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Isaiah 14:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thy pomp is brought down to Sheol, [and] the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and worms cover thee.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, [and] the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Your pomp [and] the music of your harps Have been brought down to Sheol; Maggots are spread out [as your bed] beneath you And worms are your covering.’
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, [and] the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— —Thy pomp is brought down to Sheol, the noise of thy lyres: the maggot is spread under thee, and worms cover thee.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Brought down to Hades, thy pride, The hum of thy harps, Beneath thee, is spread out corruption, And, thy coverlet—worms!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Brought down to Sheol hath been thine excellency, The noise of thy psaltery, Under thee spread out hath been the worm, Yea, covering thee is the worm.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thy pride is brought down to hell, thy carcass is fallen down: under thee shall the moth be strewed, and worms shall be thy covering.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thy pompe is brought downe to the graue, [and] the noyse of thy violes: the worme is spread vnder thee, and the wormes couer thee.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thy glory has come down to the grave{gr.Hades}, and thy great mirth: under thee they shall spread corruption, and the worm shall be thy covering.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, [and] the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thy pomp 1347
{1347} Prime
גָּאוֹן
ga'own
{gaw-ohn'}
From H1342; the same as H1346.
is brought down 3381
{3381} Prime
יָרַד
yarad
{yaw-rad'}
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
z8717
<8717> Grammar
Stem - Hophal (See H8825)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 123
to the grave, 7585
{7585} Prime
שְׁאוֹל
sh@'owl
{sheh-ole'}
From H7592; hades or the world of the dead (as if a subterranian retreat), including its accessories and inmates.
[and] the noise 1998
{1998} Prime
הֶמְיָה
hemyah
{hem-yaw'}
From H1993; sound.
of thy viols: 5035
{5035} Prime
נֶבֶל
nebel
{neh'-bel}
From H5034; a skin bag for liquids (from collapsing when empty); hence, a vase (as similar in shape when full); also a lyre (as having a body of like form).
the worm 7415
{7415} Prime
רִמָּה
rimmah
{rim-maw'}
From H7426 in the sense of breeding (compare H7311); a maggot (as rapidly bred), literally or figuratively.
is spread 3331
{3331} Prime
יָצַע
yatsa`
{yaw-tsah'}
A primitive root; to strew as a surface.
z8714
<8714> Grammar
Stem - Hophal (See H8825)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 178
under x8478
(8478) Complement
תַּחַת
tachath
{takh'-ath}
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
thee, and the worms 8438
{8438} Prime
תּוֹלָע
towla`
{to-law'}
From H3216; a maggot (as voracious); specifically (often with ellipsis of H8144) the crimson grub, but used only (in this connection) of the color from it, and cloths dyed therewith.
cover 4374
{4374} Prime
מְכַסֶּה
m@kacceh
{mek-as-seh'}
From H3680; a covering, that is, garment; specifically a coverlet (for a bed), an awning (from the sun); also the omentum (as covering the intestines).
thee.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 14:11

_ _ “Pomp” and music, the accompaniment of Babylon’s former feastings (Isaiah 5:12; Isaiah 24:8), give place to the corruption and the stillness of the grave (Ezekiel 32:27).

_ _ worm — that is bred in putridity.

_ _ worms — properly those from which the crimson dye is obtained. Appropriate here; instead of the crimson coverlet, over thee shall be “worms.” Instead of the gorgeous couch, “under thee” shall be the maggot.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 14:4-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 14:11

Thy pomp — All thy glory is buried with thee. Viols — All thy musical instruments, which were much used in Babylon, and were doubtless used in Belshazzar's solemn feasts, Daniel 5:1, at which time the city was taken; to which possibly the prophet here alludes. The worm — Instead of those stately carpets upon which thou didst frequently tread.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 14:11

Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, [and] the noise of thy viols: the worm (g) is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee.

(g) Instead of your costly carpets and coverings.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
pomp:

Isaiah 21:4-5 My heart panted, fearfulness affrighted me: the night of my pleasure hath he turned into fear unto me. ... Prepare the table, watch in the watchtower, eat, drink: arise, ye princes, [and] anoint the shield.
Isaiah 22:2 Thou that art full of stirs, a tumultuous city, a joyous city: thy slain [men are] not slain with the sword, nor dead in battle.
Job 21:11-15 They send forth their little ones like a flock, and their children dance. ... What [is] the Almighty, that we should serve him? and what profit should we have, if we pray unto him?
Ezekiel 26:13 And I will cause the noise of thy songs to cease; and the sound of thy harps shall be no more heard.
Ezekiel 32:19-20 Whom dost thou pass in beauty? go down, and be thou laid with the uncircumcised. ... They shall fall in the midst of [them that are] slain by the sword: she is delivered to the sword: draw her and all her multitudes.
Daniel 5:1-4 Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thousand of his lords, and drank wine before the thousand. ... They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone.
Daniel 5:25-30 And this [is] the writing that was written, MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN. ... In that night was Belshazzar the king of the Chaldeans slain.
Amos 6:3-7 Ye that put far away the evil day, and cause the seat of violence to come near; ... Therefore now shall they go captive with the first that go captive, and the banquet of them that stretched themselves shall be removed.
Revelation 18:11-19 And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buyeth their merchandise any more: ... And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing, saying, Alas, alas, that great city, wherein were made rich all that had ships in the sea by reason of her costliness! for in one hour is she made desolate.

the worm:

Isaiah 66:24 And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcases of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh.
Job 17:13-14 If I wait, the grave [is] mine house: I have made my bed in the darkness. ... I have said to corruption, Thou [art] my father: to the worm, [Thou art] my mother, and my sister.
Job 24:19-20 Drought and heat consume the snow waters: [so doth] the grave [those which] have sinned. ... The womb shall forget him; the worm shall feed sweetly on him; he shall be no more remembered; and wickedness shall be broken as a tree.
Mark 9:43-48 And if thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched: ... Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 17:13; 21:11; 24:19. Is 21:4; 22:2; 66:24. Ezk 26:13; 32:19. Dn 5:1, 25. Am 6:3. Mk 9:43. Rv 18:11.

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