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Isaiah 10:27 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And it shall come to pass in that day, that his burden shall depart from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed by reason of fatness.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed because of the anointing.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So it will be in that day, that his burden will be removed from your shoulders and his yoke from your neck, and the yoke will be broken because of fatness.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed because of the anointing.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck; and the yoke shall be destroyed because of the anointing. ...
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And it shall come to pass, in that day, That his burden, shall remove, from off thy shoulder, And his yoke from off thy neck,—Yea, the yoke shall be broken, because of fatness.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And it hath come to pass, in that day, Turned is his burden from off thy shoulder, And his yoke from off thy neck, And destroyed hath been the yoke, because of prosperity.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And it shall come to pass in that day, that his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall putrefy at the presence of the oil.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And it shall come to passe in that day, [that] his burden shalbe taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy necke, and the yoke shalbe destroyed because of the anointing.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] his yoke shall be taken away from thy shoulder, and his fear from thee, and the yoke shall be destroyed from off your shoulders.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed because of the anointing.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And it shall come to pass x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
in that x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
day, 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
[that] his burden 5448
{5448} Prime
סֹבֶל
cobel
{so'-bel}
From H5445; a load (figuratively).
shall be taken away 5493
{5493} Prime
סוּר
cuwr
{soor}
A primitive root; to turn off (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
from off x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
thy shoulder, 7926
{7926} Prime
שְׁכֶם
sh@kem
{shek-em'}
From H7925; the neck (between the shoulders) as the place of burdens; figuratively the spur of a hill.
and his yoke 5923
{5923} Prime
עֹל
`ol
{ole}
From H5953; a yoke (as imposed on the neck), literally or figuratively.
from off x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
thy neck, 6677
{6677} Prime
צַוָּאר
tsavva'r
{tsav-vawr'}
Intensive from H6696 in the sense of binding; the back of the neck (as that on which burdens are bound).
and the yoke 5923
{5923} Prime
עֹל
`ol
{ole}
From H5953; a yoke (as imposed on the neck), literally or figuratively.
shall be destroyed 2254
{2254} Prime
חָבַל
chabal
{khaw-bal'}
A primitive root; to wind tightly (as a rope), that is, to bind; specifically by a pledge; figuratively to pervert, destroy; also to writhe in pain (especially of parturition).
z8795
<8795> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 199
because 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of the anointing. 8081
{8081} Prime
שֶׁמֶן
shemen
{sheh'-men}
From H8080; grease, especially liquid (as from the olive, often perfumed); figuratively richness.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 10:27

_ _ his burden — the Assyrians’ oppression (Isaiah 9:3). Judah was still tributary to Assyria; Hezekiah had not yet revolted, as he did in the beginning of Sennacherib’s reign.

_ _ because of — (Hosea 10:15).

_ _ the anointing — namely, “Messiah” (Daniel 9:24). Just as in Isaiah 9:4-6, the “breaking of the yoke of” the enemies’ “burden and staff” is attributed to Messiah,For unto us a child is born,” etc., so it is here. Maurer not so well translates, “Because of the fatness”; an image of the Assyrians fierce and wanton pride drawn from a well-fed bull tossing off the yoke (Deuteronomy 32:15). So Isaiah 10:16 above, and Isaiah 5:17, “fat ones.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 10:24-34.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 10:27

Burden — The burden of the Assyrian. The anointing — Possibly this may be understood of David, who is often mentioned in scripture by the name of God's anointed; and for whose sake, God gave many deliverances to the succeeding kings and ages, as is expressly affirmed, 1 Kings 11:32, 1 Kings 11:34. God declares that he would give this very deliverance from the Assyrian, for David's sake, 2 Kings 19:34, 2 Kings 20:6. But the Messiah is principally intended, of whom David was but a type; and who was in a particular manner anointed above his fellows, as is said, Psalms 45:7. For he is the foundation of all the promises, 2 Corinthians 1:20, and of all the deliverances and mercies granted to God's people in all ages.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 10:27

And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed because of (x) the anointing.

(x) Because of the promise made to that kingdom, by which Christ's kingdom was prefigured.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
his burden:

Isaiah 9:4 For thou hast broken the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian.
Isaiah 14:25 That I will break the Assyrian in my land, and upon my mountains tread him under foot: then shall his yoke depart from off them, and his burden depart from off their shoulders.
2 Kings 18:13-14 Now in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah did Sennacherib king of Assyria come up against all the fenced cities of Judah, and took them. ... And Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria to Lachish, saying, I have offended; return from me: that which thou puttest on me will I bear. And the king of Assyria appointed unto Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold.
Nahum 1:9-13 What do ye imagine against the LORD? he will make an utter end: affliction shall not rise up the second time. ... For now will I break his yoke from off thee, and will burst thy bonds in sunder.

be taken away:
Heb. remove

because:

Isaiah 37:35 For I will defend this city to save it for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake.
2 Samuel 1:21 Ye mountains of Gilboa, [let there be] no dew, neither [let there be] rain, upon you, nor fields of offerings: for there the shield of the mighty is vilely cast away, the shield of Saul, [as though he had] not [been] anointed with oil.
Psalms 2:1-3 Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing? ... Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us.
Psalms 2:6 Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.
*marg.
Psalms 20:6 Now know I that the LORD saveth his anointed; he will hear him from his holy heaven with the saving strength of his right hand.
Psalms 45:7 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
Psalms 84:9 Behold, O God our shield, and look upon the face of thine anointed.
Psalms 89:20-52 I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him: ... Blessed [be] the LORD for evermore. Amen, and Amen.
Psalms 105:15 [Saying], Touch not mine anointed, and do my prophets no harm.
Psalms 132:10 For thy servant David's sake turn not away the face of thine anointed.
Psalms 132:17-18 There will I make the horn of David to bud: I have ordained a lamp for mine anointed. ... His enemies will I clothe with shame: but upon himself shall his crown flourish.
Daniel 9:24-26 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. ... And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof [shall be] with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.
Luke 4:18 The Spirit of the Lord [is] upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,
John 1:41 He first findeth his own brother Simon, and saith unto him, We have found the Messias, which is, being interpreted, the Christ.
*marg.
Acts 4:27 For of a truth against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were gathered together,
1 John 2:20 But ye have an unction from the Holy One, and ye know all things.
1 John 2:27 But the anointing which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 1:21. 2K 18:13. Ps 2:1, 6; 20:6; 45:7; 84:9; 89:20; 105:15; 132:10, 17. Is 9:4; 14:25; 37:35. Dn 9:24. Na 1:9. Lk 4:18. Jn 1:41. Ac 4:27. 1Jn 2:20, 27.

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