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Isaiah 11:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And his delight shall be in the fear of Jehovah; and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither decide after the hearing of his ears;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And He will delight in the fear of the LORD, And He will not judge by what His eyes see, Nor make a decision by what His ears hear;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And will make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he will not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And his delight will be in the fear of Jehovah; and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So will he find fragrance, in the reverence of Yahweh, And not, by the sight of his eyes, will he judge, Nor, by the hearing of his ears, will he decide;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— To refresh him in the fear of Jehovah, And by the sight of his eyes he judgeth not, Nor by the hearing of his ears decideth.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he shall be filled with the spirit of the fear of the Lord, He shall not judge according to the sight of the eyes, nor reprove according to the hearing of the ears.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And shal make him of quicke vnderstanding in the feare of the LORD, and he shall not iudge after the sight of his eyes, neither reproue after the hearing of his eares.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— the spirit of the fear of God. He shall not judge according to appearance, nor reprove according to report:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of Yahweh: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And shall make him of quick understanding 7306
{7306} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
A primitive root; properly to blow, that is, breathe; only (literally) to smell or (by implication perceive (figuratively to anticipate, enjoy).
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
in the fear 3374
{3374} Prime
יִרְאָה
yir'ah
{yir-aw'}
Feminine of H3373; fear (also used as infinitive); morally reverence.
of Yhw יָהוֶה: 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
and he shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
judge 8199
{8199} Prime
שָׁפַט
shaphat
{shaw-fat'}
A primitive root; to judge, that is, pronounce sentence (for or against); by implication to vindicate or punish; by extension to govern; passively to litigate (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
after the sight 4758
{4758} Prime
מַרְאֶה
mar'eh
{mar-eh'}
From H7200; a view (the act of seeing); also an appearance (the thing seen), whether (real) a shape (especially if handsome, comeliness; often plural the looks), or (mental) a vision.
of his eyes, 5869
{5869} Prime
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
neither x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
reprove 3198
{3198} Prime
יכח
yakach
{yaw-kahh'}
A primitive root; to be right (that is, correct); reciprocally to argue; causatively to decide, justify or convict.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
after the hearing 4926
{4926} Prime
מִשְׁמָע
mishma`
{mish-maw'}
From H8085; a report.
of his ears: 241
{0241} Prime
אֹזֶן
'ozen
{o'-zen}
From H0238; broadness, that is, (concretely) the ear (from its form in man).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 11:3

_ _ make him of quick understanding — literally, “quick-scented in the fear of Jehovah”; endowed with a singular sagacity in discerning the genuine principle of religious fear of God, when it lies dormant in the yet unawakened sinner (Matthew 12:20; Acts 10:1-48; Acts 16:14) [Horsley]. But Maurer, “He shall delight in the fear of God.” The Hebrew means “to delight in the odors” of anything (Exodus 30:38; Amos 5:21); “smell,” that is, “delight in.”

_ _ after ... sight — according to mere external appearances (John 7:24; John 8:15; James 2:1; 1 Samuel 16:7). Herein Messiah is represented a just Judge and Ruler (Deuteronomy 1:16, Deuteronomy 1:17).

_ _ reprove — “decide,” as the parallelism shows.

_ _ after ... ears — by mere plausible hearsays, but by the true merits of each case (John 6:64; Revelation 2:23).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 11:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 11:3

In the fear — He shall not judge rashly and partially, but considerately and justly, as the fear of God obliges all judges to do. Judge — Of persons or causes. After the sight — According to outward appearance, as men do, because they cannot search mens hearts. Reprove — Condemn or pass sentence against a person. His ears — By uncertain rumours or suggestions.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
shall make him:

Isaiah 33:6 And wisdom and knowledge shall be the stability of thy times, [and] strength of salvation: the fear of the LORD [is] his treasure.
Proverbs 2:5 Then shalt thou understand the fear of the LORD, and find the knowledge of God.
Proverbs 2:9 Then shalt thou understand righteousness, and judgment, and equity; [yea], every good path.
Luke 2:52 And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man.

understanding:
Heb. scent, or, smell,
Job 12:11 Doth not the ear try words? and the mouth taste his meat?
Job 34:3 For the ear trieth words, as the mouth tasteth meat.
Philippians 1:9-10 And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and [in] all judgment; ... That ye may approve things that are excellent; that ye may be sincere and without offence till the day of Christ;
Hebrews 5:14 But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, [even] those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.

and he shall not:

1 Samuel 16:7 But the LORD said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have refused him: for [the LORD seeth] not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the LORD looketh on the heart.
2 Samuel 14:17 Then thine handmaid said, The word of my lord the king shall now be comfortable: for as an angel of God, so [is] my lord the king to discern good and bad: therefore the LORD thy God will be with thee.
1 Kings 3:9 Give therefore thy servant an understanding heart to judge thy people, that I may discern between good and bad: for who is able to judge this thy so great a people?
1 Kings 3:28 And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had judged; and they feared the king: for they saw that the wisdom of God [was] in him, to do judgment.
John 7:24 Judge not according to the appearance, but judge righteous judgment.
John 8:15-16 Ye judge after the flesh; I judge no man. ... And yet if I judge, my judgment is true: for I am not alone, but I and the Father that sent me.
1 Corinthians 2:13-15 Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual. ... But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself is judged of no man.
1 Corinthians 4:3-5 But with me it is a very small thing that I should be judged of you, or of man's judgment: yea, I judge not mine own self. ... Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have praise of God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 16:7. 2S 14:17. 1K 3:9, 28. Jb 12:11; 34:3. Pv 2:5, 9. Is 33:6. Lk 2:52. Jn 7:24; 8:15. 1Co 2:13; 4:3. Php 1:9. He 5:14.

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