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Isaiah 10:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the light of Israel will be for a fire, and his Holy One for a flame; and it will burn and devour his thorns and his briers in one day.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the light of Israel shall be for a fire, and his Holy One for a flame: and it shall burn and devour his thorns and his briers in one day;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And the light of Israel will become a fire and his Holy One a flame, And it will burn and devour his thorns and his briars in a single day.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the light of Israel shall be for a fire, and his Holy One for a flame: and it shall burn and devour his thorns and his briers in one day;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and the light of Israel shall be for a fire, and his Holy One for a flame; and it shall burn and devour his thorns and his briars in one day,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So shall, the Light of Israel, become, a fire, And, his Holy One, a flame, Which shall burn and consume his thorns and his briars, in one day;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the light of Israel hath been for a fire, And his Holy One for a flame, And it hath burned, and devoured his thorn And his brier in one day.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the light of Israel shall be as a fire, and the Holy One thereof as a flame: and his thorns and his briers shall be set on fire, and shall be devoured in one day.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the light of Israel shall bee for a fire, and his Holy One for a flame: and it shall burne and deuoure his thornes and his briers in one day:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the light of Israel shall be for a fire, and he shall sanctify him with burning fire, and it shall devour the wood as grass.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the light of Yisrael shall be for a fire, and his Holy One for a flame: and it shall burn and devour his thorns and his briers in one day;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the light 216
{0216} Prime
אוֹר
'owr
{ore}
From H0215; illumination or (concretely) luminary (in every sense, including lightning, happiness, etc.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
for a fire, 784
{0784} Prime
אֵשׁ
'esh
{aysh}
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
and his Holy One 6918
{6918} Prime
קָדוֹשׁ
qadowsh
{kaw-doshe'}
From H6942; sacred (ceremonially or morally); (as noun) God (by eminence), an angel, a saint, a sanctuary.
for a flame: 3852
{3852} Prime
לֶהָבָה
lehabah
{leh-aw-baw'}
Feminine of H3851, and meaning the same.
and it shall burn 1197
{1197} Prime
בָּעַר
ba`ar
{baw-ar'}
A primitive root; to kindle, that is, consume (by fire or by eating); also (as denominative from H1198) to be (become) brutish.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and devour 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
his thorns 7898
{7898} Prime
שַׁיִת
shayith
{shah'-yith}
From H7896; scrub or trash, that is, wild growth of weeds or briers (as if put on the field).
and his briers 8068
{8068} Prime
שָׁמִיר
shamiyr
{shaw-meer'}
From H8104 in the original sense of pricking; a thorn; also (from its keenness for scratching) a gem, probably the diamond.
in one 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
day; 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 10:17-18

_ _ light of Israel — carrying out the image in the end of Isaiah 10:16. Jehovah, who is a light to Israel, shall be the “fire” (Deuteronomy 4:24; Hebrews 12:29) that shall ignite the “thorns,” (the Assyrians, like dry fuel, a ready prey to flame).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 10:5-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 10:17

The light — That God who is and will be a comfortable light to his people. A fire — To the Assyrians. Thorns — His vast army, which is no more able to resist God, than dry thorns and briars are to oppose the fire.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 10:17

And the light of Israel shall be for a (l) fire, and his Holy One for a flame: and it shall burn and devour (m) his thorns and his briers in one day;

(l) Meaning that God is a light to comfort his people and a fire to burn his enemies.

