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Isaiah 1:29 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For they shall be ashamed of the oaks which ye have desired, and ye shall be confounded for the gardens that ye have chosen.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For they shall be ashamed of the oaks which ye have desired, and ye shall be confounded for the gardens that ye have chosen.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Surely you will be ashamed of the oaks which you have desired, And you will be embarrassed at the gardens which you have chosen.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For they shall be ashamed of the oaks which ye have desired, and ye shall be confounded for the gardens that ye have chosen.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For they shall be ashamed of the terebinths that ye have desired, and ye shall blush for the gardens that ye have chosen.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For they shall turn pale on account of the oaks, which ye desired,—And ye shall blush on account of the gardens, which ye had chosen;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For [men] are ashamed because of the oaks That ye have desired, And ye are confounded because of the gardens That ye have chosen.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For they shall be confounded for the idols, to which they have sacrificed: and you shall be ashamed of the gardens which you have chosen.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For they shall be ashamed of the okes which yee haue desired, and yee shalbe confounded for the gardens that yee haue chosen.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For they shall be ashamed of their idols, which they delighted in, and they are made ashamed of the gardens which they coveted.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For they shall be ashamed of the oaks which ye have desired, and ye shall be confounded for the gardens that ye have chosen.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
they shall be ashamed 954
{0954} Prime
בּושׁ
buwsh
{boosh}
A primitive root; properly to pale, that is, by implication to be ashamed; also (by implication) to be disappointed, or delayed.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
of the oaks 352
{0352} Prime
אַיִל
'ayil
{ah'-yil}
From the same as H0193; properly strength; hence anything strong; specifically a chief (politically); also a ram (from his strength); a pilaster (as a strong support); an oak or other strong tree.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
ye have desired, 2530
{2530} Prime
חמד
chamad
{khaw-mad'}
A primitive root; to delight in.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and ye shall be confounded 2659
{2659} Prime
חַפֵר
chapher
{khaw-fare'}
A primitive root (perhaps rather the same as H2658 through the idea of detection): to blush; figuratively to be ashamed, disappointed; causatively to shame, reproach.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
for the gardens 1593
{1593} Prime
גַּנָּה
gannah
{gan-naw'}
Feminine of H1588; a garden.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
ye have chosen. 977
{0977} Prime
בָּחַר
bachar
{baw-khar'}
A primitive root; properly to try, that is, (by implication) select.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 1:29

_ _ ashamed — (Romans 6:21).

_ _ oaks — Others translate the “terebinth” or “turpentine tree.” Groves were dedicated to idols. Our Druids took their name from the Greek for “oaks.” A sacred tree is often found in Assyrian sculpture; symbol of the starry hosts, Saba.

_ _ gardens — planted enclosures for idolatry; the counterpart of the garden of Eden.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 1:21-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 1:29

The oaks — Which, after the manner of the Heathen, you have consecrated to idolatrous uses. Gardens — In which, as well is in the groves, they committed idolatry.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 1:29

For they shall be ashamed of the (o) oaks which ye have desired, and ye shall be confounded for the gardens that ye have chosen.

(o) That is, the trees and pleasant places where you commit idolatry which was forbidden (Deuteronomy 16:22).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ashamed:

Isaiah 30:22 Ye shall defile also the covering of thy graven images of silver, and the ornament of thy molten images of gold: thou shalt cast them away as a menstruous cloth; thou shalt say unto it, Get thee hence.
Isaiah 31:7 For in that day every man shall cast away his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which your own hands have made unto you [for] a sin.
Isaiah 45:16 They shall be ashamed, and also confounded, all of them: they shall go to confusion together [that are] makers of idols.
Ezekiel 16:63 That thou mayest remember, and be confounded, and never open thy mouth any more because of thy shame, when I am pacified toward thee for all that thou hast done, saith the Lord GOD.
Ezekiel 36:31 Then shall ye remember your own evil ways, and your doings that [were] not good, and shall lothe yourselves in your own sight for your iniquities and for your abominations.
Hosea 14:3 Asshur shall not save us; we will not ride upon horses: neither will we say any more to the work of our hands, [Ye are] our gods: for in thee the fatherless findeth mercy.
Hosea 14:8 Ephraim [shall say], What have I to do any more with idols? I have heard [him], and observed him: I [am] like a green fir tree. From me is thy fruit found.
Romans 6:21 What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things [is] death.

the oaks:

Isaiah 57:5 Enflaming yourselves with idols under every green tree, slaying the children in the valleys under the clifts of the rocks?
*marg.
Ezekiel 6:13 Then shall ye know that I [am] the LORD, when their slain [men] shall be among their idols round about their altars, upon every high hill, in all the tops of the mountains, and under every green tree, and under every thick oak, the place where they did offer sweet savour to all their idols.
Hosea 4:13 They sacrifice upon the tops of the mountains, and burn incense upon the hills, under oaks and poplars and elms, because the shadow thereof [is] good: therefore your daughters shall commit whoredom, and your spouses shall commit adultery.

the gardens:

Isaiah 65:3 A people that provoketh me to anger continually to my face; that sacrificeth in gardens, and burneth incense upon altars of brick;
Isaiah 66:17 They that sanctify themselves, and purify themselves in the gardens behind one [tree] in the midst, eating swine's flesh, and the abomination, and the mouse, shall be consumed together, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 2:20 For of old time I have broken thy yoke, [and] burst thy bands; and thou saidst, I will not transgress; when upon every high hill and under every green tree thou wanderest, playing the harlot.
Jeremiah 3:6 The LORD said also unto me in the days of Josiah the king, Hast thou seen [that] which backsliding Israel hath done? she is gone up upon every high mountain and under every green tree, and there hath played the harlot.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 30:22; 31:7; 45:16; 57:5; 65:3; 66:17. Jr 2:20; 3:6. Ezk 6:13; 16:63; 36:31. Ho 4:13; 14:3, 8. Ro 6:21.

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