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Isaiah 1:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— What unto me is the multitude of your sacrifices? saith Jehovah: I have had enough of the burnt-offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he-goats.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— To what purpose [is] the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “What are your multiplied sacrifices to Me?” Says the LORD. “I have had enough of burnt offerings of rams And the fat of fed cattle; And I take no pleasure in the blood of bulls, lambs or goats.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— To what purpose [is] the multitude of your sacrifices to me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt-offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he-goats.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith Jehovah. I am sated with burnt-offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and in the blood of bullocks, and of lambs, and of he-goats I take no pleasure.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Of what use to me, is your multitude of sacrifices? Saith Yahweh: I am sated with ascending-offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts,—In the blood of bulls and young rams and he-goats, have I no pleasure.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Why to Me the abundance of your sacrifices? saith Jehovah, I have been satiated [with] burnt-offerings of rams, And fat of fatlings; And blood of bullocks, and lambs, And he-goats I have not desired.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— To what purpose do you offer me the multitude of your victims, saith the Lord? I am full, I desire not holocausts of rams, and fat of fatlings, and blood of calves, and lambs, and buck goats.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices vnto me, sayth the LORD? I am full of the burnt offerings of rammes, and the fat of fedde beasts, and I delight not in the blood of bullockes, or of lambes, or of hee goates.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Of what [value] to me is the abundance of your sacrifices? saith the Lord: I am full of whole-burnt-offerings of rams; and I delight not in the fat of lambs, and the blood of bulls and goats:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— To what purpose [is] the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith Yahweh: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
To what 4100
{4100} Prime
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
purpose [is] the multitude 7230
{7230} Prime
רֹב
rob
{robe}
From H7231; abundance (in any respect).
of your sacrifices 2077
{2077} Prime
זֶבַח
zebach
{zeh'-bakh}
From H2076; properly a slaughter, that is, the flesh of an animal; by implication a sacrifice (the victim or the act).
unto me? saith 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Yhw יָהוֶה: 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
I am full 7646
{7646} Prime
שָׂבַע
saba`
{saw-bah'}
A primitive root; to sate, that is, fill to satisfaction (literally or figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
of the burnt offerings 5930
{5930} Prime
עֹלָה
`olah
{o-law'}
Feminine active participle of H5927; a step or (collectively stairs, as ascending); usually a holocaust (as going up in smoke).
of rams, 352
{0352} Prime
אַיִל
'ayil
{ah'-yil}
From the same as H0193; properly strength; hence anything strong; specifically a chief (politically); also a ram (from his strength); a pilaster (as a strong support); an oak or other strong tree.
and the fat 2459
{2459} Prime
חֶלֶב
cheleb
{kheh'-leb}
From an unused root meaning to be fat; fat, whether literally or figuratively; hence the richest or choice part.
of fed beasts; 4806
{4806} Prime
מְרִיא
m@riy'
{mer-ee'}
From H4754 in the sense of grossness, through the idea of domineering (compare H4756); stall fed; often (as noun) a beeve.
and I delight 2654
{2654} Prime
חָפֵץ
chaphets
{khaw-fates'}
A primitive root; properly to incline to; by implication (literally but rarely) to bend; figuratively to be pleased with, desire.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
in the blood 1818
{1818} Prime
דָּם
dam
{dawm}
From H1826 (compare H0119); blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (that is, drops of blood).
of bullocks, 6499
{6499} Prime
פַּר
par
{par}
From H6565; a bullock (apparently as breaking forth in wild strength, or perhaps as dividing the hoof).
or of lambs, 3532
{3532} Prime
כֶּבֶשׂ
kebes
{keh-bes'}
From an unused root meaning to dominate; a ram (just old enough to butt).
or of he goats. 6260
{6260} Prime
עַתּוּד
`attuwd
{at-tood'}
From H6257; prepared, that is, full grown; spoken only (in plural) of he goats, or (figuratively) leaders of the people.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 1:11

_ _ God does not here absolutely disparage sacrifice, which is as old and universal as sin (Genesis 3:21; Genesis 4:4), and sin is almost as old as the world; but sacrifice, unaccompanied with obedience of heart and life (1 Samuel 15:22; Psalms 50:9-13; Psalms 51:16-19; Hosea 6:6). Positive precepts are only means; moral obedience is the end. A foreshadowing of the gospel, when the One real sacrifice was to supersede all the shadowy ones, and “bring in everlasting righteousness” (Psalms 40:6, Psalms 40:7; Daniel 9:24-27; Hebrews 10:1-14).

_ _ full — to satiety; weary of

_ _ burnt offerings — burnt whole, except the blood, which was sprinkled about the altar.

_ _ fat — not to be eaten by man, but burnt on the altar (Leviticus 3:4, Leviticus 3:5, Leviticus 3:11, Leviticus 3:17).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 1:10-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 1:11

To me — Who am a spirit, and therefore cannot be satisfied with such carnal oblations, but expect to have your hearts and lives, as well as your bodies and sacrifices, presented unto me. Blood — He mentions the fat and blood, because these were in a peculiar manner reserved for God, to intimate that even the best of their sacrifices were rejected by him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 1:11

To what purpose [is] the multitude of your sacrifices to me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I (s) delight not in the blood of bulls, or of lambs, or of male goats.

(s) Although God commanded these sacrifices for a time, as aids and exercises of their faith, yet because the people did not have faith or repentance, God detests them, (Psalms 50:13; Jeremiah 6:20; Amos 5:22; Micah 6:7).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
what purpose:

Isaiah 66:3 He that killeth an ox [is as if] he slew a man; he that sacrificeth a lamb, [as if] he cut off a dog's neck; he that offereth an oblation, [as if he offered] swine's blood; he that burneth incense, [as if] he blessed an idol. Yea, they have chosen their own ways, and their soul delighteth in their abominations.
1 Samuel 15:22 And Samuel said, Hath the LORD [as great] delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey [is] better than sacrifice, [and] to hearken than the fat of rams.
Psalms 50:8 I will not reprove thee for thy sacrifices or thy burnt offerings, [to have been] continually before me.
Psalms 51:16 For thou desirest not sacrifice; else would I give [it]: thou delightest not in burnt offering.
Proverbs 15:8 The sacrifice of the wicked [is] an abomination to the LORD: but the prayer of the upright [is] his delight.
Proverbs 21:27 The sacrifice of the wicked [is] abomination: how much more, [when] he bringeth it with a wicked mind?
Jeremiah 6:20 To what purpose cometh there to me incense from Sheba, and the sweet cane from a far country? your burnt offerings [are] not acceptable, nor your sacrifices sweet unto me.
Jeremiah 7:21 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Put your burnt offerings unto your sacrifices, and eat flesh.
Amos 5:21 I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell in your solemn assemblies.
Micah 6:7 Will the LORD be pleased with thousands of rams, [or] with ten thousands of rivers of oil? shall I give my firstborn [for] my transgression, the fruit of my body [for] the sin of my soul?
Matthew 9:13 But go ye and learn what [that] meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: for I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.

he goats:
Heb. great he-goats
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 15:22. Ps 50:8; 51:16. Pv 15:8; 21:27. Is 66:3. Jr 6:20; 7:21. Am 5:21. Mi 6:7. Mt 9:13.

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