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Hosea 9:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I found Israel like grapes in the wilderness; I saw your fathers as the first-ripe in the fig-tree at its first season: but they came to Baal-peor, and consecrated themselves unto the shameful thing, and became abominable like that which they loved.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I found Israel like grapes in the wilderness; I saw your fathers as the firstripe in the fig tree at her first time: [but] they went to Baalpeor, and separated themselves unto [that] shame; and [their] abominations were according as they loved.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I found Israel like grapes in the wilderness; I saw your forefathers as the earliest fruit on the fig tree in its first [season]. [But] they came to Baal-peor and devoted themselves to shame, And they became as detestable as that which they loved.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I found Israel like grapes in the wilderness; I saw your fathers as the first ripe in the fig-tree at her first time: [but] they went to Baal-peor, and separated themselves to [that] shame; and [their] abominations were according as they loved.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I found Israel as grapes in the wilderness; as first-ripe fruit on the fig-tree, I saw your fathers at the beginning: they went to Baal-Peor, and separated themselves unto that shame, and became abominations like their lover.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Like grapes in the desert, found I Israel, like the first-ripe in the fig-tree when it is young, saw I your fathers,—they, entered Baal-peor, and devoted themselves to the Shameful Thing, Then became their abominations like their lusts.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— As grapes in a wilderness I found Israel, As the first-fruit in a fig-tree, at its beginning, I have seen your fathers, They—they have gone in [to] Baal-Peor, And are separated to a shameful thing, And are become abominable like their love.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I found Israel like grapes in the desert, I saw their fathers like the firstfruits of the fig tree in the top thereof: but they went in to Beelphegor, and alienated themselves to that confusion, and became abominable, as those things were, which they loved.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I found Israel like grapes in the wildernesse: I saw your fathers as the first ripe in the fig tree at her first time: [but] they went to Baalpeor, and separated themselues vnto that shame, and [their] abominations were according as they loued.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I found Israel as grapes in the wilderness, and I saw their fathers as an early watchman in a fig-tree: they went in to Baal{gr.Beel}-phegor, and were shamefully estranged, and the abominable became as the beloved.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I found Yisrael like grapes in the wilderness; I saw your fathers as the firstripe in the fig tree at her first time: [but] they went to Baal Peor, and separated themselves unto [that] shame; and [their] abominations were according as they loved.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I found 4672
{4672} Prime
מָצָא
matsa'
{maw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; properly to come forth to, that is, appear or exist; transitively to attain, that is, find or acquire; figuratively to occur, meet or be present.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
like grapes 6025
{6025} Prime
עֵנָב
`enab
{ay-nawb'}
From an unused root probably meaning to bear fruit; a grape.
in the wilderness; 4057
{4057} Prime
מִדְבָּר
midbar
{mid-bawr'}
From H1696 in the sense of driving; a pasture (that is, open field, whither cattle are driven); by implication a desert; also speech (including its organs).
I saw 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
your fathers 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
as the firstripe 1063
{1063} Prime
בִּכּוּרָה
bikkuwrah
{bik-koo-raw'}
Feminine of H1061; the early fig.
in the fig tree 8384
{8384} Prime
תְּאֵן
t@'en
{teh-ane'}
The second form being singular and feminine; perhaps of foreign derivation; the fig (tree or fruit).
at her first time: 7225
{7225} Prime
רֵאשִׁית
re'shiyth
{ray-sheeth'}
From the same as H7218; the first, in place, time, order or rank (specifically a firstfruit).
[but] they x1992
(1992) Complement
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
went 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to Ba`al P`r בַּעַל־פְּעוֹר, 1187
{1187} Prime
בַּעַל פְּעוֹר
Ba`al P@`owr
{bah'-al peh-ore'}
From H1168 and H6465; Baal of Peor; Baal Peor, a Moabitish deity.
and separated y5144
[5144] Standard
נָזַר
nazar
{naw-zar'}
A primitive root; to hold aloof, that is, (intransitively) abstain (from food and drink, from impurity, and even from divine worship (that is, apostatize)); specifically to set apart (to sacred purposes), that is, devote.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
themselves x5144
(5144) Complement
נָזַר
nazar
{naw-zar'}
A primitive root; to hold aloof, that is, (intransitively) abstain (from food and drink, from impurity, and even from divine worship (that is, apostatize)); specifically to set apart (to sacred purposes), that is, devote.
unto [that] shame; 1322
{1322} Prime
בֹּשֶׁת
bosheth
{bo'-sheth}
From H0954; shame (the feeling and the condition, as well as its cause); by implication (specifically) an idol.
and [their] abominations 8251
{8251} Prime
שִׁקּוּץ
shiqquwts
{shik-koots'}
From H8262; disgusting, that is, filthy; especially idolatrous or (concretely) an idol.
were x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
according as they loved. 157
{0157} Prime
אָהַב
'ahab
{aw-hab'}
A primitive root; to have affection for (sexually or otherwise).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 9:10

_ _ As the traveler in a wilderness is delighted at finding grapes to quench his thirst, or the early fig (esteemed a great delicacy in the East, Isaiah 28:4; Jeremiah 24:2; Micah 7:1); so it was My delight to choose your fathers as My peculiar people in Egypt (Hosea 2:15).

_ _ at her first time — when the first-fruits of the tree become ripe.

_ _ went to Baal-peor — (Numbers 25:3): the Moabite idol, in whose worship young women prostituted themselves; the very sin Israel latterly was guilty of.

_ _ separated themselves — consecrated themselves.

