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Isaiah 16:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But now Jehovah hath spoken, saying, Within three years, as the years of a hireling, the glory of Moab shall be brought into contempt, with all his great multitude; and the remnant shall be very small and of no account.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But now the LORD hath spoken, saying, Within three years, as the years of an hireling, and the glory of Moab shall be contemned, with all that great multitude; and the remnant [shall be] very small [and] feeble.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But now the LORD speaks, saying, “Within three years, as a hired man would count them, the glory of Moab will be degraded along with all [his] great population, and [his] remnant will be very small [and] impotent.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But now the LORD hath spoken, saying, Within three years, as the years of a hireling, and the glory of Moab shall be contemned, with all that great multitude; and the remnant [shall be] very small [and] feeble.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And now Jehovah speaketh saying, Within three years, as the years of a hired servant, and the glory of Moab shall be brought to nothing, with all that great multitude; and the remnant shall be small, few, of no account.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But now, hath Yahweh spoken, saying, In three years,—as the years of a hireling, shall the glory of Moab be diminished, with all the great multitude,—even a very small remnant, of no account.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And now hath Jehovah spoken, saying, 'In three years, as years of an hireling, Lightly esteemed is the honour of Moab, With all the great multitude, And the remnant [is] little, small, not mighty!'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And now the Lord hath spoken, saying: In three years, as the years of a hireling, the glory of Moab shall be taken away for all the multitude of the people, and it shall be left small and feeble, not many.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But now the LORD hath spoken, saying, Within three yeeres, as the yeeres of an hireling, and the glory of Moab shalbe contemned, with all that great multitude; and the remnant [shall be] very small and feeble.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And now I say, in three years, of the years of an hireling, the glory of Moab shall be dishonoured [with] all his great wealth; and he shall be left few in number, and not honoured.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But now Yahweh hath spoken, saying, Within three years, as the years of an hireling, and the glory of Moav shall be contemned, with all that great multitude; and the remnant [shall be] very small [and] feeble.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But now x6258
(6258) Complement
אַתָּה
`attah
{at-taw'}
From H6256; at this time, whether adverbial, conjugational or expletive.
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
hath spoken, 1696
{1696} Prime
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
saying, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Within three 7969
{7969} Prime
שָׁלוֹשׁ
shalowsh
{shaw-loshe'}
The last two forms being masculine; a primitive number; three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multiplicative) thrice.
years, 8141
{8141} Prime
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
as the years 8141
{8141} Prime
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
of an hireling, 7916
{7916} Prime
שָׂכִיר
sakiyr
{saw-keer'}
From H7936; a man at wages by the day or year.
and the glory 3519
{3519} Prime
כָּבוֹד
kabowd
{kaw-bode'}
From H3513; properly weight; but only figuratively in a good sense, splendor or copiousness.
of Mv מוֹאָב 4124
{4124} Prime
מוֹאָב
Mow'ab
{mo-awb'}
From a prolonged form of the prepositional prefix 'm-' and H0001; from (her (the mother's)) father; Moab, an incestuous son of Lot; also his territory and descendants.
shall be contemned, 7034
{7034} Prime
קָלָה
qalah
{kaw-law'}
A primitive root; to be light (as implied in rapid motion), but figuratively only (be (causatively hold) in contempt).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
with all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
that great 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
multitude; 1995
{1995} Prime
הָמוֹן
hamown
{haw-mone'}
From H1993; a noise, tumult, crowd; also disquietude, wealth.
and the remnant 7605
{7605} Prime
שְׁאָר
sh@'ar
{sheh-awr'}
From H7604; a remainder.
[shall be] very y4592
[4592] Standard
מְעַט
m@`at
{meh-at'}
From H4591; a little or few (often adverbial or comparative).
small 4213
{4213} Prime
מִזְעָר
miz`ar
{miz-awr'}
From the same as H2191; fewness; by implication as superlative diminutiveness.
x4592
(4592) Complement
מְעַט
m@`at
{meh-at'}
From H4591; a little or few (often adverbial or comparative).
[and] feeble. 3808
{3808} Prime
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
3524
{3524} Prime
כַּבִּיר
kabbiyr
{kab-beer'}
From H3727; vast, whether in extent (figuratively of power, mighty; of time, aged), or in number, many.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 16:14

