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Hosea 8:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He hath cast off thy calf, O Samaria; mine anger is kindled against them: how long will it be ere they attain to innocency?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thy calf, O Samaria, hath cast [thee] off; mine anger is kindled against them: how long [will it be] ere they attain to innocency?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He has rejected your calf, O Samaria, [saying], “My anger burns against them!” How long will they be incapable of innocence?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thy calf, O Samaria, hath cast [thee] off; my anger is kindled against them: how long [will it be] ere they attain to innocence?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thy calf, O Samaria, hath cast [thee] off; mine anger is kindled against them: how long will they be incapable of purity?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He hath cast away thy calf, O Samaria, kindled is mine anger upon them,—How long shall they not endure to be innocent?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Cast off hath thy calf, O Samaria, Burned hath Mine anger against them, Till when are they not capable of purity?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thy calf, O Samaria, is cast off, my wrath is kindled against them. How long will they be incapable of being cleansed?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thy calfe, O Samaria, hath cast thee off: mine anger is kindled against them: how long will it bee ere they attaine to innocencie?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Cast off thy calf, O Samaria; mine anger is kindled against them: how long will they be unable to purge themselves in Israel?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thy calf, O Shomron, hath cast [thee] off; mine anger is kindled against them: how long [will it be] ere they attain to innocency?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thy calf, 5695
{5695} Prime
עֵגֶל
`egel
{ay'-ghel}
From the same as H5696; a (male) calf (as frisking round), especially one nearly grown (that is, a steer).
O mrn שֹׁמרוֹן, 8111
{8111} Prime
שֹׁמְרוֹן
Shom@rown
{sho-mer-one'}
From the active participle of H8104; watch station; Shomeron, a place in Palestine.
hath cast y2186
[2186] Standard
זָנַח
zanach
{zaw-nakh'}
A primitive root meaning to push aside, that is, reject, forsake, fail.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
[thee] off; x2186
(2186) Complement
זָנַח
zanach
{zaw-nakh'}
A primitive root meaning to push aside, that is, reject, forsake, fail.
mine anger 639
{0639} Prime
אַף
'aph
{af}
From H0599; properly the nose or nostril; hence the face, and occasionally a person; also (from the rapid breathing in passion) ire.
is kindled 2734
{2734} Prime
חָרָה
charah
{khaw-raw'}
A primitive root (compare H2787); to glow or grow warm; figuratively (usually) to blaze up, of anger, zeal, jealousy.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
against them: how long x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
x4970
(4970) Complement
מָתַי
mathay
{maw-thah'ee}
From an unused root meaning to extend; properly extent (of time); but used only adverbially (especially with other particles prefixed), when (either relative or interrogitive).
[will it be] ere 3808
{3808} Prime
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
they attain 3201
{3201} Prime
יָכֹל
yakol
{yaw-kole'}
A primitive root; to be able, literally (can, could) or morally (may, might).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to innocency? 5356
{5356} Prime
נִקָּיוֹן
niqqayown
{nik-kaw-yone'}
From H5352; clearness (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 8:5

_ _ hath cast thee off — As the ellipsis of thee is unusual, Maurer translates, “thy calf is abominable.” But the antithesis to Hosea 8:3 establishes English Version, “Israel hath cast off the thing that is good”; therefore, in just retribution, “thy calf hath cast thee off,” that is, is made by God the cause of thy being cast off (Hosea 10:15). Jeroboam, during his sojourn in Egypt, saw Apis worshipped at Memphis, and Mnevis at Heliopolis, in the form of an ox; this, and the temple cherubim, suggested the idea of the calves set up at Dan and Beth-el.

_ _ how long ... ere they attain to innocency? — How long will they be incapable of bearing innocency? [Maurer].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 8:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 8:5

Thy calf — The chief idol set up in Samaria. Cast thee off — Hath provoked God to cast thee off. Against them — Idols, and idol worshippers. How long — How long will it be, ere they repent and reform?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hosea 8:5

Thy calf, O Samaria, hath cast [thee] off; mine anger is kindled against them: how long [will it be] ere they attain to (d) innocency?

(d) That is, upright judgment and a godly life.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
calf:

Hosea 8:6 For from Israel [was] it also: the workman made it; therefore it [is] not God: but the calf of Samaria shall be broken in pieces.
Hosea 10:5 The inhabitants of Samaria shall fear because of the calves of Bethaven: for the people thereof shall mourn over it, and the priests thereof [that] rejoiced on it, for the glory thereof, because it is departed from it.
Isaiah 45:20 Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, ye [that are] escaped of the nations: they have no knowledge that set up the wood of their graven image, and pray unto a god [that] cannot save.
Acts 7:41 And they made a calf in those days, and offered sacrifice unto the idol, and rejoiced in the works of their own hands.

mine:

Deuteronomy 32:22 For a fire is kindled in mine anger, and shall burn unto the lowest hell, and shall consume the earth with her increase, and set on fire the foundations of the mountains.
2 Kings 17:16-18 And they left all the commandments of the LORD their God, and made them molten images, [even] two calves, and made a grove, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served Baal. ... Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel, and removed them out of his sight: there was none left but the tribe of Judah only.
2 Kings 17:21-23 For he rent Israel from the house of David; and they made Jeroboam the son of Nebat king: and Jeroboam drave Israel from following the LORD, and made them sin a great sin. ... Until the LORD removed Israel out of his sight, as he had said by all his servants the prophets. So was Israel carried away out of their own land to Assyria unto this day.

how:

Proverbs 1:22 How long, ye simple ones, will ye love simplicity? and the scorners delight in their scorning, and fools hate knowledge?
Jeremiah 4:14 O Jerusalem, wash thine heart from wickedness, that thou mayest be saved. How long shall thy vain thoughts lodge within thee?
Jeremiah 13:27 I have seen thine adulteries, and thy neighings, the lewdness of thy whoredom, [and] thine abominations on the hills in the fields. Woe unto thee, O Jerusalem! wilt thou not be made clean? when [shall it] once [be]?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:22. 2K 17:16, 21. Pv 1:22. Is 45:20. Jr 4:14; 13:27. Ho 8:6; 10:5. Ac 7:41.

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