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Isaiah 1:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem, in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, [and] Hezekiah, kings of Judah.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz concerning Judah and Jerusalem, which he saw during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz [and] Hezekiah, kings of Judah.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, [and] Hezekiah, kings of Judah.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The vision of Isaiah the son of Amos, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, kings of Judah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The vision of Isaiah, son of Amoz, which he saw, concerning Judah and Jerusalem,—in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah,—kings of Judah.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The Visions of Isaiah son of Amoz, that he hath seen concerning Judah and Jerusalem, in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, kings of Judah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The vision of Isaias the Son of Amos, which he saw concerning Juda and Jerusalem in the days of Ozias, Joathan, Achaz, and Ezechias, kings of Juda.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The Uision of Isaiah the sonne of Amoz, which hee sawe concerning Iudah and Ierusalem, in the dayes of Uzziah, Iotham, Ahaz, [&] Hezekiah kings of Iudah.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The vision which Isaiah{gr.Esaias} the son of Amos saw, which he saw against Judah{gr.Juda}, and against Jerusalem, in the reign of Uzziah{gr.Ozias}, and Jotham{gr.Joatham}, and Ahaz{gr.Achaz}, and Hezekiah{gr.Ezekias}, who reigned over Judah{gr.Judea}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The vision of Yeshayah the son of Amotz, which he saw concerning Yehudah and Yerushalaim in the days of Uzziyyah, Yotham, Achaz, [and] Chizqiyyah, kings of Yehudah.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The vision 2377
{2377} Prime
חָזוֹן
chazown
{khaw-zone'}
From H2372; a sight (mentally), that is, a dream, revelation, or oracle.
of Ya`y יְשַׁעיָה 3470
{3470} Prime
יְשַׁעְיָה
Y@sha`yah
{yesh-ah-yaw'}
From H3467 and H3050; Jah has saved; Jeshajah, the name of seven Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of mx אָמוֹץ, 531
{0531} Prime
אָמוֹץ
'Amowts
{aw-mohts'}
From H0553; strong; Amots, an Israelite.
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
he saw 2372
{2372} Prime
חָזָה
chazah
{khaw-zaw'}
A primitive root; to gaze at; mentally to perceive, contemplate (with pleasure); specifically to have a vision of.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
concerning x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
Yh יְהוּדָה 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
and Yrlaim יְרוּשָׁלִַם 3389
{3389} Prime
יְרוּשָׁלִַם
Y@ruwshalaim
{yer-oo-shaw-lah'-im}
A dual (in allusion to its two main hills (the true pointing, at least of the former reading, seems to be that of H3390)); probably from (the passive participle of) H3384 and H7999; founded peaceful; Jerushalaim or Jerushalem, the capital city of Palestine.
in the days 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
of `Uzziyy עֻזִּיָּה, 5818
{5818} Prime
עֻזִּיָּה
`Uzziyah
{ooz-zee-yaw'}
From H5797 and H3050; strength of Jah; Uzzijah, the name of five Israelites.
Ym יוֹתָם, 3147
{3147} Prime
יוֹתָם
Yowtham
{yo-thawm'}
From H3068 and H8535; Jehovah (is) perfect; Jotham, the name of three Israelites.
z אָחָז, 271
{0271} Prime
אָחָז
'Achaz
{aw-khawz'}
From H0270; possessor; Achaz, the name of a Jewish king and of an Israelite.
[and] izkiyy חִזקִיָּה, 3169
{3169} Prime
יְחִזְקִיָּהוּ
Y@chizqiyah
{yekh-iz-kee-yaw'}
From H3388 and H3050; strengthened of Jah; Jechizkijah, the name of five Israelites.
kings 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Yh יְהוּדָה. 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 1:1

_ _ The General Title or Program applying to the entire book: this discountenances the Talmud tradition, that he was sawn asunder by Manasseh.

_ _ Isaiah — equivalent to “The Lord shall save”; significant of the subject of his prophecies. On “vision,” see 1 Samuel 9:9; Numbers 12:6; and see my Introduction.