_ _ three years ... hireling — Just as a hireling has his fixed term of engagement, which neither he nor his master will allow to be added to or to be taken from, so the limit within which Moab is to fall is unalterably fixed (Isaiah 21:16). Fulfilled about the time when the Assyrians led Israel into captivity. The ruins of Elealeh, Heshbon, Medeba, Dibon, etc., still exist to confirm the inspiration of Scripture. The accurate particularity of specification of the places three thousand years ago, confirmed by modern research, is a strong testimony to the truth of prophecy.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 16:6-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 16:14

The Lord — Hath made this farther discovery of his mind to me. Three years — This may well be understood of some great blow given to the Moabites, either by Sennacherib, or his son Esarhaddon, from which notwithstanding they recovered and flourished again 'till Nebuchadnezzar compleated their destruction. Hireling — Within three years precisely counted; for hirelings are very punctual in observing the time for which they are hired. The glory — Their strength, and wealth, and other things in which they glory, shall be made contemptible to those who formerly admired them. With — With the great numbers of their people, of which they boasted.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 16:14

But now the LORD hath spoken, saying, (o) Within three years, as the years of an (p) hireling, and the glory of Moab shall be despised, with all that great multitude; and the remnant [shall be] very small [and] feeble.

(o) He appointed a certain time to punish the enemies in.

(p) Who will observe justly the time for which he is hired and serve no longer but will ever long for it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
three:

Isaiah 7:16 For before the child shall know to refuse the evil, and choose the good, the land that thou abhorrest shall be forsaken of both her kings.
Isaiah 15:5 My heart shall cry out for Moab; his fugitives [shall flee] unto Zoar, an heifer of three years old: for by the mounting up of Luhith with weeping shall they go it up; for in the way of Horonaim they shall raise up a cry of destruction.
Isaiah 21:16 For thus hath the Lord said unto me, Within a year, according to the years of an hireling, and all the glory of Kedar shall fail:
Deuteronomy 15:8 But thou shalt open thine hand wide unto him, and shalt surely lend him sufficient for his need, [in that] which he wanteth.

the glory:

Isaiah 17:4 And in that day it shall come to pass, [that] the glory of Jacob shall be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh shall wax lean.
Isaiah 23:9 The LORD of hosts hath purposed it, to stain the pride of all glory, [and] to bring into contempt all the honourable of the earth.
Genesis 31:1 And he heard the words of Laban's sons, saying, Jacob hath taken away all that [was] our father's; and of [that] which [was] our father's hath he gotten all this glory.
Esther 5:11 And Haman told them of the glory of his riches, and the multitude of his children, and all [the things] wherein the king had promoted him, and how he had advanced him above the princes and servants of the king.
Jeremiah 9:23 Thus saith the LORD, Let not the wise [man] glory in his wisdom, neither let the mighty [man] glory in his might, let not the rich [man] glory in his riches:
Nahum 2:9-10 Take ye the spoil of silver, take the spoil of gold: for [there is] none end of the store [and] glory out of all the pleasant furniture. ... She is empty, and void, and waste: and the heart melteth, and the knees smite together, and much pain [is] in all loins, and the faces of them all gather blackness.

and the remnant:

Jeremiah 48:46-47 Woe be unto thee, O Moab! the people of Chemosh perisheth: for thy sons are taken captives, and thy daughters captives. ... Yet will I bring again the captivity of Moab in the latter days, saith the LORD. Thus far [is] the judgment of Moab.

feeble:
or, not many
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 31:1. Dt 15:8. Es 5:11. Is 7:16; 15:5; 17:4; 21:16; 23:9. Jr 9:23; 48:46. Na 2:9.

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