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Isaiah 1:25 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and I will turn my hand upon thee, and thoroughly purge away thy dross, and will take away all thy tin;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And I will turn my hand upon thee, and purely purge away thy dross, and take away all thy tin:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I will also turn My hand against you, And will smelt away your dross as with lye And will remove all your alloy.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And I will turn my hand upon thee, and thoroughly purge away thy dross, and take away all thy tin:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I will turn my hand upon thee, and will thoroughly purge away thy dross, and take away all thine alloy;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— That I may turn my hand against thee, And smelt away, as with potash, thy dross, And remove all thine alloy;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And I turn back My hand upon thee, And I refine as purity thy dross, And I turn aside all thy tin,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I will turn my hand to thee, and I will clean purge away thy dross, and I will take away all thy tin.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And I will turne my hand vpon thee, and purely purge away thy drosse, and take away all thy tinne.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I will bring my hand upon thee, and purge thee completely, and I will destroy the rebellious, and will take away from thee all transgressors.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And I will turn my hand upon thee, and purely purge away thy dross, and take away all thy tin:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And I will turn 7725
{7725} Prime
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
my hand 3027
{3027} Prime
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
thee, and purely y1253
[1253] Standard
The same as H1252; vegetable lye (from its cleansing); used as a soap for washing, or a flux for metals.
(1252) Complement
From H1305; purity.
purge away 6884
{6884} Prime
A primitive root; to fuse (metal), that is, refine (literally or figuratively).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
thy dross, 5509
{5509} Prime
From H5472 in the sense of refuse; scoria.
and take away 5493
{5493} Prime
A primitive root; to turn off (literally or figuratively).
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
all x3605
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
thy tin: 913
{0913} Prime
From H0914; alloy (because removed by smelting); by analogy tin.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 1:25

_ _ turn ... hand — not in wrath, but in grace (Zechariah 13:7), “upon thee,” as Isaiah 1:26, Isaiah 1:27 show; contrasted with the enemies, of whom He will avenge Himself (Isaiah 1:24).

_ _ purely — literally, “as alkali purifies.”

_ _ thy dross — not thy sins, but the sinful persons (Jeremiah 6:29); “enemies” (Isaiah 1:24); degenerate princes (see on Isaiah 1:22), intermingled with the elect “remnant” of grace.

_ _ tinHebrew, bedil, here the alloy of lead, tin, etc., separated by smelting from the silver. The pious Bishop Bedell took his motto from this.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 1:21-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 1:25

And purge — I will purge out of thee, those wicked men that are incorrigible, and for those of you that are curable, I will by my word, and by the furnace of affliction, purge out all that corruption that yet remains in you.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 1:25

And I will turn my hand upon thee, and thoroughly purge away thy dross, (k) and take away all thy tin:

(k) Lest the faithful among them should be overcome with his threatening he adds this consolation.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
And I:

Zechariah 13:7-9 Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man [that is] my fellow, saith the LORD of hosts: smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered: and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones. ... And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It [is] my people: and they shall say, The LORD [is] my God.
Revelation 3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

Heb. according to pureness


Isaiah 1:22 Thy silver is become dross, thy wine mixed with water:
Isaiah 4:4 When the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion, and shall have purged the blood of Jerusalem from the midst thereof by the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of burning.
Isaiah 6:11-13 Then said I, Lord, how long? And he answered, Until the cities be wasted without inhabitant, and the houses without man, and the land be utterly desolate, ... But yet in it [shall be] a tenth, and [it] shall return, and shall be eaten: as a teil tree, and as an oak, whose substance [is] in them, when they cast [their leaves: so] the holy seed [shall be] the substance thereof.
Jeremiah 6:29 The bellows are burned, the lead is consumed of the fire; the founder melteth in vain: for the wicked are not plucked away.
Jeremiah 9:7 Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, Behold, I will melt them, and try them; for how shall I do for the daughter of my people?
Ezekiel 20:38 And I will purge out from among you the rebels, and them that transgress against me: I will bring them forth out of the country where they sojourn, and they shall not enter into the land of Israel: and ye shall know that I [am] the LORD.
Zephaniah 3:11 In that day shalt thou not be ashamed for all thy doings, wherein thou hast transgressed against me: for then I will take away out of the midst of thee them that rejoice in thy pride, and thou shalt no more be haughty because of my holy mountain.
Malachi 3:3 And he shall sit [as] a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness.
Matthew 3:12 Whose fan [is] in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner; but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.
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Is 1:22; 4:4; 6:11. Jr 6:29; 9:7. Ezk 20:38. Zp 3:11. Zc 13:7. Mal 3:3. Mt 3:12. Rv 3:19.

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