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Isaiah 14:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Sheol from beneath is moved for thee to meet thee at thy coming; it stirreth up the dead for thee, even all the chief ones of the earth; it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Hell from beneath is moved for thee to meet [thee] at thy coming: it stirreth up the dead for thee, [even] all the chief ones of the earth; it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Sheol from beneath is excited over you to meet you when you come; It arouses for you the spirits of the dead, all the leaders of the earth; It raises all the kings of the nations from their thrones.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Hell from beneath is moved for thee to meet [thee] at thy coming: it stirreth up the dead for thee, [even] all the chief ones of the earth; it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Sheol from beneath is moved for thee to meet [thee] at thy coming, stirring up the dead for thee, all the he-goats of the earth; making to rise from their thrones all the kings of the nations.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Hades, beneath, is excited about thee, To meet thine arrival,—Rousing up, for thee, Shades, All the he-goats of earth! Maketh rise from their thrones, All the kings of the nations.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Sheol beneath hath been troubled at thee, To meet thy coming in, It is waking up for thee Rephaim, All chiefs ones of earth, It hath raised up from their thrones All kings of nations.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Hell below was in an uproar to meet thee at thy coming, it stirred up the giants for thee. All the princes of the earth are risen up from their thrones, all the princes of nations.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Hell from beneath is mooued for [thee] to meet thee at thy comming: it stirreth vp the dead for thee, [euen] all the chiefe ones of the earth; it hath raised vp from their thrones, all the kings of the nations.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Hell from beneath is provoked to meet thee: all the great ones that have ruled over the earth have risen up together against thee, they that have raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Hell from beneath is moved for thee to meet [thee] at thy coming: it stirreth up the dead for thee, [even] all the chief ones of the earth; it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Hell 7585
{7585} Prime
שְׁאוֹל
sh@'owl
{sheh-ole'}
From H7592; hades or the world of the dead (as if a subterranian retreat), including its accessories and inmates.
from beneath x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x8478
(8478) Complement
תַּחַת
tachath
{takh'-ath}
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
is moved 7264
{7264} Prime
רָגַז
ragaz
{raw-gaz'}
A primitive root; to quiver (with any violent emotion, especially anger or fear).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
for thee to meet y7125
[7125] Standard
קִרָא
qir'ah
{keer-aw'}
From H7122; an encountering, accidental, friendly or hostile (also adverbially opposite).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
x7122
(7122) Complement
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root; to encounter, whether accidentally or in a hostile manner.
[thee] at thy coming: 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
it stirreth up 5782
{5782} Prime
עוּר
`uwr
{oor}
A primitive root (rather identical with H5783 through the idea of opening the eyes); to wake (literally or figuratively).
z8790
<8790> Grammar
Stem - Polel (See H8847)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 41
the dead 7496
{7496} Prime
רָפָא
rapha'
{raw-faw'}
From H7495 in the sense of H7503; properly lax, that is, (figuratively) a ghost (as dead; in plural only).
for thee, [even] all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the chief ones 6260
{6260} Prime
עַתּוּד
`attuwd
{at-tood'}
From H6257; prepared, that is, full grown; spoken only (in plural) of he goats, or (figuratively) leaders of the people.
of the earth; 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
it hath raised up 6965
{6965} Prime
קוּם
quwm
{koom}
A primitive root; to rise (in various applications, literally, figuratively, intensively and causatively).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
from their thrones 3678
{3678} Prime
כִּסֵּא
kicce'
{kis-say'}
From H3680; properly covered, that is, a throne (as canopied).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the kings 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of the nations. 1471
{1471} Prime
גּוֹי
gowy
{go'-ee}
Apparently from the same root as H1465 (in the sense of massing); a foreign nation; hence a Gentile; also (figuratively) a troop of animals, or a flight of locusts.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 14:9

_ _ Isaiah 14:9-11. The scene changes from earth to hell.

_ _ Hades (the Amenthes of Egypt), the unseen abode of the departed; some of its tenants, once mighty monarchs, are represented by a bold personification as rising from their seats in astonishment at the descent among them of the humbled king of Babylon. This proves, in opposition to Warburton [The Divine Legation], that the belief existed among the Jews that there was a Sheol or Hades, in which the “Rephaim” or manes of the departed abode.

_ _ moved — put into agitation.

_ _ for thee — that is, “at thee”; towards thee; explained by “to meet thee at thy coming” [Maurer].

_ _ chief ones — literally, “goats”; so rams, leaders of the flock; princes (Zechariah 10:3). The idea of wickedness on a gigantic scale is included (Ezekiel 34:17; Matthew 25:32, Matthew 25:33). Magee derives “Rephaim” (English Version, “the dead”) from a Hebrew root, “to resolve into first elements”; so “the deceased” (Isaiah 26:14) “ghosts” (Proverbs 21:16). These being magnified by the imagination of the living into gigantic stature, gave their name to giants in general (Genesis 6:4; Genesis 14:5; Ezekiel 32:18, Ezekiel 32:21). “Rephaim,” translated in the Septuagint, “giants” (compare see on Job 26:5, Job 26:6). Thence, as the giant Rephaim of Canaan were notorious even in that guilty land, enormous wickedness became connected with the term. So the Rephaim came to be the wicked spirits in Gehenna, the lower of the two portions into which Sheol is divided.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 14:4-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 14:9

Thrones — From their graves, which he seems to call their thrones by way of irony: the only thrones now left to them. Thrones both paved and covered with worms, instead of their former thrones, adorned with gold and precious stones.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 14:9

Hell from beneath is moved for thee to (f) meet [thee] at thy coming: it stirreth up the dead for thee, [even] all the chief ones of the earth; it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations.

(f) As though they feared, lest you should trouble the dead, as you did the living and here he derides the proud tyranny of the wicked, who know not that all creatures wish their destruction, that they may rejoice.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Hell:
or, The grave

from:

Proverbs 15:24 The way of life [is] above to the wise, that he may depart from hell beneath.

is moved:

Ezekiel 32:21-32 The strong among the mighty shall speak to him out of the midst of hell with them that help him: they are gone down, they lie uncircumcised, slain by the sword. ... For I have caused my terror in the land of the living: and he shall be laid in the midst of the uncircumcised with [them that are] slain with the sword, [even] Pharaoh and all his multitude, saith the Lord GOD.

chief ones:
Heb. leaders, or, great goats,
Jeremiah 50:8 Remove out of the midst of Babylon, and go forth out of the land of the Chaldeans, and be as the he goats before the flocks.
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Pv 15:24. Jr 50:8. Ezk 32:21.

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