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Hosea 6:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Gilead is a city of them that work iniquity; it is stained with blood.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Gilead [is] a city of them that work iniquity, [and is] polluted with blood.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Gilead is a city of wrongdoers, Tracked with bloody [footprints].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Gilead [is] a city of them that work iniquity, [and is] polluted with blood.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Gilead is a city of them that work iniquity; it is tracked with blood.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Gilead, is a city of workers of iniquity,—tracked with blood.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Gilead [is] a city of workers of iniquity, Slippery from blood.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Galaad is a city of workers of idols, supplanted with blood.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Gilead [is] a city of them that worke iniquitie; [and is] polluted with blood.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— there the city Gilead{gr.Galaad} despised me, working vanity, troubling water.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Gilad [is] a city of them that work iniquity, [and is] polluted with blood.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Gil`др גִּלעָד 1568
{1568} Prime
גִּלְעָד
Gil`ad
{ghil-awd'}
Probably from H1567; Gilad, a region East of the Jordan; also the name of three Israelites.
[is] a city 7151
{7151} Prime
קִרְיָה
qiryah
{kir-yaw'}
From H7136 in the sense of flooring, that is, building; a city.
of them that work 6466
{6466} Prime
פָּעַל
pa`al
{paw-al'}
A primitive root; to do or make (systematically and habitually), especially to practise.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
iniquity, 205
{0205} Prime
אָוֶן
'aven
{aw-ven'}
From an unused root perhaps meaning properly to pant (hence to exert oneself, usually in vain; to come to naught); strictly nothingness; also trouble, vanity, wickedness; specifically an idol.
[and is] polluted 6121
{6121} Prime
עָקֹב
`aqob
{aw-kobe'}
From H6117; in the original sense, a knoll (as swelling up); in the denominative sense (transitively) fraudulent or (intransitively) tracked.
with blood. 1818
{1818} Prime
דָּם
dam
{dawm}
From H1826 (compare H0119); blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (that is, drops of blood).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 6:8

_ _ Gilead ... city — probably Ramoth-gilead, metropolis of the hilly region beyond Jordan, south of the Jabbok, known as “Gilead” (1 Kings 4:13; compare Genesis 31:21-25).

_ _ work iniquity — (Hosea 12:11).

_ _ polluted with blood — “marked with blood-traces” [Maurer]. Referring to Gilead’s complicity in the regicidal conspiracy of Pekah against Pekahiah (2 Kings 15:25). See on Hosea 6:1. Many homicides were there, for there were beyond Jordan more cities of refuge, in proportion to the extent of territory, than on this side of Jordan (Numbers 35:14; Deuteronomy 4:41-43; Joshua 20:8). Ramoth-gilead was one.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 6:4-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 6:8

A city — A city full of notorious transgressors, the inhabitants though Levites and priests, work all manner of wickedness. With blood — Murders committed there.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hosea 6:8

(h) Gilead [is] a city of them that work iniquity, [and is] polluted with blood.

(h) Which was the place where the priests dwelt, and which should have been best instructed in my word.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Gilead:

Hosea 12:11 [Is there] iniquity [in] Gilead? surely they are vanity: they sacrifice bullocks in Gilgal; yea, their altars [are] as heaps in the furrows of the fields.
Joshua 21:38 And out of the tribe of Gad, Ramoth in Gilead with her suburbs, [to be] a city of refuge for the slayer; and Mahanaim with her suburbs,

polluted with blood:
or, cunning for blood,
Hosea 5:1 Hear ye this, O priests; and hearken, ye house of Israel; and give ye ear, O house of the king; for judgment [is] toward you, because ye have been a snare on Mizpah, and a net spread upon Tabor.
2 Samuel 3:27 And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak with him quietly, and smote him there under the fifth [rib], that he died, for the blood of Asahel his brother.
2 Samuel 20:8 When they [were] at the great stone which [is] in Gibeon, Amasa went before them. And Joab's garment that he had put on was girded unto him, and upon it a girdle [with] a sword fastened upon his loins in the sheath thereof; and as he went forth it fell out.
1 Kings 2:5 Moreover thou knowest also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, [and] what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, unto Abner the son of Ner, and unto Amasa the son of Jether, whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war upon his girdle that [was] about his loins, and in his shoes that [were] on his feet.
Psalms 10:8 He sitteth in the lurking places of the villages: in the secret places doth he murder the innocent: his eyes are privily set against the poor.
Psalms 59:2 Deliver me from the workers of iniquity, and save me from bloody men.
Isaiah 59:6 Their webs shall not become garments, neither shall they cover themselves with their works: their works [are] works of iniquity, and the act of violence [is] in their hands.
Jeremiah 11:19 But I [was] like a lamb [or] an ox [that] is brought to the slaughter; and I knew not that they had devised devices against me, [saying], Let us destroy the tree with the fruit thereof, and let us cut him off from the land of the living, that his name may be no more remembered.
Micah 7:2 The good [man] is perished out of the earth: and [there is] none upright among men: they all lie in wait for blood; they hunt every man his brother with a net.
Matthew 26:15-16 And said [unto them], What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you? And they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver. ... And from that time he sought opportunity to betray him.
Acts 23:12-15 And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound themselves under a curse, saying that they would neither eat nor drink till they had killed Paul. ... Now therefore ye with the council signify to the chief captain that he bring him down unto you to morrow, as though ye would enquire something more perfectly concerning him: and we, or ever he come near, are ready to kill him.
Acts 25:3 And desired favour against him, that he would send for him to Jerusalem, laying wait in the way to kill him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jsh 21:38. 2S 3:27; 20:8. 1K 2:5. Ps 10:8; 59:2. Is 59:6. Jr 11:19. Ho 5:1; 12:11. Mi 7:2. Mt 26:15. Ac 23:12; 25:3.

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