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Isaiah 1:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; new moon and sabbath, the calling of assemblies, -- I cannot away with iniquity and the solemn meeting.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; [it is] iniquity, even the solemn meeting.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Bring your worthless offerings no longer, Incense is an abomination to Me. New moon and sabbath, the calling of assemblies— I cannot endure iniquity and the solemn assembly.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination to me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot endure; [it is] iniquity, even the solemn meeting.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Bring no more vain oblations! Incense is an abomination unto me,—new moon and sabbath, the calling of convocations—wickedness and the solemn meeting I cannot bear.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Ye shall not again, bring in an empty, present, Incense, an abomination, is that, unto me! New moon, and sabbath, calling an assembly—I cannot endure, iniquity and sacred festival!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Add not to bring in a vain present, Incense—an abomination it [is] to Me, New moon, and sabbath, calling of convocation! Rendure not iniquity—and a restraint!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Offer sacrifice no more in vain: incense is an abomination to me. The new moons, and the sabbaths and other festivals I will not abide, your assemblies are wicked.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Bring no more vaine oblations, incense is an abomination vnto me: the new Moones, and Sabbaths, the calling of assemblies I cannot away with; [it is] iniquitie, euen the solemne meeting.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Though ye bring fine flour, [it is] vain; incense is an abomination to me; I cannot bear your new moons, and your sabbaths, and the great day;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; [it is] iniquity, even the solemn meeting.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Bring 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
no x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
more 3254
{3254} Prime
יָסַף
yacaph
{yaw-saf'}
A primitive root; to add or augment (often adverbially to continue to do a thing).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
vain 7723
{7723} Prime
שָׁוְא
shav'
{shawv}
From the same as H7722 in the sense of desolating; evil (as destructive), literally (ruin) or morally (especially guile); figuratively idolatry (as false, subjectively), uselessness (as deceptive, objectively; also adverbially in vain).
oblations; 4503
{4503} Prime
מִנְחָה
minchah
{min-khaw'}
From an unused root meaning to apportion, that is, bestow; a donation; euphemistically tribute; specifically a sacrificial offering (usually bloodless and voluntary).
incense 7004
{7004} Prime
קְטֹרֶת
q@toreth
{ket-o'-reth}
From H6999; a fumigation.
is an abomination 8441
{8441} Prime
תּוֹעֵבָה
tow`ebah
{to-ay-baw'}
Feminine active participle of H8581; properly something disgusting (morally), that is, (as noun) an abhorrence; especially idolatry or (concretely) an idol.
unto me; the new moons 2320
{2320} Prime
חֹדֶשׁ
chodesh
{kho'-desh}
From H2318; the new moon; by implication a month.
and sabbaths, 7676
{7676} Prime
שַׁבָּת
shabbath
{shab-bawth'}
Intensive from H7673; intermission, that is, (specifically) the Sabbath.
the calling 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
of assemblies, 4744
{4744} Prime
מִקְרָא
miqra'
{mik-raw'}
From H7121; something called out, that is, a public meeting (the act, the persons, or the palce); also a rehearsal.
I cannot x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
x3201
(3201) Complement
יָכֹל
yakol
{yaw-kole'}
A primitive root; to be able, literally (can, could) or morally (may, might).
away with; y3201
[3201] Standard
יָכֹל
yakol
{yaw-kole'}
A primitive root; to be able, literally (can, could) or morally (may, might).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[it is] iniquity, 205
{0205} Prime
אָוֶן
'aven
{aw-ven'}
From an unused root perhaps meaning properly to pant (hence to exert oneself, usually in vain; to come to naught); strictly nothingness; also trouble, vanity, wickedness; specifically an idol.
even the solemn meeting. 6116
{6116} Prime
עֲצָרָה
`atsarah
{ats-aw-raw'}
From H6113; an assembly, especially on a festival or holiday.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 1:13

_ _ oblations — unbloody; “meat (old English sense, not flesh) offerings,” that is, of flour, fruits, oil, etc. (Leviticus 2:1-13). Hebrew, mincha.

_ _ incense — put upon the sacrifices, and burnt on the altar of incense. Type of prayer (Psalms 141:2; Revelation 8:3).

_ _ new moons — observed as festivals (Numbers 10:10; Numbers 28:11, Numbers 28:14) with sacrifices and blowing of silver trumpets.

_ _ sabbaths — both the seventh day and the beginning and closing days of the great feasts (Leviticus 23:24-39).

_ _ away with — bear, Maurer translates, “I cannot bear iniquity and the solemn meeting,” that is, the meeting associated with iniquity — literally, the closing days of the feasts; so the great days (Leviticus 23:36; John 7:37).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 1:10-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 1:13

The solemn meeting — The most solemn day of each of the three feasts, which was the last day.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 1:13

(t) Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination to me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot endure; [it is] iniquity, even the solemn meeting.

(t) Without faith and repentance.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
vain:

Ezekiel 20:39 As for you, O house of Israel, thus saith the Lord GOD; Go ye, serve ye every one his idols, and hereafter [also], if ye will not hearken unto me: but pollute ye my holy name no more with your gifts, and with your idols.
Malachi 1:10 Who [is there] even among you that would shut the doors [for nought]? neither do ye kindle [fire] on mine altar for nought. I have no pleasure in you, saith the LORD of hosts, neither will I accept an offering at your hand.
Matthew 15:9 But in vain they do worship me, teaching [for] doctrines the commandments of men.
Luke 11:42 But woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye tithe mint and rue and all manner of herbs, and pass over judgment and the love of God: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone.

incense:

Isaiah 66:3 He that killeth an ox [is as if] he slew a man; he that sacrificeth a lamb, [as if] he cut off a dog's neck; he that offereth an oblation, [as if he offered] swine's blood; he that burneth incense, [as if] he blessed an idol. Yea, they have chosen their own ways, and their soul delighteth in their abominations.
Proverbs 21:27 The sacrifice of the wicked [is] abomination: how much more, [when] he bringeth it with a wicked mind?

the new:

Leviticus 23:1-44 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, ... And Moses declared unto the children of Israel the feasts of the LORD.
Numbers 28:1-29:40 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, ... And Moses told the children of Israel according to all that the LORD commanded Moses.
Deuteronomy 16:1-22 Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God: for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night. ... Neither shalt thou set thee up [any] image; which the LORD thy God hateth.
Lamentations 2:6 And he hath violently taken away his tabernacle, as [if it were of] a garden: he hath destroyed his places of the assembly: the LORD hath caused the solemn feasts and sabbaths to be forgotten in Zion, and hath despised in the indignation of his anger the king and the priest.
Joel 1:14 Sanctify ye a fast, call a solemn assembly, gather the elders [and] all the inhabitants of the land [into] the house of the LORD your God, and cry unto the LORD,
Joel 2:15 Blow the trumpet in Zion, sanctify a fast, call a solemn assembly:

it is:

1 Corinthians 11:17 Now in this that I declare [unto you] I praise [you] not, that ye come together not for the better, but for the worse.
Philippians 1:15 Some indeed preach Christ even of envy and strife; and some also of good will:

iniquity:
or, grief,
Psalms 78:40 How oft did they provoke him in the wilderness, [and] grieve him in the desert!
Ephesians 4:30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 23:1. Nu 28:1. Dt 16:1. Ps 78:40. Pv 21:27. Is 66:3. Lm 2:6. Ezk 20:39. Jol 1:14; 2:15. Mal 1:10. Mt 15:9. Lk 11:42. 1Co 11:17. Ep 4:30. Php 1:15.

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