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Hosea 6:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And as troops of robbers wait for a man, so the company of priests murder in the way toward Shechem; yea, they have committed lewdness.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And as troops of robbers wait for a man, [so] the company of priests murder in the way by consent: for they commit lewdness.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And as raiders wait for a man, [So] a band of priests murder on the way to Shechem; Surely they have committed crime.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And as troops of robbers wait for a man, [so] the company of priests murder in the way by consent: for they commit lewdness.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And as troops of robbers lie in wait for a man, so the company of priests murder in the way of Shechem; yea, they commit lewdness.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, like liers in wait for a man, in troops, is a band of priests, on the road, will they murder towards Shechem,—because, a shameful deed, they have done.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And as bands do wait for a man, A company of priests do murder—the way to Shechem, For wickedness they have done.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And like the jaws of highway robbers, they conspire with the priests who murder in the way those that pass out of Sichem: for they have wrought wickedness.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And as troupes of robbers waite for a man, [so] the company of priestes murther in the way by consent: for they commit lewdnesse.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And thy strength [is that] of a robber: the priests have hid the way, they have murdered [the people of] Shechem{gr.Sicima}; for they have wrought iniquity in the house of Israel.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And as troops of robbers wait for a man, [so] the company of priests murder in the way by consent: for they commit lewdness.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And as troops y1416
[1416] Standard
From H1413; a crowd (especially of soldiers).
of robbers x1416
(1416) Complement
From H1413; a crowd (especially of soldiers).
wait 2442
{2442} Prime
A primitive root (apparently akin to H2707 through the idea of piercing); properly to adhere to; hence to await.
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
for a man, 376
{0376} Prime
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
[so] the company 2267
{2267} Prime
From H2266; a society; also a spell.
of priests 3548
{3548} Prime
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
murder 7523
{7523} Prime
A primitive root; properly to dash in pieces, that is, kill (a human being), especially to murder.
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
in the way 1870
{1870} Prime
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
by consent: 7926
{7926} Prime
From H7925; the neck (between the shoulders) as the place of burdens; figuratively the spur of a hill.
<8677> Grammar
Synonym Strong's Number

Sometimes, a word or phrase has individual Strong's numbers assigned to it and it has an additional Strong's number for the entire phrase.
[7927] Standard
The same as H7926; ridge; Shekem, a place in Palestine.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
they commit 6213
{6213} Prime
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
lewdness. 2154
{2154} Prime
From H2161; a plan, especially a bad one.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 6:9

_ _ company — “association” or guild of priests.

_ _ murder by consent — literally, “with one shoulder” (compare Zephaniah 3:9, Margin). The image is from oxen putting their shoulders together to pull the same yoke [Rivetus]. Maurer translates, “in the way towards Shechem.” It was a city of refuge between Ebal and Gerizim; on Mount Ephraim (Joshua 20:7; Joshua 21:21), long the civil capital of Ephraim, as Shiloh was the religious capital; now called Naploos; for a time the residence of Jeroboam (1 Kings 12:25). The priests there became so corrupted that they waylaid and murdered persons fleeing to the asylum for refuge [Henderson]; the sanctity of the place enhanced the guilt of the priests who abused their priestly privileges, and the right of asylum to perpetrate murders themselves, or to screen those committed by others [Maurer].

_ _ commit lewdnessdeliberate crime, presumptuous wickedness, from an Arabic root, “to form a deliberate purpose.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 6:4-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 6:9

The company of priests — The priests by companies lay wait, and rob, and murder.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
as troops:

Hosea 7:1 When I would have healed Israel, then the iniquity of Ephraim was discovered, and the wickedness of Samaria: for they commit falsehood; and the thief cometh in, [and] the troop of robbers spoileth without.
Ezra 8:31 Then we departed from the river of Ahava on the twelfth [day] of the first month, to go unto Jerusalem: and the hand of our God was upon us, and he delivered us from the hand of the enemy, and of such as lay in wait by the way.
Job 1:15-17 And the Sabeans fell [upon them], and took them away; yea, they have slain the servants with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee. ... While he [was] yet speaking, there came also another, and said, The Chaldeans made out three bands, and fell upon the camels, and have carried them away, yea, and slain the servants with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.
Proverbs 1:11-19 If they say, Come with us, let us lay wait for blood, let us lurk privily for the innocent without cause: ... So [are] the ways of every one that is greedy of gain; [which] taketh away the life of the owners thereof.


Hosea 5:1 Hear ye this, O priests; and hearken, ye house of Israel; and give ye ear, O house of the king; for judgment [is] toward you, because ye have been a snare on Mizpah, and a net spread upon Tabor.
Jeremiah 11:9 And the LORD said unto me, A conspiracy is found among the men of Judah, and among the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
Ezekiel 22:27 Her princes in the midst thereof [are] like wolves ravening the prey, to shed blood, [and] to destroy souls, to get dishonest gain.
Micah 3:9 Hear this, I pray you, ye heads of the house of Jacob, and princes of the house of Israel, that abhor judgment, and pervert all equity.
Zephaniah 3:3 Her princes within her [are] roaring lions; her judges [are] evening wolves; they gnaw not the bones till the morrow.
Mark 14:1 After two days was [the feast of] the passover, and of unleavened bread: and the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might take him by craft, and put [him] to death.
Luke 22:2-6 And the chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill him; for they feared the people. ... And he promised, and sought opportunity to betray him unto them in the absence of the multitude.
John 11:47 Then gathered the chief priests and the Pharisees a council, and said, What do we? for this man doeth many miracles.
Acts 4:24 And when they heard that, they lifted up their voice to God with one accord, and said, Lord, thou [art] God, which hast made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all that in them is:

by consent:
Heb. with one shoulder, or, to Shechem,
1 Kings 12:25 Then Jeroboam built Shechem in mount Ephraim, and dwelt therein; and went out from thence, and built Penuel.

or, enormity
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1K 12:25. Ezr 8:31. Jb 1:15. Pv 1:11. Jr 11:9. Ezk 22:27. Ho 5:1; 7:1. Mi 3:9. Zp 3:3. Mk 14:1. Lk 22:2. Jn 11:47. Ac 4:24.

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