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Isaiah 10:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For though thy people, Israel, be as the sand of the sea, [only] a remnant of them shall return: a destruction [is] determined, overflowing with righteousness.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, [yet] a remnant of them shall return: the consumption decreed shall overflow with righteousness.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For though your people, O Israel, may be like the sand of the sea, [Only] a remnant within them will return; A destruction is determined, overflowing with righteousness.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, [yet] a remnant of them shall return: the consumption decreed shall overflow with righteousness.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, [only] a remnant of them shall return: the consumption determined shall overflow in righteousness.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, though thy people, O Israel, shall be as the sand of the sea, A [mere] remnant, shall return of them,—A full end decreed, bringeth in, justice, like a flood;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, A remnant doth return of it, A consumption determined, Overflowing [with] righteousness.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For if thy people, O Israel, shall be as the sand of the sea, a remnant of them shall be converted, the consumption abridged shall overflow with justice.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, [yet] a remnant of them shall returne: the consumption decreed shall ouerflow with righteousnesse.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And though the people of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant of them shall be saved.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For though thy people Yisrael be as the sand of the sea, [yet] a remnant of them shall return: the consumption decreed shall overflow with righteousness.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
though x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
thy people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
as the sand 2344
{2344} Prime
חוֹל
chowl
{khole}
From H2342; sand (as round or whirling particles).
of the sea, 3220
{3220} Prime
יָם
yam
{yawm}
From an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article) the Mediterranean; sometimes a large river, or an artificial basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south.
[yet] a remnant 7605
{7605} Prime
שְׁאָר
sh@'ar
{sheh-awr'}
From H7604; a remainder.
of them shall return: 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the consumption 3631
{3631} Prime
כִּלָּיוֹן
killayown
{kil-law-yone'}
From H3615; pining, destruction.
decreed 2782
{2782} Prime
חָרַץ
charats
{khaw-rats'}
A prim root; properly to point sharply, that is, (literally) to wound; figuratively to be alert, to decide.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
shall overflow 7857
{7857} Prime
שָׁטַף
shataph
{shaw-taf'}
A primitive root; to gush; by implication to inundate, cleanse; by analogy to gallop, conquer.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
with righteousness. 6666
{6666} Prime
צְדָקָה
ts@daqah
{tsed-aw-kaw'}
From H6663; rightness (abstractly), subjectively (rectitude), objectively (justice), morally (virtue) or figuratively (prosperity).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 10:20-22.


Isaiah 10:22

_ _ yet — rather in the sense in which Paul quotes it (Romans 9:27), “Though Israel be now numerous as the sand, a remnant only of them shall return” — the great majority shall perish. The reason is added, Because “the consumption (fully completed destruction) is decreed (literally, decided on, brought to an issue), it overfloweth (Isaiah 30:28; Isaiah 8:8) with justice”; that is, the infliction of just punishment (Isaiah 5:16) [Maurer].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 10:20-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 10:22

A remnant — Or, a remnant only. The consumption — The destruction of Israel was already decreed by the fixed counsel of God, and therefore must needs be executed, and like a deluge overflow them. Righteousness — With justice, and yet with clemency, inasmuch as he has spared a considerable remnant of them, when he might have destroyed them utterly.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 10:22

For though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, [yet] a remnant of them shall return: the full end (q) decreed shall overflow with righteousness.

(q) This small number which seemed to be consumed and yet according to God's decree is saved, will be sufficient to fill all the world with righteousness.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
though thy:

1 Kings 4:20 Judah and Israel [were] many, as the sand which [is] by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry.
Hosea 1:10 Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, [that] in the place where it was said unto them, Ye [are] not my people, [there] it shall be said unto them, [Ye are] the sons of the living God.
Romans 9:27 Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved:
Romans 11:5-6 Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. ... And if by grace, then [is it] no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if [it be] of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work.
Revelation 20:8 And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom [is] as the sand of the sea.

yet a remnant:

Isaiah 6:13 But yet in it [shall be] a tenth, and [it] shall return, and shall be eaten: as a teil tree, and as an oak, whose substance [is] in them, when they cast [their leaves: so] the holy seed [shall be] the substance thereof.

of:
Heb. in, or, among

the consumption:

Isaiah 6:11 Then said I, Lord, how long? And he answered, Until the cities be wasted without inhabitant, and the houses without man, and the land be utterly desolate,
Isaiah 8:8 And he shall pass through Judah; he shall overflow and go over, he shall reach [even] to the neck; and the stretching out of his wings shall fill the breadth of thy land, O Immanuel.
Isaiah 27:10-11 Yet the defenced city [shall be] desolate, [and] the habitation forsaken, and left like a wilderness: there shall the calf feed, and there shall he lie down, and consume the branches thereof. ... When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the women come, [and] set them on fire: for it [is] a people of no understanding: therefore he that made them will not have mercy on them, and he that formed them will shew them no favour.
Isaiah 28:15-22 Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves: ... Now therefore be ye not mockers, lest your bands be made strong: for I have heard from the Lord GOD of hosts a consumption, even determined upon the whole earth.
Daniel 9:27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make [it] desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.
Romans 9:28 For he will finish the work, and cut [it] short in righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth.

with:
or, in,
Genesis 18:25 That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?
Acts 17:31 Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by [that] man whom he hath ordained; [whereof] he hath given assurance unto all [men], in that he hath raised him from the dead.
Romans 2:5 But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;
Romans 3:5-6 But if our unrighteousness commend the righteousness of God, what shall we say? [Is] God unrighteous who taketh vengeance? (I speak as a man) ... God forbid: for then how shall God judge the world?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 18:25. 1K 4:20. Is 6:11, 13; 8:8; 27:10; 28:15. Dn 9:27. Ho 1:10. Ac 17:31. Ro 2:5; 3:5; 9:27, 28; 11:5. Rv 20:8.

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