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Isaiah 1:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— learn to do well; seek justice, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Learn to do good; Seek justice, Reprove the ruthless, Defend the orphan, Plead for the widow.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— learn to do well: seek judgment, gladden the oppressed, do justice to the fatherless, plead for the widow.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Learn to do well—Seek justice, Correct the oppressor,—Vindicate the fatherless, Plead the cause of the widow.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Seek judgment, make happy the oppressed, Judge the fatherless, strive [for] the widow.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Learn to do well: seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge for the fatherless, defend the widow.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Learne to doe well, seeke iudgement, relieue the oppressed, iudge the fatherlesse, plead for the widow.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— learn to do well; diligently seek judgement, deliver him that is suffering wrong, plead for the orphan, and obtain justice for the widow.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Learn 3925
{3925} Prime
לָמַד
lamad
{law-mad'}
A primitive root; properly to goad, that is, (by implication) to teach (the rod being an Oriental incentive).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
to do well; 3190
{3190} Prime
יָטַב
yatab
{yaw-tab'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively) make well, literally (sound, beautiful) or figuratively (happy, successful, right).
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
seek 1875
{1875} Prime
דּרשׁ
darash
{daw-rash'}
A primitive root; properly to tread or frequent; usually to follow (for pursuit or search); by implication to seek or ask; specifically to worship.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
judgment, 4941
{4941} Prime
מִשְׁפָּט
mishpat
{mish-pawt'}
From H8199; properly a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (particularly) divine law, individual or collectively), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly justice, including a particular right, or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style.
relieve 833
{0833} Prime
אָשַׁר
'ashar
{aw-shar'}
A primitive root; to be straight (used in the widest sense, especially to be level, right, happy); figuratively to go forward, be honest, prosper.
z8761
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
the oppressed, 2541
{2541} Prime
חָמוֹץ
chamowts
{khaw-motse'}
From H2556; properly violent; by implication a robber.
judge 8199
{8199} Prime
שָׁפַט
shaphat
{shaw-fat'}
A primitive root; to judge, that is, pronounce sentence (for or against); by implication to vindicate or punish; by extension to govern; passively to litigate (literally or figuratively).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
the fatherless, 3490
{3490} Prime
יָתוֹם
yathowm
{yaw-thome'}
From an unused root meaning to be lonely; a bereaved person.
plead 7378
{7378} Prime
רִיב
riyb
{reeb}
A primitive root; properly to toss, that is, grapple; mostly figuratively to wrangle, that is, hold a controversy; (by implication) to defend.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
for the widow. 490
{0490} Prime
אַלְמָנָה
'almanah
{al-maw-naw'}
Feminine of H0488; a widow; also a desolate place.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 1:17

_ _ seek judgmentjustice, as magistrates, instead of seeking bribes (Jeremiah 22:3, Jeremiah 22:16).

_ _ judge — vindicate (Psalms 68:5; James 1:27).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 1:16-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 1:17

Learn — Begin to live soberly, righteously, and godly. Judgment — Shew your religion to God, by practising justice to men. Judge — Defend and deliver them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 1:17

Learn to (z) do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.

(z) This kind of reasoning by the second table, the scriptures use in many places against the hypocrites who pretend holiness and religion in word, but when charity and love for their brethren should appear they declare that they have neither faith nor religion.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
seek:

Isaiah 1:23 Thy princes [are] rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one loveth gifts, and followeth after rewards: they judge not the fatherless, neither doth the cause of the widow come unto them.
Psalms 82:3-4 Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy. ... Deliver the poor and needy: rid [them] out of the hand of the wicked.
Proverbs 31:9 Open thy mouth, judge righteously, and plead the cause of the poor and needy.
Jeremiah 22:3 Thus saith the LORD; Execute ye judgment and righteousness, and deliver the spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor: and do no wrong, do no violence to the stranger, the fatherless, nor the widow, neither shed innocent blood in this place.
Jeremiah 22:15-16 Shalt thou reign, because thou closest [thyself] in cedar? did not thy father eat and drink, and do judgment and justice, [and] then [it was] well with him? ... He judged the cause of the poor and needy; then [it was] well [with him: was] not this to know me? saith the LORD.
Daniel 4:27 Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable unto thee, and break off thy sins by righteousness, and thine iniquities by shewing mercy to the poor; if it may be a lengthening of thy tranquillity.
Micah 6:8 He hath shewed thee, O man, what [is] good; and what doth the LORD require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God?
Zephaniah 2:3 Seek ye the LORD, all ye meek of the earth, which have wrought his judgment; seek righteousness, seek meekness: it may be ye shall be hid in the day of the LORD'S anger.
Zechariah 7:9-10 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and shew mercy and compassions every man to his brother: ... And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in your heart.
Zechariah 8:16 These [are] the things that ye shall do; Speak ye every man the truth to his neighbour; execute the judgment of truth and peace in your gates:

relieve:
or, righten
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 82:3. Pv 31:9. Is 1:23. Jr 22:3, 15. Dn 4:27. Mi 6:8. Zp 2:3. Zc 7:9; 8:16.

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