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Isaiah 1:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the strong shall be as tow, and his work as a spark; and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the strong shall be as tow, and the maker of it as a spark, and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench [them].
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The strong man will become tinder, His work also a spark. Thus they shall both burn together And there will be none to quench [them].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the strong shall be as tow, and the maker of it as a spark, and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench [them].
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the strong shall be for tow, and his work a spark; and they shall both burn together, and there shall be none to quench [them].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then shall the strong, one become tow, And his work, a spark,—And they shall both blaze together, And there be none, to quench the fire.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the strong hath been for tow, And his work for a spark, And burned have both of them together, And there is none quenching!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And your strength shall be as the ashes of tow, and your work as a spark: and both shall burn together, and there shall be none to quench it.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the strong shall be as towe, and the maker of it as a sparke, and they shall both burne together, and none shall quench [them].
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And their strength shall be as a thread of tow, and their works as sparks, and the transgressors and the sinners shall be burnt up together, and there shall be none to quench [them].
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the strong shall be as tow, and the maker of it as a spark, and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench [them].

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the strong 2634
{2634} Prime
From H2630; powerful.
shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
as tow, 5296
{5296} Prime
From H5287; something shaken out, that is, tow (as the refuse of flax).
and the maker 6467
{6467} Prime
From H6466; an act or work (concretely).
of it as a spark, 5213
{5213} Prime
From H5340; a spark.
and they shall both 8147
{8147} Prime
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
burn 1197
{1197} Prime
A primitive root; to kindle, that is, consume (by fire or by eating); also (as denominative from H1198) to be (become) brutish.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
together, 3162
{3162} Prime
From H3161; properly a unit, that is, (adverbially) unitedly.
and none x369
(0369) Complement
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
shall quench 3518
{3518} Prime
A primitive root; to expire or (causatively) to extinguish (fire, light, anger).
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 1:31

_ _ strong — powerful rulers (Amos 2:9).

_ _ maker of it — rather, his work. He shall be at once the fuel, “tow,” and the cause of the fire, by kindling the first “spark.”

_ _ both — the wicked ruler, and “his work,” which “is as a spark.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 1:21-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 1:31

The strong — Your idols, which you think to be strong and able to defend you. As tow — Shall be as suddenly and easily, consumed by my judgments, as tow is by fire. The maker — Of the idol, who can neither save himself nor his workmanship.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 1:31

And the strong shall be as a (p) wick, and its maker as a spark, and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench [them].

(p) The false god's in which you put your confidence will be consumed as easily as a piece of wick.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the strong:

Ezekiel 32:21 The strong among the mighty shall speak to him out of the midst of hell with them that help him: they are gone down, they lie uncircumcised, slain by the sword.

as tow:

Isaiah 27:4 Fury [is] not in me: who would set the briers [and] thorns against me in battle? I would go through them, I would burn them together.
Isaiah 43:17 Which bringeth forth the chariot and horse, the army and the power; they shall lie down together, they shall not rise: they are extinct, they are quenched as tow.
Isaiah 50:11 Behold, all ye that kindle a fire, that compass [yourselves] about with sparks: walk in the light of your fire, and in the sparks [that] ye have kindled. This shall ye have of mine hand; ye shall lie down in sorrow.
Judges 15:14 [And] when he came unto Lehi, the Philistines shouted against him: and the Spirit of the LORD came mightily upon him, and the cords that [were] upon his arms became as flax that was burnt with fire, and his bands loosed from off his hands.
Revelation 6:14-17 And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places. ... For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?

the maker of it:
or, his work

and they:

Isaiah 34:9-10 And the streams thereof shall be turned into pitch, and the dust thereof into brimstone, and the land thereof shall become burning pitch. ... It shall not be quenched night nor day; the smoke thereof shall go up for ever: from generation to generation it shall lie waste; none shall pass through it for ever and ever.
Isaiah 66:24 And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcases of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh.
Ezekiel 20:47-48 And say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of the LORD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall devour every green tree in thee, and every dry tree: the flaming flame shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be burned therein. ... And all flesh shall see that I the LORD have kindled it: it shall not be quenched.
Malachi 4:1 For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch.
Matthew 3:10 And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.
Mark 9:43-49 And if thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched: ... For every one shall be salted with fire, and every sacrifice shall be salted with salt.
Revelation 14:10-11 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb: ... And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.
Revelation 19:20 And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.
Revelation 20:10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet [are], and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jg 15:14. Is 27:4; 34:9; 43:17; 50:11; 66:24. Ezk 20:47; 32:21. Mal 4:1. Mt 3:10. Mk 9:43. Rv 6:14; 14:10; 19:20; 20:10.

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