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Isaiah 14:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I will also make it a possession for the porcupine, and pools of water: and I will sweep it with the besom of destruction, saith Jehovah of hosts.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I will also make it a possession for the bittern, and pools of water: and I will sweep it with the besom of destruction, saith the LORD of hosts.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I will also make it a possession for the hedgehog and swamps of water, and I will sweep it with the broom of destruction,” declares the LORD of hosts.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I will also make it a possession for the bittern, and pools of water: and I will sweep it with the besom of destruction, saith the LORD of hosts.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I will make it a possession for the bittern, and pools of water; and I will sweep it with the besom of destruction, saith Jehovah of hosts.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And will make her a possession for the bittern, And marshes of water,—And will sweep it with the besom of destruction, Declareth Yahweh of hosts.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And have made it for a possession of a bittern, And ponds of waters, And daubed it with the mire of destruction, The affirmation of Jehovah of Hosts!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I will make it a possession for the ericius and pools of waters, and I will sweep it and wear it out with a besom, saith the Lord of hosts.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I will also make it a possession for the Bitterne, and pooles of water: and I will sweepe it with the besome of destruction, sayth the LORD of hostes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I will make the region of Babylon desert, so that hedgehogs shall dwell [there], and it shall come to nothing: and I will make it a pit of clay for destruction.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I will also make it a possession for the bittern, and pools of water: and I will sweep it with the besom of destruction, saith Yahweh Tzevaoth.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I will also make 7760
{7760} Prime
שׂוּם
suwm
{soom}
A primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literally, figuratively, inferentially and elliptically).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
it a possession 4180
{4180} Prime
מוֹרָשׁ
mowrash
{mo-rawsh'}
From H3423; a possession; figuratively delight.
for the bittern, 7090
{7090} Prime
קִפּוֹד
qippowd
{kip-pode'}
From H7088; a species of bird, perhaps the bittern (from its contracted form).
and pools 98
{0098} Prime
אֲגַם
'agam
{ag-am'}
From an unused root (meaning to collect as water); a marsh; hence a rush (as growing in swamps); hence a stockade of reeds.
of water: 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
and I will sweep 2894
{2894} Prime
טוּא
tuw'
{too}
A primitive root; to sweep away.
z8773
<8773> Grammar
Stem - Pilpel (See H8842)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 19
it with the besom 4292
{4292} Prime
מַטְאֲטֵא
mat'ate'
{mat-at-ay'}
Apparently a denominative from H2916; a broom (as removing dirt (compare English 'to dust', that is, remove dust)).
of destruction, 8045
{8045} Prime
שָׁמַד
shamad
{shaw-mad'}
A primitive root; to desolate.
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
saith 5002
{5002} Prime
נְאֻם
n@'um
{neh-oom'}
From H5001; an oracle.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Xv צְבָאוֹת. 6635
{6635} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 14:23

_ _ bittern — rather, “the hedgehog” [Maurer and Gesenius]. Strabo (16:1) states that enormous hedgehogs were found in the islands of the Euphrates.

_ _ pools — owing to Cyrus turning the waters of the Euphrates over the country.

_ _ besom — sweep-net [Maurer], (1 Kings 14:10; 2 Kings 21:13).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 14:4-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 14:23

Bittern — A great water fowl, which delights in solitary places, as also in watery grounds. Such as those were about Babylon. Pools — The ground about Babylon was of itself very moist, because of the great river Euphrates, running by it, which was kept from overflowing the country with charge and labour; this being neglected, when the city was destroyed, it was easily turned into pools of water.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
make:

Isaiah 13:21-22 But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there; and their houses shall be full of doleful creatures; and owls shall dwell there, and satyrs shall dance there. ... And the wild beasts of the islands shall cry in their desolate houses, and dragons in [their] pleasant palaces: and her time [is] near to come, and her days shall not be prolonged.
Isaiah 34:11-15 But the cormorant and the bittern shall possess it; the owl also and the raven shall dwell in it: and he shall stretch out upon it the line of confusion, and the stones of emptiness. ... There shall the great owl make her nest, and lay, and hatch, and gather under her shadow: there shall the vultures also be gathered, every one with her mate.
Jeremiah 50:39-40 Therefore the wild beasts of the desert with the wild beasts of the islands shall dwell [there], and the owls shall dwell therein: and it shall be no more inhabited for ever; neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation. ... As God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbour [cities] thereof, saith the LORD; [so] shall no man abide there, neither shall any son of man dwell therein.
Jeremiah 51:42-43 The sea is come up upon Babylon: she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof. ... Her cities are a desolation, a dry land, and a wilderness, a land wherein no man dwelleth, neither doth [any] son of man pass thereby.
Zephaniah 2:14 And flocks shall lie down in the midst of her, all the beasts of the nations: both the cormorant and the bittern shall lodge in the upper lintels of it; [their] voice shall sing in the windows; desolation [shall be] in the thresholds: for he shall uncover the cedar work.
Revelation 14:8 And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.
Revelation 18:2 And he cried mightily with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird.
Revelation 18:21-23 And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone, and cast [it] into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all. ... And the light of a candle shall shine no more at all in thee; and the voice of the bridegroom and of the bride shall be heard no more at all in thee: for thy merchants were the great men of the earth; for by thy sorceries were all nations deceived.

I will sweep:

1 Kings 14:10 Therefore, behold, I will bring evil upon the house of Jeroboam, and will cut off from Jeroboam him that pisseth against the wall, [and] him that is shut up and left in Israel, and will take away the remnant of the house of Jeroboam, as a man taketh away dung, till it be all gone.
2 Kings 21:13 And I will stretch over Jerusalem the line of Samaria, and the plummet of the house of Ahab: and I will wipe Jerusalem as [a man] wipeth a dish, wiping [it], and turning [it] upside down.
Jeremiah 51:25-26 Behold, I [am] against thee, O destroying mountain, saith the LORD, which destroyest all the earth: and I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, and roll thee down from the rocks, and will make thee a burnt mountain. ... And they shall not take of thee a stone for a corner, nor a stone for foundations; but thou shalt be desolate for ever, saith the LORD.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 14:10. 2K 21:13. Is 13:21; 34:11. Jr 50:39; 51:25, 42. Zp 2:14. Rv 14:8; 18:2, 21.

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