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Isaiah 15:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Heshbon crieth out, and Elealeh; their voice is heard even unto Jahaz: therefore the armed men of Moab cry aloud; his soul trembleth within him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Heshbon shall cry, and Elealeh: their voice shall be heard [even] unto Jahaz: therefore the armed soldiers of Moab shall cry out; his life shall be grievous unto him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Heshbon and Elealeh also cry out, Their voice is heard all the way to Jahaz; Therefore the armed men of Moab cry aloud; His soul trembles within him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Heshbon shall cry, and Elealeh: their voice shall be heard [even] to Jahaz: therefore the armed soldiers of Moab shall cry out; his life shall be grievous to him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Heshbon crieth, and Elealeh: their voice is heard unto Jahaz. Therefore the armed men of Moab cry out: his soul trembleth in him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Heshbon, hath made outcry, and Elealeh, Unto Jahaz, hath been heard their voice,—For this cause, do the armed men of Moab roar, Every man's soul, quivereth to him.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And cry doth Heshbon and Elealeh, Unto Jahaz heard hath been their voice, Therefore the armed ones of Moab do shout, His life hath been grievous to him.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Hesebon shall cry, and Eleale, their voice is heard even to Jasa. For this shall the well appointed men of Moab howl, his soul shall howl to itself.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Heshbon shall cry, and Elealeh: their voice shalbe heard [euen] vnto Iahaz: therefore the armed souldiers of Moab shall crie out, his life shall be grieuous vnto him.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For Heshbon{gr.Esebon} and Eleale have cried: their voice was heard to Jassa: therefore the loins of the region of Moab cry aloud; her soul shall know.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Cheshbon shall cry, and Elaleh: their voice shall be heard [even] unto Yahatz: therefore the armed soldiers of Moav shall cry out; his life shall be grievous unto him.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And ebn חֶשׁבּוֹן 2809
{2809} Prime
חֶשְׁבּוֹן
Cheshbown
{khesh-bone'}
The same as H2808; Cheshbon, a place East of the Jordan.
shall cry, 2199
{2199} Prime
זָעַק
za`aq
{zaw-ak'}
A primitive root; to shriek (from anguish or danger); by analogy (as a herald) to announce or convene publicly.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and El`l אֶלעָלֵה: 500
{0500} Prime
אֶלְעָלֵא
'El`ale'
{el-aw-lay'}
From H0410 and H5927; God (is) going up; Elale or Elaleh, a place east of the Jordan.
their voice 6963
{6963} Prime
קוֹל
qowl
{kole}
From an unused root meaning to call aloud; a voice or sound.
shall be heard 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
[even] unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
Yahax יַהַץ: 3096
{3096} Prime
יַהַץ
Yahats
{yah'-hats}
From an unused root meaning to stamp; perhaps threshing floor; Jahats or Jahtsah, a place East of the Jordan.
therefore x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
x3651
(3651) Complement
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
the armed soldiers 2502
{2502} Prime
חָלַץ
chalats
{khaw-lats'}
A primitive root; to pull off; hence (intensively) to strip, (reflexively) to depart; by implication to deliver, equip (for fight); present, strengthen.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
of Mv מוֹאָב 4124
{4124} Prime
מוֹאָב
Mow'ab
{mo-awb'}
From a prolonged form of the prepositional prefix 'm-' and H0001; from (her (the mother's)) father; Moab, an incestuous son of Lot; also his territory and descendants.
shall cry out; 7321
{7321} Prime
רוּעַ
ruwa`
{roo-ah'}
A primitive root; to mar (especially by breaking); figuratively to split the ears (with sound), that is, shout (for alarm or joy).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
his life 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
shall be grievous 3415
{3415} Prime
יָרַע
yara`
{yaw-rah'}
A primitive root; properly to be broken up (with any violent action), that is, (figuratively) to fear.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
unto him.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 15:4

_ _ Heshbon — an Amorite city, twenty miles east of Jordan; taken by Moab after the carrying away of Israel (compare Jeremiah 48:1-47).

