתַר
cathar
{saw-thar'}
A primitive root; to hide (by covering), literally or figuratively.
z8761
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
the outcasts; 5080
{5080} Prime
נָדַח
nadach
{naw-dakh'}
A primitive root; to push off; used in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively (to expel, mislead, strike, inflict, etc.).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
bewray 1540
{1540} Prime
גָּלַה
galah
{gaw-law'}
A primitive root; to denude (especially in a disgraceful sense); by implication to exile (captives being usually stripped); figuratively to reveal.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
him that wandereth. 5074
{5074} Prime
נָדַד
nadad
{naw-dad'}
A primitive root; properly to wave to and fro (rarely to flap up and down); figuratively to rove, flee, or (causatively) to drive away.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 16:3-5

_ _ Gesenius, Maurer, etc., regard these verses as an address of the fugitive Moabites to the Jews for protection; they translate Isaiah 16:4, “Let mine outcasts of Moab dwell with thee, Judah”; the protection will be refused by the Jews, for the pride of Moab (Isaiah 16:6). Vitringa makes it an additional advice to Moab, besides paying tribute. Give shelter to the Jewish outcasts who take refuge in thy land (Isaiah 16:3, Isaiah 16:4); so “mercy” will be shown thee in turn by whatever king sits on the “throne” of “David” (Isaiah 16:5). Isaiah foresees that Moab will be too proud to pay the tribute, or conciliate Judah by sheltering its outcasts (Isaiah 16:6); therefore judgment shall be executed. However, as Moab just before is represented as itself an outcast in Idumea, it seems incongruous that it should be called on to shelter Jewish outcasts. So that it seems rather to foretell the ruined state of Moab when its people should beg the Jews for shelter, but be refused for their pride.

_ _ make ... shadow as ... night ... in ... noonday — emblem of a thick shelter from the glaring noonday heat (Isaiah 4:6; Isaiah 25:4; Isaiah 32:2).

_ _ bewray ... wandereth — Betray not the fugitive to his pursuer.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 16:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 16:3

Take counsel — Consider seriously what course to take. Shadow — Or, as the shadow of the night, large and dark, as the shadow of the earth is in the night — season. Conceal and protect my people in the time of their distress. The out — casts — Those of my people who are driven out of their land. Wandereth — Unto their enemies.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 16:3

Take counsel, execute judgment; (c) make thy shadow as the night in the midst of the noonday; hide the outcasts; discover not him that wandereth.

(c) He shows what Moab would have done, when Israel their neighbour was in affliction, to whom because they would give no shadow or comfort, they are now left comfortless.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Take:
Heb. Bring

execute:

Isaiah 1:17 Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.
Psalms 82:3-4 Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy. ... Deliver the poor and needy: rid [them] out of the hand of the wicked.
Jeremiah 21:12 O house of David, thus saith the LORD; Execute judgment in the morning, and deliver [him that is] spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor, lest my fury go out like fire, and burn that none can quench [it], because of the evil of your doings.
Jeremiah 22:3 Thus saith the LORD; Execute ye judgment and righteousness, and deliver the spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor: and do no wrong, do no violence to the stranger, the fatherless, nor the widow, neither shed innocent blood in this place.
Ezekiel 45:9-12 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Let it suffice you, O princes of Israel: remove violence and spoil, and execute judgment and justice, take away your exactions from my people, saith the Lord GOD. ... And the shekel [shall be] twenty gerahs: twenty shekels, five and twenty shekels, fifteen shekels, shall be your maneh.
Daniel 4:27 Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable unto thee, and break off thy sins by righteousness, and thine iniquities by shewing mercy to the poor; if it may be a lengthening of thy tranquillity.
Zechariah 7:9 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and shew mercy and compassions every man to his brother:

make:

Isaiah 9:6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
Isaiah 25:4 For thou hast been a strength to the poor, a strength to the needy in his distress, a refuge from the storm, a shadow from the heat, when the blast of the terrible ones [is] as a storm [against] the wall.
Isaiah 32:2 And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest; as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land.
Judges 9:15 And the bramble said unto the trees, If in truth ye anoint me king over you, [then] come [and] put your trust in my shadow: and if not, let fire come out of the bramble, and devour the cedars of Lebanon.
Jonah 4:5-8 So Jonah went out of the city, and sat on the east side of the city, and there made him a booth, and sat under it in the shadow, till he might see what would become of the city. ... And it came to pass, when the sun did arise, that God prepared a vehement east wind; and the sun beat upon the head of Jonah, that he fainted, and wished in himself to die, and said, [It is] better for me to die than to live.

hide:

Isaiah 56:8 The Lord GOD which gathereth the outcasts of Israel saith, Yet will I gather [others] to him, beside those that are gathered unto him.
Obadiah 1:12-14 But thou shouldest not have looked on the day of thy brother in the day that he became a stranger; neither shouldest thou have rejoiced over the children of Judah in the day of their destruction; neither shouldest thou have spoken proudly in the day of distress. ... Neither shouldest thou have stood in the crossway, to cut off those of his that did escape; neither shouldest thou have delivered up those of his that did remain in the day of distress.
Matthew 25:35 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in:
Hebrews 13:2 Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jg 9:15. Ps 82:3. Is 1:17; 9:6; 25:4; 32:2; 56:8. Jr 21:12; 22:3. Ezk 45:9. Dn 4:27. Ob 1:12. Jna 4:5. Zc 7:9. Mt 25:35. He 13:2.

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