_ _ Judah and Jerusalem — Other nations also are the subjects of his prophecies; but only in their relation to the Jews (Isaiah 13:1-23:18); so also the ten tribes of Israel are introduced only in the same relation (Isaiah 7:1-9:21). Jerusalem is particularly specified, being the site of the temple, and the center of the theocracy, and the future throne of Messiah (Psalms 48:2, Psalms 48:3, Psalms 48:9; Jeremiah 3:17). Jesus Christ is the “Lion of the tribe of Judah” (Revelation 5:5).

_ _ Uzziah — called also Azariah (2 Kings 14:21; 2 Chronicles 26:1, 2 Chronicles 26:17, 2 Chronicles 26:20). The Old Testament prophecies spiritually interpret the histories, as the New Testament Epistles interpret the Gospels and Acts. Study them together, to see their spiritual relations. Isaiah prophesied for only a few years before Uzziah’s death; but his prophecies of that period (Isaiah 1:1-6:13) apply to Jotham’s reign also, in which he probably wrote none; for Isaiah 7:1-25 enters immediately on Ahaz’ reign, after Uzziah in Isaiah 6:1-13; the prophecies under Hezekiah follow next.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Isaiah 1:1

_ _ Here is, I. The name of the prophet, Isaiah, or Jesahiahu (for so it is in the Hebrew), which, in the New Testament is read Esaias. His name signifies the salvation of the Lord — a proper name for a prophet by whom God gives knowledge of salvation to his people, especially for this prophet, who prophesies so much of Jesus the Saviour and of the great salvation wrought out by him. He is said to be the son of Amoz, not Amos the prophet (the two names in the Hebrew differ more than in the English), but, as the Jews think, of Amoz the brother, or son, of Amaziah king of Judah, a tradition as uncertain as that rule which they give, that, where a prophet's father is named, he also was himself a prophet. The prophets' pupils and successors are indeed often called their sons, but we have few instances, if any, of their own sons being their successors.

_ _ II. The nature of the prophecy. It is a vision, being revealed to him in a vision, when he was awake, and heard the words of God, and saw the visions of the Almighty (as Balaam speaks, Numbers 24:4), though perhaps it was not so illustrious a vision at first as that afterwards, Amos 6:1. The prophets were called seers, or seeing men, and therefore their prophecies are fitly called visions. It was what he saw with the eyes of his mind, and foresaw as clearly by divine revelation, was as well assured of it, as fully apprised of it, and as much affected with it, as if he had seen it with his bodily eyes. Note 1. God's prophets saw what they spoke of, knew what they said, and require our belief of nothing but what they themselves believed and were sure of, John 6:69; 1 John 1:1. 2. They could not but speak what they saw, because they saw how much all about them were concerned in it, Acts 4:20; 2 Corinthians 4:13.

_ _ III. The subject of the prophecy. It was what he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem, the country of the two tribes, and that city which was their metropolis; and there is little in it relating to Ephraim, or the ten tribes, of whom there is so much said in the prophecy of Hosea. Some chapters there are in this book which relate to Babylon, Egypt, Tyre, and some other neighbouring nations; but it takes its title from that which is the main substance of it, and is therefore said to be concerning Judah and Jerusalem, the other nations spoken of being such as the people of the Jews had concern with. Isaiah brings to them in a special manner, 1. Instruction; for it is the privilege of Judah and Jerusalem that to them pertain the oracles of God. 2. Reproof and threatening; for if in Judah, where God is known, if in Salem, where his name is great, iniquity be found, they, sooner than any other, shall be reckoned with for it. 3. Comfort and encouragement in evil times; for the children of Zion shall be joyful in their king.