_ _ Elealeh — near Heshbon, in Reuben.

_ _ Jahaz — east of Jordan, in Reuben. Near it Moses defeated Sihon.

_ _ therefore — because of the sudden overthrow of their cities. Even the armed men, instead of fighting in defense of their land, shall join in the general cry.

_ _ life, etc. — rather, “his soul is grieved” (1 Samuel 1:8) [Maurer].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 15:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 15:4

Heshbon — Two other Moabitish cities. Jahaz — Another city in the utmost borders of Moab. Soldiers — Who use to be the most courageous.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Heshbon:

Isaiah 16:8-9 For the fields of Heshbon languish, [and] the vine of Sibmah: the lords of the heathen have broken down the principal plants thereof, they are come [even] unto Jazer, they wandered [through] the wilderness: her branches are stretched out, they are gone over the sea. ... Therefore I will bewail with the weeping of Jazer the vine of Sibmah: I will water thee with my tears, O Heshbon, and Elealeh: for the shouting for thy summer fruits and for thy harvest is fallen.
Numbers 32:3-4 Ataroth, and Dibon, and Jazer, and Nimrah, and Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Shebam, and Nebo, and Beon, ... [Even] the country which the LORD smote before the congregation of Israel, [is] a land for cattle, and thy servants have cattle:
Jeremiah 48:34 From the cry of Heshbon [even] unto Elealeh, [and even] unto Jahaz, have they uttered their voice, from Zoar [even] unto Horonaim, [as] an heifer of three years old: for the waters also of Nimrim shall be desolate.

Jahaz:

Numbers 21:23 And Sihon would not suffer Israel to pass through his border: but Sihon gathered all his people together, and went out against Israel into the wilderness: and he came to Jahaz, and fought against Israel.
Deuteronomy 2:32 Then Sihon came out against us, he and all his people, to fight at Jahaz.
Joshua 13:18 And Jahazah, and Kedemoth, and Mephaath,
Judges 11:20 But Sihon trusted not Israel to pass through his coast: but Sihon gathered all his people together, and pitched in Jahaz, and fought against Israel.

his:

Genesis 27:46 And Rebekah said to Isaac, I am weary of my life because of the daughters of Heth: if Jacob take a wife of the daughters of Heth, such as these [which are] of the daughters of the land, what good shall my life do me?
Numbers 11:15 And if thou deal thus with me, kill me, I pray thee, out of hand, if I have found favour in thy sight; and let me not see my wretchedness.
1 Kings 19:4 But he himself went a day's journey into the wilderness, and came and sat down under a juniper tree: and he requested for himself that he might die; and said, It is enough; now, O LORD, take away my life; for I [am] not better than my fathers.
Job 3:20-22 Wherefore is light given to him that is in misery, and life unto the bitter [in] soul; ... Which rejoice exceedingly, [and] are glad, when they can find the grave?
Job 7:15-16 So that my soul chooseth strangling, [and] death rather than my life. ... I loathe [it]; I would not live alway: let me alone; for my days [are] vanity.
Jeremiah 8:3 And death shall be chosen rather than life by all the residue of them that remain of this evil family, which remain in all the places whither I have driven them, saith the LORD of hosts.
Jeremiah 20:18 Wherefore came I forth out of the womb to see labour and sorrow, that my days should be consumed with shame?
Jonah 4:3 Therefore now, O LORD, take, I beseech thee, my life from me; for [it is] better for me to die than to live.
Jonah 4:8 And it came to pass, when the sun did arise, that God prepared a vehement east wind; and the sun beat upon the head of Jonah, that he fainted, and wished in himself to die, and said, [It is] better for me to die than to live.
Revelation 9:6 And in those days shall men seek death, and shall not find it; and shall desire to die, and death shall flee from them.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 27:46. Nu 11:15; 21:23; 32:3. Dt 2:32. Jsh 13:18. Jg 11:20. 1K 19:4. Jb 3:20; 7:15. Is 16:8. Jr 8:3; 20:18; 48:34. Jna 4:3, 8. Rv 9:6.

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