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Isaiah 15:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— My heart crieth out for Moab; her nobles [flee] unto Zoar, to Eglath-shelishi-yah: for by the ascent of Luhith with weeping they go up; for in the way of Horonaim they raise up a cry of destruction.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— My heart shall cry out for Moab; his fugitives [shall flee] unto Zoar, an heifer of three years old: for by the mounting up of Luhith with weeping shall they go it up; for in the way of Horonaim they shall raise up a cry of destruction.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— My heart cries out for Moab; His fugitives are as far as Zoar [and] Eglath-shelishiyah, For they go up the ascent of Luhith weeping; Surely on the road to Horonaim they raise a cry of distress over [their] ruin.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— My heart shall cry out for Moab; his fugitives [shall flee] to Zoar, a heifer of three years old: for they shall go up the ascent of Luhith with weeping; for in the way of Horonaim they shall raise a cry of destruction.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— My heart crieth out for Moab; their fugitives [have fled] unto Zoar, unto Eglath-Sheli-shijah: for by the ascent of Luhith, with weeping they go up by it; for in the way of Horonaim they raise up a cry of destruction.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Mine own heart, for Moab continueth to make outcry, Her fugitive, as far as Zoar, is like a heifer of three years; For, the accent of Luhith, with weeping, they ascend, For, by the way of Horonaim—an outcry of destruction, they excite;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— My heart [is] toward Moab, Cry do her fugitives unto Zoar, a heifer of the third [year], For—the ascent of Luhith—With weeping he goeth up in it, For, in the way of Horonaim, A cry of destruction they wake up.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— My heart shall cry to Moab, the bars thereof shall flee unto Segor a heifer of three years old: for by the ascent of Luith they shall go up weeping: and in the way of Oronaim they shall lift up a cry of destruction.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— My heart shall cry out for Moab; his fugitiues [shall flee] vnto Zoar, an heifer of three yeeres olde: for by the mounting vp of Luhith with weeping shall they goe it vp: for in the way of Horonaim, they shall raise vp a crie of destruction.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The heart of the region of Moab cries within her to Zoar{gr.Segor}; for it is [as] a heifer of three years old: and on the ascent of Luith they shall go up to thee weeping by the way of Aroniim: she cries, Destruction, and trembling.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— My heart shall cry out for Moav; his fugitives [shall flee] unto Tzoar, an heifer of three years old: for by the mounting up of Luchith with weeping shall they go it up; for in the way of Choronayim they shall raise up a cry of destruction.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
My heart 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
shall cry x2199
(2199) Complement
זָעַק
za`aq
{zaw-ak'}
A primitive root; to shriek (from anguish or danger); by analogy (as a herald) to announce or convene publicly.
out y2199
[2199] Standard
זָעַק
za`aq
{zaw-ak'}
A primitive root; to shriek (from anguish or danger); by analogy (as a herald) to announce or convene publicly.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
for Mv מוֹאָב; 4124
{4124} Prime
מוֹאָב
Mow'ab
{mo-awb'}
From a prolonged form of the prepositional prefix 'm-' and H0001; from (her (the mother's)) father; Moab, an incestuous son of Lot; also his territory and descendants.
his fugitives 1280
{1280} Prime
בְּרִיחַ
b@riyach
{ber-ee'-akh}
From H1272; a bolt.
[shall flee] unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
X`ar צֹעַר, 6820
{6820} Prime
צֹעַר
Tso`ar
{tso'-ar}
From H6819; little; Tsoar, a place East of the Jordan.
an heifer 5697
{5697} Prime
עֶגְלָה
`eglah
{eg-law'}
Feminine of H5695; a (female) calf, especially one nearly grown (that is, a heifer).
of three years old: 7992
{7992} Prime
שְׁלִישִׁי
sh@liyshiy
{shel-ee-shee'}
Ordinal from H7969; third; feminine a third (part); by extension a third (day, year or time); specifically a third story cell).
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
by the mounting up 4608
{4608} Prime
מַעֲלֶה
ma`aleh
{mah-al-eh'}
From H5927; an elevation, that is, (concretely) acclivity or platform; abstractly (the relation or state) a rise or (figuratively) priority.
of L לוּחִית 3872
{3872} Prime
לוּחִית
Luwchiyth
{loo-kheeth'}
From the same as H3871; floored; Luchith, a place East of the Jordan.
with weeping 1065
{1065} Prime
בְּכִי
B@kiy
{bek-ee'}
From H1058; a weeping; by analogy, a dripping.
shall they go it up; 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
in the way 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
of rnayim חוֹרֹנַיִם 2773
{2773} Prime
חֹרֹנַיִם
Choronayim
{kho-ro-nah'-yim}
Dual of a derivative from H2356; double cave town; Choronajim, a place in Moab.
they shall raise up 5782
{5782} Prime
עוּר
`uwr
{oor}
A primitive root (rather identical with H5783 through the idea of opening the eyes); to wake (literally or figuratively).
z8787
<8787> Grammar
Stem - Polel (See H8847)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 72
a cry 2201
{2201} Prime
זַעַק
za`aq
{zah'-ak}
(Feminine): from H2199; a shriek or outcry.
of destruction. 7667
{7667} Prime
שֶׁבֶר
sheber
{sheh'-ber}
From H7665; a fracture, figuratively ruin; specifically a solution (of a dream).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 15:5

_ _ My — The prophet himself is moved with pity for Moab. Ministers, in denouncing the wrath of God against sinners, should do it with tender sorrow, not with exultation.

_ _ fugitives — fleeing from Moab, wander as far as to Zoar, on the extreme boundary south of the Dead Sea. Horsley translates, “her nobility,” or “rulers” (Hosea 4:18).