(m) That is, the Assyrians.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the light:

Isaiah 60:19 The sun shall be no more thy light by day; neither for brightness shall the moon give light unto thee: but the LORD shall be unto thee an everlasting light, and thy God thy glory.
Psalms 27:1 [[[A Psalm] of David.]] The LORD [is] my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? the LORD [is] the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid?
Psalms 84:11 For the LORD God [is] a sun and shield: the LORD will give grace and glory: no good [thing] will he withhold from them that walk uprightly.
Revelation 21:23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb [is] the light thereof.
Revelation 22:5 And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever.

for a flame:

Isaiah 30:27-28 Behold, the name of the LORD cometh from far, burning [with] his anger, and the burden [thereof is] heavy: his lips are full of indignation, and his tongue as a devouring fire: ... And his breath, as an overflowing stream, shall reach to the midst of the neck, to sift the nations with the sieve of vanity: and [there shall be] a bridle in the jaws of the people, causing [them] to err.
Isaiah 33:14 The sinners in Zion are afraid; fearfulness hath surprised the hypocrites. Who among us shall dwell with the devouring fire? who among us shall dwell with everlasting burnings?
Isaiah 64:1-2 Oh that thou wouldest rend the heavens, that thou wouldest come down, that the mountains might flow down at thy presence, ... As [when] the melting fire burneth, the fire causeth the waters to boil, to make thy name known to thine adversaries, [that] the nations may tremble at thy presence!
Isaiah 66:15-16 For, behold, the LORD will come with fire, and with his chariots like a whirlwind, to render his anger with fury, and his rebuke with flames of fire. ... For by fire and by his sword will the LORD plead with all flesh: and the slain of the LORD shall be many.
Isaiah 66:24 And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcases of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh.
Numbers 11:1-3 And [when] the people complained, it displeased the LORD: and the LORD heard [it]; and his anger was kindled; and the fire of the LORD burnt among them, and consumed [them that were] in the uttermost parts of the camp. ... And he called the name of the place Taberah: because the fire of the LORD burnt among them.
Numbers 16:35 And there came out a fire from the LORD, and consumed the two hundred and fifty men that offered incense.
Psalms 18:8 There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it.
Psalms 21:9 Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven in the time of thine anger: the LORD shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them.
Psalms 50:3 Our God shall come, and shall not keep silence: a fire shall devour before him, and it shall be very tempestuous round about him.
Psalms 83:14-15 As the fire burneth a wood, and as the flame setteth the mountains on fire; ... So persecute them with thy tempest, and make them afraid with thy storm.
Jeremiah 4:4 Circumcise yourselves to the LORD, and take away the foreskins of your heart, ye men of Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem: lest my fury come forth like fire, and burn that none can quench [it], because of the evil of your doings.
Jeremiah 7:20 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, mine anger and my fury shall be poured out upon this place, upon man, and upon beast, and upon the trees of the field, and upon the fruit of the ground; and it shall burn, and shall not be quenched.
Malachi 4:1-3 For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch. ... And ye shall tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles of your feet in the day that I shall do [this], saith the LORD of hosts.
Matthew 3:12 Whose fan [is] in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner; but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.
2 Thessalonians 1:7-9 And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, ... Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power;
Hebrews 12:29 For our God [is] a consuming fire.

devour:

Isaiah 27:4 Fury [is] not in me: who would set the briers [and] thorns against me in battle? I would go through them, I would burn them together.
Isaiah 37:36 Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they [were] all dead corpses.
Psalms 97:3 A fire goeth before him, and burneth up his enemies round about.
Nahum 1:5-6 The mountains quake at him, and the hills melt, and the earth is burned at his presence, yea, the world, and all that dwell therein. ... Who can stand before his indignation? and who can abide in the fierceness of his anger? his fury is poured out like fire, and the rocks are thrown down by him.
Nahum 1:10 For while [they be] folden together [as] thorns, and while they are drunken [as] drunkards, they shall be devoured as stubble fully dry.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 11:1; 16:35. Ps 18:8; 21:9; 27:1; 50:3; 83:14; 84:11; 97:3. Is 27:4; 30:27; 33:14; 37:36; 60:19; 64:1; 66:15, 24. Jr 4:4; 7:20. Na 1:5, 10. Mal 4:1. Mt 3:12. 2Th 1:7. He 12:29. Rv 21:23; 22:5.

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