_ _ IV. The date of the prophecy. Isaiah prophesied in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah. By this it appears, 1. That he prophesied long, especially if (as the Jews say) he was at last put to death by Manasseh, to a cruel death, being sawn asunder, to which some suppose the apostle refers, Hebrews 11:37. From the year that king Uzziah died (Isaiah 6:1) to Hezekiah's sickness and recovery was forty-seven years; how much before, and after, he prophesied, is not certain; some reckon sixty, others eighty years in all. It was an honour to him, and a happiness to his country, that he was continued so long in his usefulness; and we must suppose both that he began young and that he held out to old age; for the prophets were not tied, as the priests were, to a certain age, for the beginning or ending of their administration. 2. That he passed through variety of times. Jotham was a good king, and Hezekiah a better, and no doubt gave encouragement to and took advice from this prophet, were patrons to him, and he a privy-counsellor to them; but between them, and when Isaiah was in the prime of his time, the reign of Ahaz was very profane and wicked; then, no doubt, he was frowned upon at court, and, it is likely, forced to abscond. Good men and good ministers must expect bad times in this world, and prepare for them. Then religion was run down to such a degree that the doors of the house of the Lord were shut up and idolatrous altars were erected in every corner of Jerusalem; and Isaiah, with all his divine eloquence and messages immediately from God himself, could not help it. The best men, the best ministers, cannot do the good they would do in the world.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 1:1

Vision — Or, the visions; the word being here collectively used: the sense is, this is the book of the visions or prophecies. As prophets were called Seers, 1 Samuel 9:9, so prophecies are called visions, because they were as clearly and certainly represented to the prophets minds, as bodily objects are to mens eyes. Saw — Foresaw and foretold. But he speaks, after the manner of the prophets, of things to come, as if they were either past or present. Judah — Principally, but not exclusively. For he prophecies also concerning Egypt and Babylon, and divers other countries; yet with respect to Judah. The days — ln the time of their reign. Whence it may be gathered, that Isaiah exercised his prophetical office above fifty years altogether.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 1:1

The (a) vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw (b) concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of (c) Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, [and] Hezekiah, kings of Judah.

The Argument — God, according to his promise in (Deuteronomy 18:15) that he would never leave his Church destitute of a prophet, has from time to time accomplished the same: whose office was not only to declare to the people the things to come, of which they had a special revelation, but also to interpret and declare the law, and to apply particularly the doctrine contained briefly in it, for the use and profit of those to whom they thought it chiefly to belong, and as the time and state of things required. Principally in the declaration of the law, they had respect to three things which were the ground of their doctrine: first, to the doctrine contained briefly in the two tables: secondly to the promises and threatenings of the law: and thirdly to the covenant of grace and reconciliation grounded on our Saviour Jesus Christ, who is the end of the law. To which they neither added nor diminished, but faithfully expounded the sense and meaning of it. As God gave them understanding of things, they applied the promises particularly for the comfort of the Church and the members of it, and also denounced the menaces against the enemies of the same: not for any care or regard to the enemies, but to assure the Church of their safeguard by the destruction of their enemies. Concerning the doctrine of reconciliation, they have more clearly entreated it than Moses, and set forth more lively Jesus Christ, in whom this covenant of reconciliation was made. In all these things Isaiah surpassed all the prophets, and was diligent to set out the same, with vehement admonitions, reprehensions, and consolations: ever applying the doctrine as he saw that the disease of the people required. He declares also many notable prophecies which he had received from God, concerning the promise of the Messiah, his office and kingdom, the favour of God toward his Church, the calling of the Gentiles and their union with the Jews. Which are principal points contained in this book, and a gathering of his sermons that he preached. Which after certain days that they had stood upon the temple door (for the manner of the prophets was to post the sum of their doctrine for certain days, that the people might the better mark it as in (Isaiah 8:1; Habakkuk 2:2)) the priests took it down and reserved it among their registers. By God's providence these books were preserved as a monument to the Church forever. Concerning his person and time he was of the king's stock (for Amos his father was brother to Azariah king of Judah, as the best writers agree) and prophesied more than 64 years, from the time of Uzziah to the reign of Manasseh who was his son-in-law (as the Hebrews write) and by whom he was put to death. In reading of the prophets, this one thing among others is to be observed, that they speak of things to come as though they were now past because of the certainty of it, and that they could not but come to pass, because God had ordained them in his secret counsel and so revealed them to his prophets.

(a) That is, a revelation or prophecy, which was one of the two means by which God declared himself to his servants in old times, as in (Numbers 12:6) and therefore the prophets were called seers, (1 Samuel 9:9).