_ _ heifer, etc. — that is, raising their voices “like a heifer” (compare Jeremiah 48:34, Jeremiah 48:36). The expression “three years old,” implies one at its full vigor (Genesis 15:9), as yet not brought under the yoke; as Moab heretofore unsubdued, but now about to be broken. So Jeremiah 31:18; Hosea 4:13. Maurer translates, “Eglath” (in English Version, “a heifer”) Shelishijah (that is, the third, to distinguish it from two others of the same name).

_ _ by the mounting up — up the ascent.

_ _ Luhith — a mountain in Moab.

_ _ Horonaim — a town of Moab not far from Zoar (Jeremiah 48:5). It means “the two poles,” being near caves.

_ _ cry of destruction — a cry appropriate to the destruction which visits their country.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 15:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 15:5

Moab — Tho' they are a most vile nation. Zoar — Zoar was a town bordering upon Moab. Of destruction — Such a cry as men send forth when they are just falling into the pit of destruction.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 15:5

My (f) heart shall cry out for Moab; his fugitives [shall flee] to Zoar, (g) an heifer of three years old: for they shall go up the ascent of Luhith with weeping for in the way of Horonaim they (h) shall raise a cry of destruction.

(f) The prophet speaks this in the person of the Moabites: or as one who felt the great judgment of God that God would come on them.

(g) Meaning that it was a city that always lived in pleasure and never felt sorrow.

(h) He describes the miserable dissipation and flight of the Moabites.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
My heart:

Isaiah 16:9-11 Therefore I will bewail with the weeping of Jazer the vine of Sibmah: I will water thee with my tears, O Heshbon, and Elealeh: for the shouting for thy summer fruits and for thy harvest is fallen. ... Wherefore my bowels shall sound like an harp for Moab, and mine inward parts for Kirharesh.
Jeremiah 8:18-19 [When] I would comfort myself against sorrow, my heart [is] faint in me. ... Behold the voice of the cry of the daughter of my people because of them that dwell in a far country: [Is] not the LORD in Zion? [is] not her king in her? Why have they provoked me to anger with their graven images, [and] with strange vanities?
Jeremiah 9:10 For the mountains will I take up a weeping and wailing, and for the habitations of the wilderness a lamentation, because they are burned up, so that none can pass through [them]; neither can [men] hear the voice of the cattle; both the fowl of the heavens and the beast are fled; they are gone.
Jeremiah 9:18-19 And let them make haste, and take up a wailing for us, that our eyes may run down with tears, and our eyelids gush out with waters. ... For a voice of wailing is heard out of Zion, How are we spoiled! we are greatly confounded, because we have forsaken the land, because our dwellings have cast [us] out.
Jeremiah 13:17 But if ye will not hear it, my soul shall weep in secret places for [your] pride; and mine eye shall weep sore, and run down with tears, because the LORD'S flock is carried away captive.
Jeremiah 17:16 As for me, I have not hastened from [being] a pastor to follow thee: neither have I desired the woeful day; thou knowest: that which came out of my lips was [right] before thee.
Jeremiah 48:31-36 Therefore will I howl for Moab, and I will cry out for all Moab; [mine heart] shall mourn for the men of Kirheres. ... Therefore mine heart shall sound for Moab like pipes, and mine heart shall sound like pipes for the men of Kirheres: because the riches [that] he hath gotten are perished.
Luke 19:41-44 And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it, ... And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.
Romans 9:1-3 I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost, ... For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh:

his fugitives:
etc. or, to the borders thereof, even as an heifer

Zoar:

Genesis 13:10 And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of Jordan, that it [was] well watered every where, before the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, [even] as the garden of the LORD, like the land of Egypt, as thou comest unto Zoar.
Genesis 14:2 [That these] made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar.
Genesis 19:22 Haste thee, escape thither; for I cannot do any thing till thou be come thither. Therefore the name of the city was called Zoar.

three:

Isaiah 16:14 But now the LORD hath spoken, saying, Within three years, as the years of an hireling, and the glory of Moab shall be contemned, with all that great multitude; and the remnant [shall be] very small [and] feeble.
Jeremiah 48:34 From the cry of Heshbon [even] unto Elealeh, [and even] unto Jahaz, have they uttered their voice, from Zoar [even] unto Horonaim, [as] an heifer of three years old: for the waters also of Nimrim shall be desolate.

the mounting:

Jeremiah 48:5 For in the going up of Luhith continual weeping shall go up; for in the going down of Horonaim the enemies have heard a cry of destruction.
Jeremiah 48:34 From the cry of Heshbon [even] unto Elealeh, [and even] unto Jahaz, have they uttered their voice, from Zoar [even] unto Horonaim, [as] an heifer of three years old: for the waters also of Nimrim shall be desolate.

with:

2 Samuel 15:23 And all the country wept with a loud voice, and all the people passed over: the king also himself passed over the brook Kidron, and all the people passed over, toward the way of the wilderness.
2 Samuel 15:30 And David went up by the ascent of [mount] Olivet, and wept as he went up, and had his head covered, and he went barefoot: and all the people that [was] with him covered every man his head, and they went up, weeping as they went up.

destruction:
Heb. breaking,
Isaiah 22:5 For [it is] a day of trouble, and of treading down, and of perplexity by the Lord GOD of hosts in the valley of vision, breaking down the walls, and of crying to the mountains.
Jeremiah 4:20 Destruction upon destruction is cried; for the whole land is spoiled: suddenly are my tents spoiled, [and] my curtains in a moment.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 13:10; 14:2; 19:22. 2S 15:23, 30. Is 16:9, 14; 22:5. Jr 4:20; 8:18; 9:10, 18; 13:17; 17:16; 48:5, 31, 34. Lk 19:41. Ro 9:1.

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