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Isaiah 1:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib; [but] Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib: [but] Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “An ox knows its owner, And a donkey its master’s manger, [But] Israel does not know, My people do not understand.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib: [but] Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib; Israel doth not know, my people hath no intelligence.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— An ox, knoweth, his owner, And an ass, his masters crib,—Israel, doth not know, My people, doth not consider.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— An ox hath known its owner, And an ass the crib of its master, Israel hath not known, My people hath not understood.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib: but Israel hath not known me, and my people hath not understood.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The oxe knoweth his owner, and the asse his masters cribbe: [but] Israel doeth not know, my people doeth not consider.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The ox knows his owner, and the ass his master's crib: but Israel does not know me, and the people has not regarded me.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib: [but] Yisrael doth not know, my people doth not consider.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The ox 7794
{7794} Prime
שׁוֹר
showr
{shore}
From H7788; a bullock (as a traveller). wall used by mistake for H7791.
knoweth 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
his owner, 7069
{7069} Prime
קָנָה
qanah
{kaw-naw'}
A primitive root; to erect, that is, create; by extension to procure, especially by purchase (causatively sell); by implication to own.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and the ass 2543
{2543} Prime
חֲמוֹר
chamowr
{kham-ore'}
From H2560; a male ass (from its dun red).
his master's 1167
{1167} Prime
בַּעַל
ba`al
{bah'-al}
From H1166; a master; hence a husband, or (figuratively) owner (often used with another noun in modifications of this latter sense.
crib: 18
{0018} Prime
אֵבוּס
'ebuwc
{ay-booce'}
From H0075; a manger or stall.
[but] Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
doth not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
know, 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
my people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
doth not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
consider. 995
{0995} Prime
בִּין
biyn
{bene}
A primitive root; to separate mentally (or distinguish), that is, (generally) understand.
z8712
<8712> Grammar
Stem - Hithpolel (See H8824)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 9
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 1:3

_ _ (Jeremiah 8:7).

_ _ crib — the stall where it is fed (Proverbs 14:4). Spiritually the word and ordinances.

_ _ Israel — The whole nation, Judah as well as Israel, in the restricted sense. God regards His covenant-people in their designed unity.

_ _ not know — namely, his Owner, as the parallelism requires; that is, not recognize Him as such (Exodus 19:5, equivalent to “my people,” John 1:10, John 1:11).

_ _ considerattend to his Master (Isaiah 41:8), notwithstanding the spiritual food which He provides (answering to “crib” in the parallel clause).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 1:2-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 1:3

Know — Me their owner and master. Knowing is here taken practically, as it is usually in scripture, and includes reverence and obedience.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 1:3

The (f) ox knoweth his owner, and the donkey his master's crib: [but] Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider.

(f) The most dull and brute beasts acknowledge their duty more toward their masters, than my people do toward me, of whom they have received benefits without comparison.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ox:

Proverbs 6:6 Go to the ant, thou sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise:
Jeremiah 8:7 Yea, the stork in the heaven knoweth her appointed times; and the turtle and the crane and the swallow observe the time of their coming; but my people know not the judgment of the LORD.

but Israel:

Isaiah 5:12 And the harp, and the viol, the tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts: but they regard not the work of the LORD, neither consider the operation of his hands.
Isaiah 27:11 When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the women come, [and] set them on fire: for it [is] a people of no understanding: therefore he that made them will not have mercy on them, and he that formed them will shew them no favour.
Isaiah 44:18 They have not known nor understood: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; [and] their hearts, that they cannot understand.
Deuteronomy 32:28-29 For they [are] a nation void of counsel, neither [is there any] understanding in them. ... O that they were wise, [that] they understood this, [that] they would consider their latter end!
Psalms 94:8 Understand, ye brutish among the people: and [ye] fools, when will ye be wise?
Jeremiah 4:22 For my people [is] foolish, they have not known me; they [are] sottish children, and they have none understanding: they [are] wise to do evil, but to do good they have no knowledge.
Jeremiah 9:3-6 And they bend their tongues [like] their bow [for] lies: but they are not valiant for the truth upon the earth; for they proceed from evil to evil, and they know not me, saith the LORD. ... Thine habitation [is] in the midst of deceit; through deceit they refuse to know me, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 10:8 But they are altogether brutish and foolish: the stock [is] a doctrine of vanities.
Jeremiah 10:14 Every man is brutish in [his] knowledge: every founder is confounded by the graven image: for his molten image [is] falsehood, and [there is] no breath in them.
Matthew 13:13-15 Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand. ... For this people's heart is waxed gross, and [their] ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with [their] eyes, and hear with [their] ears, and should understand with [their] heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.
Matthew 13:19 When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth [it] not, then cometh the wicked [one], and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart. This is he which received seed by the way side.
Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in [their] knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;
2 Peter 3:5 For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:28. Ps 94:8. Pv 6:6. Is 5:12; 27:11; 44:18. Jr 4:22; 8:7; 9:3; 10:8, 14. Mt 13:13, 19. Ro 1:28. 2P 3:5.

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