(b) Isaiah was chiefly sent to Judah and Jerusalem, but not only: for in this book are prophecies concerning other nations also.

(c) Called also Azariah, (2 Kings 15:1) of these kings read (2Ki. 14:1-21:1; 2Ch. 25:1-33:1).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
vision:

Isaiah 21:2 A grievous vision is declared unto me; the treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth. Go up, O Elam: besiege, O Media; all the sighing thereof have I made to cease.
Numbers 12:6 And he said, Hear now my words: If there be a prophet among you, [I] the LORD will make myself known unto him in a vision, [and] will speak unto him in a dream.
Numbers 24:4 He hath said, which heard the words of God, which saw the vision of the Almighty, falling [into a trance], but having his eyes open:
Numbers 24:16 He hath said, which heard the words of God, and knew the knowledge of the most High, [which] saw the vision of the Almighty, falling [into a trance], but having his eyes open:
2 Chronicles 32:32 Now the rest of the acts of Hezekiah, and his goodness, behold, they [are] written in the vision of Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, [and] in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel.
Psalms 89:19 Then thou spakest in vision to thy holy one, and saidst, I have laid help upon [one that is] mighty; I have exalted [one] chosen out of the people.
Jeremiah 23:16 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, Hearken not unto the words of the prophets that prophesy unto you: they make you vain: they speak a vision of their own heart, [and] not out of the mouth of the LORD.
Nahum 1:1 The burden of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.
Habakkuk 2:2 And the LORD answered me, and said, Write the vision, and make [it] plain upon tables, that he may run that readeth it.
Matthew 17:9 And as they came down from the mountain, Jesus charged them, saying, Tell the vision to no man, until the Son of man be risen again from the dead.
Acts 10:17 Now while Peter doubted in himself what this vision which he had seen should mean, behold, the men which were sent from Cornelius had made enquiry for Simon's house, and stood before the gate,
Acts 26:19 Whereupon, O king Agrippa, I was not disobedient unto the heavenly vision:
2 Corinthians 12:1 It is not expedient for me doubtless to glory. I will come to visions and revelations of the Lord.

saw:

Isaiah 2:1 The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem.
Isaiah 13:1 The burden of Babylon, which Isaiah the son of Amoz did see.
2 Peter 1:21 For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake [as they were] moved by the Holy Ghost.

the days:

Isaiah 6:1 In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple.
2 Chronicles 26:1-32:33 Then all the people of Judah took Uzziah, who [was] sixteen years old, and made him king in the room of his father Amaziah. ... And Hezekiah slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the chiefest of the sepulchres of the sons of David: and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem did him honour at his death. And Manasseh his son reigned in his stead.
Hosea 1:1 The word of the LORD that came unto Hosea, the son of Beeri, in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, [and] Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel.
Amos 1:1 The words of Amos, who was among the herdmen of Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel, two years before the earthquake.
Micah 1:1 The word of the LORD that came to Micah the Morasthite in the days of Jotham, Ahaz, [and] Hezekiah, kings of Judah, which he saw concerning Samaria and Jerusalem.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 12:6; 24:4, 16. 2Ch 26:1; 32:32. Ps 89:19. Is 2:1; 6:1; 13:1; 21:2. Jr 23:16. Ho 1:1. Am 1:1. Mi 1:1. Na 1:1. Hab 2:2. Mt 17:9. Ac 10:17; 26:19. 2Co 12:1. 2P 1:21.

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Dear Debra,
May I humbly refer you to Professor Avraham Gileadi. His gift to the world is the profound study and gift of the Book of Isaiah. You won't be disappointed sister.

http://www.isaiahexplained.com/
- Glenda (8/13/2015 10:21:51 PM)
I am trying to look up in the new king james version the lexicons in Aramaic and greek the original words and their definition I previously was able to do this without problem on q bible can anyone explain how to do this now as my studies are crippled without this aid I have tried contacting q bible and it pops up this site is unavailable someone please help
- Debra (5/12/2015 2:45:39 AM)
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