_ _ unto that shame — to that shameful or foul idol (Jeremiah 11:13).

_ _ their abominations were according as they loved — rather, as Vulgate, “they became abominable like the object of their love” (Deuteronomy 7:26; Psalms 115:8). English Version gives good sense, “their abominable idols they followed after, according as their lusts prompted them” (Amos 4:5, Margin).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 9:7-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 9:10

I found Israel — The Lord speaks of himself in the person of a traveller, who unexpectedly in the wilderness finds a vine loaded with grapes; such love did God bear to Israel. Your fathers — Whom I brought out of Egypt. As the first — ripe — As the earliest ripe fruit of the fig — tree, which is most valued and desired. Separated themselves — Consecrated themselves to that shameful idol. Their abominations — Their idols, and way of worshipping them. As they loved — As they fancied.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hosea 9:10

I found Israel like (l) grapes in the wilderness; I saw your fathers as the firstripe in the fig tree at her first time: [but] they went to Baalpeor, and separated themselves unto [that] shame; and [their] abominations were according (m) as they loved.

(l) Meaning, that he esteemed them and delighted in them in this way.

(m) They were as abominable to me, as their lovers the idols.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
found:

Hosea 11:1 When Israel [was] a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt.
Exodus 19:4-6 Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and [how] I bare you on eagles' wings, and brought you unto myself. ... And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These [are] the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.
Deuteronomy 32:10 He found him in a desert land, and in the waste howling wilderness; he led him about, he instructed him, he kept him as the apple of his eye.
Jeremiah 2:2-3 Go and cry in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, Thus saith the LORD; I remember thee, the kindness of thy youth, the love of thine espousals, when thou wentest after me in the wilderness, in a land [that was] not sown. ... Israel [was] holiness unto the LORD, [and] the firstfruits of his increase: all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 31:2 Thus saith the LORD, The people [which were] left of the sword found grace in the wilderness; [even] Israel, when I went to cause him to rest.

grapes:

Hosea 2:15 And I will give her her vineyards from thence, and the valley of Achor for a door of hope: and she shall sing there, as in the days of her youth, and as in the day when she came up out of the land of Egypt.
Numbers 13:23-24 And they came unto the brook of Eshcol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it between two upon a staff; and [they brought] of the pomegranates, and of the figs. ... The place was called the brook Eshcol, because of the cluster of grapes which the children of Israel cut down from thence.
Isaiah 28:4 And the glorious beauty, which [is] on the head of the fat valley, shall be a fading flower, [and] as the hasty fruit before the summer; which [when] he that looketh upon it seeth, while it is yet in his hand he eateth it up.
Micah 7:1 Woe is me! for I am as when they have gathered the summer fruits, as the grapegleanings of the vintage: [there is] no cluster to eat: my soul desired the firstripe fruit.

but:

Numbers 25:3-18 And Israel joined himself unto Baalpeor: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel. ... For they vex you with their wiles, wherewith they have beguiled you in the matter of Peor, and in the matter of Cozbi, the daughter of a prince of Midian, their sister, which was slain in the day of the plague for Peor's sake.
Deuteronomy 4:3 Your eyes have seen what the LORD did because of Baalpeor: for all the men that followed Baalpeor, the LORD thy God hath destroyed them from among you.
Psalms 106:28 They joined themselves also unto Baalpeor, and ate the sacrifices of the dead.

separated:

Hosea 4:14 I will not punish your daughters when they commit whoredom, nor your spouses when they commit adultery: for themselves are separated with whores, and they sacrifice with harlots: therefore the people [that] doth not understand shall fall.
Judges 6:32 Therefore on that day he called him Jerubbaal, saying, Let Baal plead against him, because he hath thrown down his altar.
1 Kings 16:31 And it came to pass, as if it had been a light thing for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, that he took to wife Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal king of the Zidonians, and went and served Baal, and worshipped him.
Jeremiah 11:13 For [according to] the number of thy cities were thy gods, O Judah; and [according to] the number of the streets of Jerusalem have ye set up altars to [that] shameful thing, [even] altars to burn incense unto Baal.
Romans 6:21 What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things [is] death.

and their:

Numbers 15:39 And it shall be unto you for a fringe, that ye may look upon it, and remember all the commandments of the LORD, and do them; and that ye seek not after your own heart and your own eyes, after which ye use to go a whoring:
Deuteronomy 32:17 They sacrificed unto devils, not to God; to gods whom they knew not, to new [gods that] came newly up, whom your fathers feared not.
Psalms 81:12 So I gave them up unto their own hearts' lust: [and] they walked in their own counsels.
Jeremiah 5:31 The prophets prophesy falsely, and the priests bear rule by their means; and my people love [to have it] so: and what will ye do in the end thereof?
Ezekiel 20:8 But they rebelled against me, and would not hearken unto me: they did not every man cast away the abominations of their eyes, neither did they forsake the idols of Egypt: then I said, I will pour out my fury upon them, to accomplish my anger against them in the midst of the land of Egypt.
Amos 4:5 And offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving with leaven, and proclaim [and] publish the free offerings: for this liketh you, O ye children of Israel, saith the Lord GOD.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 19:4. Nu 13:23; 15:39; 25:3. Dt 4:3; 32:10, 17. Jg 6:32. 1K 16:31. Ps 81:12; 106:28. Is 28:4. Jr 2:2; 5:31; 11:13; 31:2. Ezk 20:8. Ho 2:15; 4:14; 11:1. Am 4:5. Mi 7:1. Ro 6:21.

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